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林超伦实战口译 Unit 31-36




单元31 国际发展援助(英音)

DFID's overarching objective is the elimination of global poverty. Despite remarkable progress over the last twenty years, there are still large numbers of poor people in China--approximately 200 million--who live in abject poverty, on a daily consumption level of less than 1 dollar per day.


Relatively recently, China has undergone fundamental changes from a centrally planned economy to one which embraces market forces; and from a largely rural based society to an increasingly urban one. Although rapid economic development has dramatically reduced the numbers of poor people, inequality has increased, especially between the more affluent coastal eastern regions and the poorer inland western regions.


The commitment of the Government of China and their strong track record in poverty reduction makes DFID confident that it can work effectively with the Government and key partners to further reduce poverty; and to make progress towards a set of internationally agreed development goals.


DFID's Country Strategy Paper for China and further details of our project portfolio are available via the Internet. Our Country Strategy Paper explains how DFID aims to contribute to progress towards the Millennium Develo9pment Goals in China, and provides a basis to measure progress. We are hoping to complete an updated version of the Country Strategy Paper by mid-2002.


The China Programme is about to enter a period of expansion. Depending on the availability of resources it is hoped the programme will expand from £25 2001/2 to around £60 in 2004/5. The principal activities of the programme are outlined below.


Human Development. DFID work in this area focuses primarily on the fields of education and health: In education, the current programme supports improvement in basic education and skills for development. In Gansu Province, our programme focuses on increasing access to education for poor boys and girls and minorities; and on improving the quality and effectiveness of teaching in poor counties.


We are developing a partnership with the World Bank and Chinese Government which supports similar objectives for basic education in more provinces. The final details for this co-financed project, through which DFID grant funds will be blended with World Bank loan funds, have yet to be confirmed, but the DFID contribution is expected to be between £35m-£55m.


We are entering into a partnership with the All-China Women's Federation (DFID contribution: £2m) which focuses o improving the skills and promoting the rights of women and girls. DFID is also developing teacher training projects in the poorer western provinces. This is a Distance Learning Project and is worth £4m.


单元32 辽宁招商介绍

辽宁省位于中国东北部的南端,西南以山海关为界与河北省接壤,西北与内蒙古自治区毗邻,东北与吉林省为邻,东南与朝鲜隔江相望,全省总面积14.75万平方公里,人口4238万人。属季风气候区,日照丰富,气候温和。Liaoning is in the southern part of Northeast China. We have Hebei Province in the southwest via the Shanhai Pass, Inner Mongolia in the northwest, Jilin Province in the northeast and North Korea in the southeast, across a river. Liaoning covers an area of 147,500 square kilometers, with a population of 42.38 million. It is in the monsoon zone with plenty of sunshine and a mild climate.


Liaoning has rich agricultural, mineral, tourist and marine resources. We produce large quantities of crops in the central region, and large quantities of fruits in the southwest. Over 100 types of mineral ores have been discovered. Liaoning Province was the birthplace of the Qing Dynasty. We have the Shenyang "Forbidden City" and the Three Tombs from the early Qing Dynasty. Liaoning has a coastline of 2,920 kilometers with 50,000 square kilometers of exploitable sea close to land.


Liaoning is a heavy industrial centre in China. In 2001, our GDP was 503.31 billion RMB, averaging 11,876 yuan per person. We have a hundred years of industrial history. Total output is 355.697 billion yuan. Agriculture is spread out in 4 regions. In 2001, the total value of output from agriculture, forestry, husbandry and fishing was 104.56 billion yuan. Township enterprises are a new powerhouse, contributing 167.16 billion yuan to the economy in 2001.


Liaoning is strong in scientific research. We have a whole range of science and research institutions, with a fairly balanced portfolio of capabilities. We are fairly strong in project research and in development. There are 962 research and development organizations working in a variety of fields, 10 national priority laboratories, 16 national engineering research centers, and more than 1.5 million specialists and technicians. The hi-tech and new-tech industries in Liaoning generate output to the value of 128.1 billion yuan.


Liaoning has excellent transport systems. There are 6 trunk railway lines and 29 branch lines. We have over 2,000 kilometers of motorway. Every city is linked by a motorway. Every village is linked by a tarmac road. We have 10 ports with 150 berths, capable of handling 110 million tons of cargo. We have 6 airports, of which 2 are international airports serving 114 domestic routes and 13 international routes.


Liaoning's international relations are led by senior officials, using many different means. It is wide ranging and has generated good results. Since 2000, we have received heads of state or government from Russia, Germany, North Korea, India, the UAE, Australia, Japan, the EU and Italy. Liaoning is twinned with 78 cities in 22 countries and regions.


