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2023年12月英语六级真题听力第二套(7)

所属教程:大学英语六级考试(CET6)历年真题听力

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2024年06月11日

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当提及六级听力时,尤其是英语六级真题听力,我们不禁会想起那些考验英语学习者听力理解能力的挑战。作为英语六级考试的重要组成部分,六级听力部分不仅要求考生能够捕捉和识别出基本的语言信息,更需要他们在有限的时间内对复杂的语境进行准确理解,并快速作出反应。小编为大家整理了2023年12月英语六级真题听力第二套Recording 3的内容,希望能对您有所帮助!

英文原文

recording 3

By the end of 2,016, anyone who had been paying even passing attention to the news headlines was highly likely to conclude that everything was terrible and that the world was going to hell.
到2016年底,即使只是稍微关注新闻头条的人,也极有可能得出这样的结论:一切都糟透了,世界正在走向地狱。

It was easy to feel depressed by the wars in different parts of the world, the spread of deadly viruses, or terror attacks.
世界各地的战争、致命病毒的传播或恐怖袭击很容易让人感到沮丧。

Yet 2,016 was the best year in the history of humanity. Child mortality was roughly half what it was as recently as 1990, and 300,000 more people gained access to electricity each day.
然而,2016年是人类历史上最好的一年。儿童死亡率大约是1990年的一半,每天还有30万人获得电力供应。

Every single measure of material and environmental welfare in America, Europe, Asia, Africa, and the world as a whole has improved rather than deteriorated.
美国、欧洲、亚洲、非洲以及全世界在物质和环境福祉方面的每一项指标都有所改善,而不是恶化。

We are living in history's most peaceful era, with violence of all kinds in steep decline.
我们生活在一个历史上最和平的时代,各种暴力事件都在急剧下降。

Those are the facts. So why aren't we all optimists?
这些都是事实。那么,为什么我们都不乐观呢?

In a 2,015 survey for Yugab, 65% of British people and 81% of the French said they thought the world was getting worse.
在2015年针对Yugab的一项调查中,65%的英国人和81%的法国人认为世界正在变得越来越糟。

However, according to numerous sensible statistics, these people are simply wrong.
然而,根据许多合理的统计数据,这些人的看法是错误的。

Nobody in their right mind should wish to have lived in a previous century, yet people do. Why?
头脑正常的人都不会想生活在前一个世纪,但人们确实有这样的想法。为什么呢?

Our prevailing mood of despair is irrational. It says more about us than it does about how things really are.
我们普遍存在的绝望情绪是不合理的。它更多地反映了我们自身,而不是事情的实际情况。

It is best explained as the result of various psychological biases that served a purpose for our evolutionary ancestors but now, in an immediate saturated era, constantly mislead us.
最好将其解释为各种心理偏见的结果,这些偏见对我们的进化祖先有用,但在如今这个即时饱和的时代,它们不断误导我们。

Once upon a time, it was of great survival value to be worried about everything that could go wrong. This is what makes bad news especially compelling in our evolutionary past.
曾几何时,担心可能发生的一切错误事情对生存非常有价值。这就是为什么在我们的进化历史中,坏消息特别引人注目的原因。

In our evolutionary past, it was a very good thing that our attention could be easily seized by negative information, since it might well indicate a dangerous risk to our own survival.
在我们的进化历史中,我们的注意力很容易被负面信息所吸引,这实际上是一件好事,因为这可能意味着对我们自身生存构成危险的威胁。

The caveman who always assumed there was a lion behind the next rock would usually be wrong, but he'd be much more likely to survive and reproduce than one who always assumed the opposite. That was all before newspapers, television, and the internet. In today's hyper-connected times, our addiction to bad news just leads us to vacuum up depressing or enraging stories from across the globe. Whether these news stories threaten us or not, we conclude that things are much worse than they actually are. Really good news, on the other hand, can be a lot harder to spot in a newspaper, because predictable daily events, by definition, aren't news.

总是假设下一块石头后面有狮子的穴居人通常会猜错,但他比总是假设相反情况的人更有可能生存和繁衍。这一切都是在报纸、电视和互联网出现之前。在当今这个高度互联的时代,我们对坏消息的沉迷只会让我们从全球各地吸收令人沮丧或愤怒的故事。无论这些新闻故事是否威胁到我们,我们都会认为事情实际上比它们更糟。另一方面,在报纸上发现真正的好消息要困难得多,因为可预测的日常事件按定义来说不是新闻。

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the recording you just heard.

问题22至25基于您刚刚听到的录音。

Question 22: What is one of the facts stated by the speaker?
问题22: 说话者提到的一个事实是什么?

Question 23: What do we learn about most British and French people in a 2015 survey for Ugov?
问题23: 在2015年针对Ugov的一项调查中,我们了解到大多数英国人和法国人的什么情况?

Question 24: What does our prevailing mood of despair indicate?
问题24: 我们普遍存在的绝望情绪说明了什么?

Question 25: What was a very good thing in our evolutionary past?
问题25: 在我们的进化历史中,什么是一件非常好的事情?

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