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> 英语词汇 > 英语词组全书 >  第327课

84 THROW: 扔;投;发作;举行(宴会等);投入;急伸,猛动(身体某部分)

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2020年07月29日

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84 THROW: 扔;投;发作;举行(宴会等);投入;急伸,猛动(身体某部分)

词组讲解

1. throw a fit ** 愤怒;痉挛(发作)

解 习语;词义溯源:[感情、病(fit)]突然发作

例 When my wife sees this mess, she's going to throw a fit!

2. throw a monkey wrench in sth. ** 破坏,妨碍(计划等)

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:将[活动扳手、破坏性因素(monkey wrench)]扔向某事

例 Our main supplier's bankruptcy throws a monkey wrench in the works. Until we find another supplier, our whole operation will be disrupted.

3. throw a party for sb. / throw a party ** (为某人)举办聚会

解 习语;词义溯源:为某人举行[聚会(party)]

例 In our office, we throw a party for people who get promoted.

4. throw caution to the wind ** 不顾一切,大胆行事,冒险

解 习语;词义溯源:将[警戒、小心、慎重(caution)]都扔到[风(wind)]中

例 Throwing caution to the wind, the men stripped naked and jumped into the pool.

5. throw down the gauntlet ** 挑战

解 习语;词义溯源:扔下[(击剑等用的)手套(gauntlet)]

例 By vetoing the bill, the President has thrown down the gauntlet. Congress must now accept the challenge and try to override the veto.

6. throw good money after bad ** 想挽回损失反而使损失更大

解 习语;词义溯源:损失后又扔[相当多的(good)][钱财(money)]

例 Trying to save the project, which has already lost $2.4 million, would in my opinion be throwing good money after bad.

7. throw in the towel 〔sponge〕 ** 承认失败,认输;投降

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:扔出[毛巾(towel)]承认失败

例 After several futile attempts, we decided to throw in the towel.

8. throw one's name around ** 借某人的名号造势

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:将某人的名字扔到[四处(around)]

例 Bob's the kind of guy who throws the mayor's name around to make himself seem important.

9. throw one's weight around ** 滥用权力,仗势欺人

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:将自己的[势力(weight)]扔向[周围(around)]

例 Leaders must be careful not to appear to be throwing their weight around.

10. throw oneself at one's feet ** 拜倒在某人脚下;公开表示爱慕

解 习语;词义溯源:将某人扔到[某人的脚下(at one's feet)]

例 Steven practically threw himself at the manager's feet, begging not to be fired.

11. throw 〔fling〕 oneself at sb. ** 讨好,献媚

解 习语;词义溯源:将自己扔[向(at)]某人

例 Don't you know that if you throw yourself at a boy, he won't respect you?

12. throw oneself on the mercy of the court ** 在法庭上向法官求情

解 习语;词义溯源:把自己扔给法庭的[慈悲(mercy)]

例 My lawyer advised me to plead guilty and throw myself on the mercy of the court.

13. throw sb. a curve ** (棒球比赛中)投弧线球;耍花招使人摸不透;出其不意

解 习语;词义溯源:向某人投[弧线球(curve)]

例 Their sudden acceptance of our offer threw us a curve. We just weren't ready for it and had to hurry to make up the contract.

14. throw sb. for a loss ** 使吃惊;使苦恼

解 习语;词义溯源:将某人扔到[迷失(for a loss)]的状态中

例 The note threw me for a loss. I had no idea how to respond to it.

15. throw sb. off the track ** 脱离主题;甩掉追踪的人;使迷惑不解;使迷失方向

解 习语;词义溯源:将某人扔出去使其[脱离路线、脱离主题(off the track)]

例 I had counted 453 of the items when the phone rang and threw me off the track.

The fugitive covered his footprints in hopes of throwing the men off the track.

16. throw sb. or sth. off *** 使产生错觉;匆匆脱掉;战胜病魔,恢复健康

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人或某物扔到[外面 (off)]

例 The noise of someone entering the room threw me off.

We threw our coats off and quickly took our places at the dinner table.

If I got sick, I had no choice but to throw it off and continue my work.

17. throw sb. out of sth. / throw sb. out *** 强迫某人离开,撵走

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人扔到[外面(out)]

例 Finally the bus driver stopped the bus and threw the obnoxious man out.

18. throw sb. over *** 抛弃;背弃

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某人扔[掉(over)]

例 Who would have ever thought Rebecca would throw Bob over so coldly?

