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刘文勇GRE写作Argument题库 Day 1

所属教程:GRE百日百句百题:写作题库全解析

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2022年04月30日

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Day 1 Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously beenfound only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea

Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a “Palean” basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad, and so the ancient Paleans could have crossed it only by boat, and no Palean boats have been found. Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean.

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

五问:

(1)“Woven baskets characterized by a particular distinctive pattern have previously been found only in the immediate vicinity of the prehistoric village of Palea and therefore were believed to have been made only by the Palean people. Recently, however, archaeologists discovered such a ‘Palean’ basket in Lithos, an ancient village across the Brim River from Palea. The Brim River is very deep and broad”是事实;“Thus it follows that the so-called Palean baskets were not uniquely Palean”是结论。事实的真实性和结论需要质疑吗?事实的真实性和结论并不需要我们质疑,我们应该把更多的精力放在推理论述的过程上。

(2)渡过 Brim River的方式有哪些?坐船是唯一的方式吗?大家能否想出别的方式渡河?比如,这个民族特别擅长游泳,或者可以利用木桶、木板、修建桥梁、借助绳索等方式过河。

(3)未找到 Palean拥有船只的证据,就必定意味着不存在吗?未被证实的事情,就一定是错的吗?

(4)能够运载大量货物和人的船只在很久之后才出现,那小船呢?独木舟总可以吧?

(5)除了 Paleans,其他人就不可能将篮子带到 Lithos吗? Palea没有船,那其他地方也一定没有船吗?其他地方的船是不是可能将篮子带到 Lithos?篮子是否有可能通过贸易方式被卖到 Lithos?

*因为文中并没有对Brim River的存在时期进行限定,所以不需要对此进行反驳;如果有具体限定,则可以进行反驳。


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