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刘文勇GRE写作Argument题库 Day 147

所属教程:GRE百日百句百题:写作题库全解析

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2022年05月24日

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Day 147 We recommend that Grove College preserve its century-old tradition of all-female education rather than admit men into its programs

The following recommendation was made by the president and administrative staff of Grove College, a private institution, to the college's governing committee.

“We recommend that Grove College preserve its century-old tradition of all-female education rather than admit men into its programs. It is true that a majority of faculty members voted in favor of coeducation, arguing that it would encourage more students to apply to Grove. But 80 percent of the students responding to a survey conducted by the student government wanted the school to remain all female, and over half of the alumnae who answered a separate survey also opposed coeducation. Keeping the college all female will improve morale among students and convince alumnae to keep supporting the college financially.”

Write a response in which you discuss what specific evidence is needed to evaluate the argument and explain how the evidence would weaken or strengthen the argument.

五问:

(1)“It is true that a majority of faculty members voted in favor of coeducation, arguing that it would encourage more students to apply to Grove. But 80 percent of the students responding to a survey conducted by the student government wanted the school to remain all female, and over half of the alumnae who answered a separate survey also opposed coeducation”是事实, “We recommend that Grove College preserve its century-old tradition of all-female education rather than admit men into its programs”是结论,值得反驳吗?

(2)文中提到了两个调查,这两个调查的样本具有代表性吗?样本数量是多少呢?是否有可能没参加调查的人占样本总量的比例更大呢?样本可能有什么偏向性?例如:报名该校的学生一般会倾向于支持该传统。那没有报名该校的学生对该传统的态度呢?是否可能存在这样的情况,在改为男女合校之后,尽管有一部分在校生对此表示不满,但招生总数增加了?

(3)80%的学生希望学校保持传统,那剩下的 20%的学生呢?他们的意见就不重要了吗?同样,超过一半的校友反对男女同校,那剩下的那部分校友是否支持呢?

(4)student government进行的调查是否有可能是诱导性调查呢?例如:问题设置带有暗示性,让调查对象不自觉地选择支持学校的传统。

(5)保持传统就一定能够提升学生的精神面貌,并且使校友们继续捐款吗?男女同校是否也有可能实现甚至更好地实现这些目的?文中是否给出了充足的论据来证明这一点?


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