In recent years, Liaoning has maintained steady growth in its foreign economic relationship and export. It has over 22,000 inward investment ventures from over 50 countries and regions, with a total investment of 25 billion US dollars. It has 310 projects with an investment of 5 million US dollars.


Liaoning's education, culture and sports are all blossoming. There are 38,738 schools, colleges, and universities with 9.78 million students. There are 9 national priority subject areas, 8 national priority laboratories. Sports are crowned with glory. Liaoning has 50 world champions and 104 Asian champions. More than 20 million people regularly participate in physical exercise.

单元33 国际发展援助2 (英音)

HIV/AIDS is a major concern in China. DFID is helping to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS by strengthening capacity in HIV/AIDS planning and policy development at national and provincial levels. The HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care Project will spend £15.3m over 5 years and aims to develop replicable models of prevention, treatment and care. The two focus provinces are Yunnan and Sichuan.


DFID has designed, with Chinese counterparts and the World Bank, a major programme in TB prevention and control, recognizing that TB is primarily a disease of the poor. This blended finance project is worth US $104m over 7 years. DFID's contribution is approximately £28m. The environment. Protection of the environment is directly relevant to the livelihoods and well being of poor people. It has clear implications for sustainable development and wider global concerns.


DFID supports environmental management in a number of ways. The Yunnan Environmental Development Programme in Yunnan Province assists the provincial government to prepare and implement pro-poor, environmentally sustainable development plans. The Water Sector Development Programme aims to assist the introduction of sustainable water resource management, and rural water and sanitization. Here, DFID's contribution is £6.9m over 3 years.


The Water Equity Project is worth £5m over 4 years. It is working towards reforming the management of small-scale rural water facilities. The reform process is participatory, socially equitable and environmentally sustainable in order to maximize the benefits to poor farmers, particularly women. In another collaboration with the World Bank, DFID is working to improve the farming conditions, with focus on poverty reduction, spending up to £5m over 4 years.


This project is due to start in August 2002. DFID is providing technical support to the Chinese government in their review of the national Water Law. And DFID supports the Environmental Economics Working Group of the China Council for International Co-operation on Environment and Development. The aim here is to help China to integrate environmental considerations into development policies and planning.


DFID is also working with the World Bank and Global Environmental Facility to improve energy efficiency in China. This initiative will help to decrease the growth of greenhouse gas emissions and associated global impacts, and contribute towards sustainable development. Social and economic reform. Support to State Owned Enterprise reform is a central theme. A three-year SOE reform project addresses two main issues: enterprise restructuring and enterprise development.


The project is located in Sichuan and Liaoning provinces. DFID contribution is £19m. The enterprise restructuring element will develop models fro the survival of enterprises which would otherwise be liquidated, thereby saving jobs and reducing social dislocation in the long term. The enterprise development element is designed to help absorb labor laid ff by the process of SOE reform through providing support to small enterprises. In recent years there have recorded much faster growth than the SOE sector.


As additional support to pro-poor private sector development, DFID works with the International Finance Corporation in implementing a private sector development project in Sichuan Province. The International Finance Corporation--China Project Development Facility will see DFID spend £2.1m over 3 years. A pilot project focusing on the provision of unemployment insurance is expected to reduce urban poverty in six counties through the establishment of social security safety nets.


单元34 江西招商介绍


Jiangxi is in the southeast of China with Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, Hunan to the west and Zhejiang, Anhui and Hubei to the north. Jiangxi covers an area of 166,900 square kilometers with a population of 41.398 million. We have a mild climate, plenty of rainfall, and an excellent eco-environment. 59.7% of our land is covered by forests. We are among the best regions in China.


Jiangxi has rich natural resources. There are over 4,000 species of seed plants, over 600 species of vertebrates, more than 140 mineral ores and over 100 hot springs. Underground water exploitation averages 6.8 billion cubic meters a year. We potentially have 6.1 million kilowatts of hydroelectric power to be exploited. We generate 21.561 billion kilowatt-hour of electricity. There are over 2,400 rivers in Jiangxi.


Our economy has maintained good growth. In 2001, our GDP was 217.6 billion yuan. In agriculture, we have crops, edible oil, vegetables, pigs, oranges and fresh water fish. We are an important agricultural province in China. We have automobile, mechanical, electronic, chemical, metallurgical and construction material industries as well as food processing, textile and pharmaceutical capabilities. Some of our industrial products are either close to, or already among the best in China.


Jiangxi continues to boost its investment in hydroelectric power, energy, transport and telecommunications infrastructure. We have completed a large number of "backbone projects", substantially improving our infrastructure. The Jingjiu Railway that was opened in 1996 runs through 26 counties, cities and regions in Jiangxi. It extends more than 700 kilometers throughout our province. Jiangxi has several motorways as well as 4 civil aviation airports.


