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大学英语六级考试(CET6)历年真题听力2017年12月英语六级听力真题(第1套) 录音(2)

所属教程:大学英语六级考试(CET6)历年真题听力

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2018年12月20日

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https://online1.tingclass.net/lesson/shi0529/0000/407/2017120106.mp3
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Recording Two

录音二

Kwanzaa is a cultural festival during which African-Americans celebrate and reflect upon their richheritage as the products of two worlds.

宽扎节是一个文化节日。期间非裔美国人举行庆典,反思他们承自美国和非洲两个世界的丰富文化遗产。

It begins December 26 and lasts for seven days.

宽扎节从12月26日开始,持续七天。

Kwanzaa was founded in 1966 by Dr. Karenga, acollege professor and African-American leader, who believed that a special holiday could helpAfrican-Americans meet their goals of building strong families, learning about their history, andcreating a sense of unity.

宽扎节1966年由大学教授,美国黑人领袖卡林加博士创立。他相信一个特殊的节日有助于非裔美国人构筑强大的家族,学习他们的历史并建立团结精神。

After conducting extensive research in which he studied the festivals of many African groups ofpeople, he decided that the new holiday should be a harvest or "first fruits" celebration, incorporating ideas from many different harvest traditions.

卡林加对许多黑人团体的节日做了大量研究,随后决定新节日应当庆祝收获或"初熟",结合了许多有关收获的不同传统。

Kwanzaa is a KiSwahili word meaning "the first fruits of the harvest."

宽扎在斯瓦西里语中是指"最先收获中的果实"。

The East African language of KiSwahili was chosen as the official language of Kwanzaa because itis a non-tribal language, spoken by a large portion of the African population.

东非语言斯瓦西里语选作宽扎节的官方语言,是因为它不是部落语言,大部分非洲人都会说。

Also, its pronunciation is easy.

而且它发音也很简单。

Kwanzaa is based on seven principles which are unity, self-determination, collective work andresponsibility, cooperative economics, purpose, creativity and faith.

宽扎节建立在七项原则之上:团结、自主、合作、责任、合作经济、目标、创造性和信仰。

One principle is highlighted each day of the holiday.

节日每天各着重庆祝一项原则。

In preparation for the celebration, a straw mat is placed on the table, along with a candleholder with seven candles, one black, three red, and three green.

庆典的筹备需在桌上铺上草席,旁边需站着一位拿着蜡烛的人,蜡烛有七支,一支黑色,三支红色,三支绿色。

The black candle represents the African-American people, the red is for their struggles, and thegreen represents their hopes for the future.

黑色蜡烛代表着非裔美国人,红色代表着奋斗,绿色象征着对未来的希望。

Other items placed on the table are a variety of fruit, ears of corns, gifts, and a communalunity cup for pouring and sharing drinks.

桌上还摆着各种水果,玉米穗和一只公共团结杯,用来倾倒和分享饮料。

Each day of Kwanzaa, usually before the evening meal, family and friends gather around thetable and someone lights a candle, beginning with the black.

宽扎节每日通常在晚餐之前,亲友齐聚桌旁,会有人点亮蜡烛,从黑色蜡烛开始。

After that, candles are lit alternately from left to right.

然后从左向右轮流点亮所有蜡烛。

While the candle is being lit, a principle is recited; then each person present takes a turn tospeak about the importance that principle has to himself or herself.

蜡烛点亮同时叙述一条原则;然后在场的每个人轮流发言,谈论原则对自己的重要性。

Next the ceremony focuses on remembering those who have died.

仪式接下来则着重缅怀逝者。

A selected person pours water or juice from the unity cup into a bowl.

选出的人选将团结杯中的水或果汁倒入碗中。

That person then drinks from the cup and raises it high saying "Harambee" which means "Let'sall pull together."

那人接着饮下杯中饮料,并高举团结杯说"哈拉比",意思是"我们要齐心协力。"

All repeat "Harambee!" seven times and each person drinks from the cup.

所有人重复"哈拉比"七次,然后所有人饮下杯中饮料。

Then names of African-American leaders and heroes are called out, and everyone reflects uponthe great things these people did.

然后人们喊出美国黑人领袖和英雄的名字,回忆他们的伟大功绩。

The ceremony is followed by a meal, and then singing and perhaps listening to African music.

仪式之后进餐,再然后是歌唱和倾听黑人歌曲。

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the recording you have just heard.

请根据你刚刚听到的对话回答问题19至问题22。

19. What does the speaker say about Kwanzaa?

问题19:有关宽扎节发言人谈了些什么?

20. For what purpose did Dr. Karenga create this special holiday?

问题20:卡林加博士出于什么目的创立了这个特殊节日?

21. What does the word "Kwanzaa" mean?

问题21:"宽扎"是什么意思?

22. What did people do while each candle was being lit at the Kwanzaa celebration?

问题22:宽扎节庆典上每支蜡烛点亮时人们做什么?

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