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LECTURE 196 基本介词 ON 3

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2020年08月05日

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LECTURE 196 基本介词 ON 3

词组讲解

1. on the air ** 在广播(或电视)中

解 习语;词义溯源:在[空气(air)]上

例 The coup leaders seized the state radio and television broadcasting stations and went on the air with a message they called “a message of liberation.” They claimed to have control of the military and declared the elected legislature an illegal assembly.

2. on the average ** 一般;平均

解 习语;词义溯源:以[一般情况(the average)]

例 Outside the courthouse where the nationally-televised Simpson murder trial is taking place , vendors are doing a land office business selling everything from commemorative T-shirts to replicas of the bloody glove found on Simpson's estate. One T-shirt vendor told me that on the average he was selling 350 shirts a day. “I'm making a killing ,” he punned.

3. on the block ** 出售中;拍卖中

解 习语;词义溯源:在[拍卖台(block)]上

例 In a related story, sources close to the Simpson family say his Hollywood estate may go on the block soon to help pay for his mounting legal fees. Simpson's lawyer has denied the rumor.

4. on the dot ** 准时,正点

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:在[点(dot)]上;参照at sometime sharp

例 Based on security video made of the hotel lobby, the explosion took place at 2:32 AM on the dot. When played in slow motion, the video clearly shows that the bomb was inside an unattended suitcase sitting next to the concierge's desk. The concierge was the only person died in the blast.

5. on the double ** 马上,快速

解 〈口〉习语;词义溯源:以[两倍的速度(double)]

例 What are you doing out here behind the building? Were you smoking? You'd better get to your classrooms before I report you to the principal. Go ahead, get back to your classes—on the double!

巩固练习

(A) on the air

(B) on the average

(C) on the block

(D) on the dot

(E) On the double

1. A:At exactly 3:20 PM I want you to bring the car to the back door of the bank. B:3:20 ______? A:I said exactly didn't I? No sooner and no later! We'll be coming out with several bags of money at exactly that moment. You have to be there.

2. A:Oh shit! Look at all these boxes laying all over the storage room. Damn, Mr. Zapp is coming to inspect our shop in less than ten minutes. Carl, Jim, Sean—quickly get these boxes out to the garbage container and organize this room. ______! B:Yes, sir—immediately.

3. A:How high are the waves on this beach usually? B:Usually? Well, ______ they're about 2 meters, but they can get much higher during stormy weather.

4. A:Five minutes everybody. We start broadcasting in five minutes. Get ready. B:But Bob's not here. A:We'll just have to go ______ without him. We have to start on schedule .

5. A:Everything you see in this building is for sale . The desk, the cabinets, the chairs—even the curtains in here are ______. B:They're selling the curtains too?

■ ANSWER:

1. (D)

2. (E)

3. (B)

4. (A)

5. (C)

参考译文

I. 1. 政变的领导者控制了国家广播、电视台,在广播和电视上播放了一条信息,他们称其为“解放的信息”。他们宣称掌握了军权,并且宣布选举产生的立法机构是非法集会。

2. 法庭内正在审讯辛普森谋杀案并通过全国电视直播,法庭外小商贩们正在卖一切跟案件有关的物品,从纪念T恤到在辛普森家现场发现的带有血迹手套的仿制品,他们的生意非常火。其中一个卖T恤的小贩告诉我,他平均一天卖掉350件。他一语双关地说:“我在赚大钱。”

3. 一位与辛普森家关系密切的人士透漏,他在好莱坞的房产也许不久将会拍卖,用来支付大笔不断增加的诉讼费。对此,辛普森的律师予以否认。

4. 根据酒店大堂的监控视频,爆炸是在凌晨2:32准时发生的。通过慢镜头可以清楚地看出,炸弹在一个不起眼的箱子里,箱子放在了门卫桌子的旁边。门卫是此次爆炸中唯一的死者。

5. 你们躲在楼后面干什么?在抽烟?你们最好在我没告诉校长之前回教室去。去,回去上课——马上!

II. 1. A:我要你下午3:20准时把车开到银行的后门口。 B:3:20是吧? A:我说了“准时”,不是吗?不能早也不能晚!我们会在那个时候准时带着几袋钱从后门出来。你必须按时到那里。

2. A:哦,该死!看这些箱子把储藏室堆得乱七八糟。该死,扎普先生不到10分钟就会来巡视我们店。卡尔、吉姆、肖恩,你们快点把这些箱子都扔到外面的垃圾箱里,把屋子整理好。马上! B:好的,先生——马上。

3. A:通常情况下,这片海滩上的浪有多高? B:通常情况下? 嗯,一般来说,大概是2米高,但是在暴风雨天气时,海浪会更高。

4. A:大家注意了,还有五分钟!还有五分钟就开播,准备好。 B:但是鲍勃还没有到。 A:他没来,我们也要开播。我们必须按照预定计划开始。

5. A:你在这栋楼里看见的所有东西都可以出售。桌子、柜子、椅子——甚至这里的窗帘也出售。 B:他们连窗帘都卖?


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