19. throw sb. to the wolves ** 将某人送入虎口,让某人陷入绝境;让某人做牺牲品

解 习语;词义溯源:将某人扔给[狼(wolves)]

例 I'm not prepared to throw one of our colleagues to the wolves. We are all responsible, so we all should take the blame and the punishment together.

20. throw sth. away / throw away sth. *** 扔掉,抛弃

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某物扔掉

例 Recyclable materials should be thrown away in these special containers.

21. throw sth. into the bargain ** 额外给,附加

解 习语;词义溯源:将某物投入[交易、买卖(bargain)]中

例 We are prepared to throw 10 years of free rental into the bargain if your company will move its headquarters into our new building.

22. throw sth. together *** 匆匆拼凑,匆匆建成

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某物扔到[一起(together)]

例 I had no time to prepare the report, so I threw something together using some of the materials from last month's report.

23. throw sth. up / throw up sth. / throw up *** 吐,呕吐

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某物(从胃里)扔向[上方(up)]

例 Doctor Smith warned I might throw the medicine up if I took it after eating.

One of the early signs of pregnancy is throwing up in the early morning.

24. throw sth. up to sb. *** 反复提起,反复地说

解 短语动词;词义溯源:将某事扔给某人

例 Father always seemed to enjoy throwing my business failures up to me.

25. throw the book at sb. * 严惩,给某人最严厉的惩罚

解 俚语;词义溯源:将[无期徒刑(the book)]扔[向(at)]某人

例 Judge Watson threw the book at the young man since it was his third offense.

26. throw up one's hands ** 认输;绝望

解 习语;词义溯源:举[手(hands)]投降

例 No amount of reasoning could persuade Mike not to accept the offer, so I threw up my hands in despair and left him.

Bystanders threw up their hands in horror at the sight of the dead bodies.

参考译文

1. 我妻子看到这一团糟,肯定会大发脾气!

2. 我们的大供应商破产了,这破坏了我们的计划。除非我们能再找到一家供应商,否则我们的整个运营都将陷入混乱。

3. 我们在办公室为获得晋升的同事举办聚会。

4. 那些人豁出去了,脱光衣服跳进水池。

5. 总统用否决议案的行动发出了挑战。现在国会必须接受挑战,并且要努力推翻否决。

6. 这个项目已经亏损了240万美元。在我看来,要拯救这个项目只会使损失更大。

7. 经过几次无效的尝试,我们决定认输。

8. 鲍勃是那种喜欢借着市长的名声使自己显得很重要的家伙。

9. 领导人必须特别小心,不能表现得盛气凌人。

10. 史蒂文几乎跪在经理脚下,乞求不要把他开除。

11. 你不知道吗?如果你讨好一个男孩,他是不会尊重你的。

12. 我的律师建议我认罪,寄希望于法庭的宽大处理。

13. 他们突然接受我们的报价出乎我们的意料。我们还没有准备好,需要抓紧起草合同。

14. 那条留言让我非常吃惊,我不知道该怎么回复。

15. 我数到第453项时,电话响了,打断了我的思路。

逃亡者盖住自己的脚印,希望能甩掉那些人。

16. 有人进入房间的声音让我产生了错觉。

我们匆匆脱掉外衣,在餐桌旁就座。

如果我生病了,我除了治好它然后继续工作外,没有其他选择。

17. 最后公共汽车司机停下了车,把那个可恶的家伙赶了下去。

18. 谁能想到丽贝卡会这么冷酷地抛弃鲍勃呢?

19. 我不打算拿我的同事当牺牲品。我们都有责任,所以我们应该一起接受责备和惩罚。

20. 可回收物应该扔进这些特殊容器中。

21. 如果你们公司把总部搬进我们的新大楼,我们将提供10年免租的优惠。

22. 我没时间准备报告,所以我从上个月的报告中摘抄了一些材料匆匆拼凑了一份。

23. 史密斯医生警告我,如果在饭后吃药,可能会把药吐出来。

晨吐是妊娠的一个早期迹象。

24. 爸爸好像总是喜欢反复说起我事业上的失败。

25. 沃森法官给了那个年轻人最严厉的惩罚,因为这是他第三次犯法。

26. 没有理由能够说服迈克不接受这个报价,所以我绝望地认输并离开了他。

27. 旁观者们看到死者的遗体都吓坏了。


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