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LECTURE 199 基本介词 TO 1

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2020年08月06日

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LECTURE 199 基本介词 TO 1

词组讲解

1. to a great extent ** 在很大程度上

解 习语;词义溯源:到[很大程度(a great extent)]

例 According to Maria Shoeller, a professional gardener who has written three books on home gardening, you don't have to have a green thumb to have a healthy, thriving garden in your backyard. “Oh no, not at all. Gardening, to a great extent is a science, not an art,” she explains.

2. to date ** 直到现在,迄今为止

解 习语;词义溯源:到[今天、现在(date)]

例 Amnesty Month started on the first of the August and to date the police have collected 544 unlicensed guns of all sizes. During Amnesty Month anyone can turn in unlicensed weapon and the police will not ask any questions about it.

3. to no avail / of no avail ** 没有效果,不起作用

解 习语;词义溯源:没有达到任何[作用、效果(avail)]

例 Reporters are camping outside the hotel in hopes of getting a photo of the superstar and his new wife. One even hired a fire department's ladder truck to lift him up to the window of the room Jackson is reported to be staying in. His efforts were to no avail though as the hotel's windows are darkened and covered with heavy curtains.

4. to one's heart's content ** 尽情地;心满意足地

解 习语;词义溯源:达到某人[内心(heart)]的[满足(content)]

例 The hotel's general manager says he is not concerned about the crowd. When asked whether he was losing business because of the commotion, he told an evening news reporter, “You all can stay out there to your heart's content.”

5. to some extent ** 在某种程度上

解 习语;词义溯源:到[某种程度(some extent)]

例 Ms. Shoeller does admit however that to some extent having what she calls “a natural feeling about plants” is advantageous. “Yeah, plants do seem to respond to certain people better than others, but still the most important factor in gardening is simply looking after the plants properly.”

巩固练习

(A) to a great extent

(B) To date

(C) to no avail

(D) to our heart's content

(E) to some extent

1. A: These high prices are very much caused by the ignorance of consumers as to how much the things they buy cost in other countries. B: But the high cost of land is significant too. You have to admit that ______, land prices contribute to the high prices we have to pay for basic goods.

2. A: I could see some people about a mile away. I must have yelled to them for help for two hours ______. Since yelling was obviously unsuccessful, I tried blowing my scout whistle. B: Did that do the trick ? Did you get somebody's attention? A: No, that too had no effect.

3. A: While I don't like the design of the complex, ______ it is an efficient design. The architect obviously kept people in mind . B: So you admit there is a fair degree of efficiency. I was afraid you'd let your dislike keep you from admitting that.

4. A: How much money have we collected so far? B: ______? Well, let me see...uh...up to now, we have $467, I'm going to go around and take up a collection again this afternoon.

5. A: Jimmy! I've got a headache! Why don't you and your friend take your guitars to the park? You can sing as long and as much as you want there. B: All we want to? Mom, if we sang ______, we'd be singing until the world came to an end.

■ ANSWER:

1. (A)

2. (C)

3. (E)

4. (B)

5. (D)

参考译文

I. 1. 玛丽亚·舒勒,专业园艺师,写过三本有关家庭园艺的书,根据她的看法,要使你家后院花园的植物健康茂盛,你不必是一个园艺高手。她解释说:“哦不,根本不必。很大程度上,园艺是一门科学,而不是一门艺术。”

2. 特赦月从8月1日开始,截至目前,警方已经收缴了544支各种型号的枪支,这些枪支均为非法持有。在特赦月里,任何人都可以上缴非法持有的枪支,警察不会对此提出任何质询。

3. 为了能抓拍到这位超级巨星和他的新婚妻子,记者们在酒店外面露宿扎营。有一位记者甚至租用了消防队的云梯消防车,把他升到报道中说的杰克逊下榻的酒店窗口外。尽管这样他的努力也是徒劳,因为窗户里面没有灯光,还拉上了厚厚的窗帘。

4. 酒店总经理说他不担心人多。当被问到他是不是担心因人多混乱而影响生意时,他告诉晚报记者:“你可以一直待在那里直到你尽兴。”

5. 但是,舒勒女士确实承认,在某种程度上,怀有被她称为“对植物的自然感情”是有好处的。“是的,植物似乎对某些特定人群比对其他人的反应更好,但是在园艺中最重要的依然是适当地照料植物。”

II. 1. A:高物价主要是因为消费者忽视了他们购买的物品在其他国家的价格。 B:但是土地的高价也是非常重要的原因。你必须承认,在很大程度上,地价的上升助长了基本商品物价的上升。

2. A:我能看见一英里之外有人,我一直喊了足有两个小时来求救,但都是徒劳。由于我的叫喊明显不成功,我试着吹响了我的侦察哨。 B:你成功了吗?有人注意到了吗?A:没有,那个也没有用。

3. A:虽然我不太喜欢这座综合建筑的设计,但是从某种程度上来说,这是个有效的设计。很显然,它考虑到了人的因素。 B:那么,你也承认这个设计有一定程度的有效性。我还担心你会因为不喜欢而不承认呢。

4. A:到目前为止我们筹到了多少钱? B:迄今为止?嗯,让我看看……嗯……现在一共筹了467美元,我打算今天下午出去四处走走,再募捐一些。

5. A:吉米,我头疼!你为什么不跟你的朋友到公园里去弹吉他呢?在那里你们想唱多久就唱多久,想怎么唱就怎么唱。 B:随便我们怎么样都行?妈妈,如果我们能尽情唱的话,我们会一直唱到世界末日。


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