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GRE词汇之常见词根词缀(七)

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2020年06月01日

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  常见的词根

  1) aer, ar, 含义是“空气,大气” aeroplane, aerial,

  2) ag, act, ig, 含义是“做,动作” active, agent, reaction,

  3) alt, 含义是“高”, altitude,

  4) alter, altern, altr, 含义是“其它,变更” alternate,

  5) bio, bi, bion, 含义是“生物,生命” biology, bionics(仿生学)

  6) brev, bri, brief, 含义是“短” brief, abbreviation, abridge(节略)

  7) cap, capt, cept, cip, 含义是“取,获” capture, except, concept, capacity

  8) ced, ceed, cess, 含义是“行,让步” proceed, succeed, excess(过度)

  9) centr, centr, 含义是“中心” concentrate, eccentric(偏心的)

  10) clain, clam, 含义是“呼喊” claim, proclaim, exclaim

  11) clos, clud, 含义是“闭合” conclude, enclose, include

  12) col, cult, 含义是“耕耘” colony, cultivate, agriculture

  13) cor, cord, 含义是“心” cordial, record, accord

  14) curr, cur, cour, 含义是“跑,动作” current, occur, concurrence(同时发生)

  15) dic, dict, 含义是“说,示” dictate, edit, indicate, predict

  16) doc, doct, 含义是“教” doctor, document.nbsp

  17) duc, duct含义是“引导,传导” introduce, produce, conduct, deduct( 推论)

  18) fact, fac, fect, dic, dit, 含义是“做,创造” factory, effect, profit, faculty, perfect

  19) fend, fens, 含义是“打,击” defence, offence

  20) fer, 含义是“搬运,移转” ferry, transfer, defer(迟延)

  21) fin, finit, 含义是“终,极” final, finish, confine

  22) firm, 含义是“坚固” firm, confirm, affirm(断定)

  23) fix, 含义是“固定” prefix, affix(附加)

  24) flect, flex, 含义是“弯曲” flexible, reflex

  25) flor, flour, flower, 含义是“花” flower, flourish

  26) form, 含义是“形” uniform, formula, transform, reform, deform

  27) forc, fort, 含义是“力,强度” force, enforce, effort

  28) gen, genit, 含义是“生产,发生” generate, generation

  29) gram, graph, 含义是“书写,记录” telegram, diagram, photograph

  30) grad, gress, gred, gree, 含义是“步,阶段” gradually, degree, progress

  31) hab, habit, hibit, 含义是“保持,住” inhabit, exhibit, prohibit

  32) her, hes, 含义是“粘附” adhere, cohesion

  33) ject, jet, 含义是“抛射” project, inject

  34) jour, 含义是“日,一天” journal(日记), journey, adjourn(延期)

  35) jug, junct, 含义是“结合,连合” conjunction, junction(连合)

  36) labour, labor, 含义是“劳动,工作” labourer, elaborate, collaborate

  37) lect, leg, lig, 含义是“挑选,采集” collect, select, lecture

  38) lif, liv, 含义是“生活,生存” life, alive, live

  39) loc, 含义是“场所,位置” location, dislocate(脱位)

  40) long, leng, ling, 含义是“长的” length, prolong, linger

  41) loqu, locut, 含义是“说话” colloquial, eloquent,

  42) mand, mend, 含义是“命令” command, demand, recommend

  43) man, manu, 含义是“手,手法” manage, manual

  44) memor, menber, 含义是“记忆” memory, remember, memorial

  45) mind, ment, 含义是“心” mind, remind, mental

  46) merc, merch, 含义是“贸易” commerce, merchant


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