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刘文勇GRE写作百日题库 Day 92

所属教程:GRE百日百句百题:写作题库全解析

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2022年04月20日

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Day 92 Educators should base their assessment of students' learning not on students' grasp of facts but on the ability to explain the ideas, trends, and concepts that those factsillustrate

Educators should base their assessment of students' learning not on students' grasp of facts but on the ability to explain the ideas, trends, and concepts that those facts illustrate.

Write a response in which you discuss the extent to which you agree or disagree with the recommendation and explain your reasoning for the position you take. In developing and supporting your position, describe specific circumstances in which adopting the recommendation would or would not be advantageous and explain how these examples shape your position.

【本题与Day 48有相似之处】

五问:

(1)建议大家在做这个题目之前先翻翻字典,别着急论述,看看什么是“ facts”?什么是“ideas”?什么是“trends”?什么是“concepts”?别偷懒,这些概念以后也能用得上。

(2)以上的这些概念之间是什么关系?是否有包含关系?是否有先后顺序?是否有延伸关系?尤其是“facts”与其他概念之间有何关系?

(3)什么样的学习更适合用掌握的“ facts”来评估?例如:英文拼写、读音,数学公式、定律等。什么样的学习更适合用解释“ ideas”“trends”“concepts”的能力来评估?例如:建筑工程,只有掌握了这种能力,才能在实际中解决各种工程问题。

(4)命题中的做法有什么好处?例如:掌握了能解释这些“ideas”“trends”“concepts”的能力,有助于加深对知识的理解,学会举一反三,灵活运用。

(5)命题中的做法有什么坏处?例如:不掌握基本的规律和原则,可能无法将 “ideas”“trends”“concepts”应用到实际当中。

翻译练习:

有些人建议学生应该先被教授事实背后的原理,再被给予事实,因为知道原理有助于更好地解释事实;但是,因果关系有时候可能是颠倒的,因为事实能帮助老师更好地解释抽象的原理。

参考答案:

Some suggest that students should be given facts only after they have been taught the principles behind them because knowing about principles can help explain the facts better; however, causality may sometimes flow in the opposite direction, in that facts can help teachers better explain the abstract principles.


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