We are driving forward our strategy of "Developing Jiangxi with Science and Education" and increasing our investment in education year by year. There are now 32 institutions of higher education with 196,455 undergraduates, 151,036 junior vocational school students, and over 10,307 senior vocational school students. Our cultural sector is developing healthily. We have 78 performing arts groups, 113 cultural centers, 104 public libraries, 81 museums, and 12 television channels.


In terms of economy and trade, the consumption market remains steady and good. Retail is worth a total of 76.33 billion yuan a year. The total value of imports and exports stands at 1.53 billion US dollars. There are 2,284 companies of the "three types" and 169 foreign investment companies. The total investment utilized stands at 540 million US dollars.


We are much more aware of environmental protection and are doing more in this area. We have made considerable progress. There are now 69 smoke and dust control areas covering 419 square kilometers. There are 51 areas where noise has been reduced to the required level, benefiting a total area of 237 square kilometers. We have 13 nationally approved ecological demonstration areas, 57 nature reserves, of which 3 are national level ones.


People's welfare and social security. Our population has been growing very slowly. The income of residents in urban areas continues to rise, averaging 5,506 yuan a year. The income of the rural population averages 2.231 yuan a year. We have largely stable employment and reemployment. We have made considerable progress in our social welfare development. We welcome you to Jiangxi to invest, to set up factories and to develop your business.

单元35 Interpublic集团 (美音)

Interpublic is more than a company; it's a concept--a group of commonly owned but autonomous advertising and communications services enterprises. They include such industry leaders as McCann Erickson World group, FCB Group, a new global marketing resource called The Partnership, and the Advanced Marketing Services Group. Interpublic is a truly global company in a fast-moving global economy, prepared to serve its multi-national clients as well as regional and local businesses in markets everywhere.

Interpublic不仅是一个公司,而且是一个概念——一组既不属于同一集团,又是自治的广告和沟通服务企业。其中包括行业领先的McCann Erickson环球集团。FCB集团,一个以“伙伴关系”命名的全球市场推广新资源,和高级市场推广服务集团。Interpublic是个名副其实的全球公司,在快速发展的全球经济中,随时准备在任何市场为跨国客户和区域以及当地企业服务。

Interpublic values its nearly 60,000 employees, who work for Interpublic agencies in approximately 130 countries. They are responsible for anticipating and satisfying client needs--and, hence, for Interpublic's success. Interpublic's stock trades on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol IPG. The beginning of the Interpublic Group of Companies dates to the turn of the twentieth century, with the birth of the Alfred W. Erickso Agency in 1902 and the H.K. McCann Company in 1911.


In 1930, the two agencies merged to form McCann-Erickson, the genesis of an advertising powerhouse that would later encompass a myriad of agencies and reach around the globe. Interpublic joined the New York Stock Exchange in 1971. In the decades since, we have carefully added building block after building block to our organization, offering clients the strength and consolidated resources of a major holding company and the personal attention and individual creativity of the agencies and communications specialists that comprise its family.


Center for Marketing Intelligence. Today's Center for Marketing Intelligence (CMI) is a unique research entity that provides the Interpublic Group companies with fast, accurate and complete information about the U.S. market. CMI's research covers a broad spectrum of product and service categories and advertising and marketing subjects. CMI has extensive resources to develop its vital research.


CMI's 20-person staff responds to individual company requests for analysis of markets and trends to assist in gaining new business and servicing existing clients. CMI briefings to clients of Interpublic Group companies encompass category trends, brand shares and trends analysis, brand positions and advertising, new products and outlooks. CMI will also take on special assignments for Interpublic Group companies, including workshops and seminars on special topics.


Strategic Ventures Group. The Interpublic Group of Companies is committed to a consistent mission: helping clients build brands and businesses and strengthening relationships with customers via its range of advertising, marketing and communications services. The Strategic Ventures Group is committed to connecting strategic resources to our clients. We've established close relationships with many of the innovative leaders within our companies who champion new ideas.


We also have enhanced our due diligence process to ensure our partners are meaningfully aligned and connected with our companies and clients. To optimize our process, we monitor and respond to our companies' ability to deliver robust marketing and communications services. No matter how the services and technologies evolve, Interpublic remains dedicated to staying ahead of the curve--providing superior capabilities, tools and solutions required by clients around the globe.


Year after year, no other organizations serve as many marketers, selling so many diverse products and services in so many parts of the world, as do the agencies and companies of the Interpublic Group. Interpublic is growing in new ways, too, adding an array of specialized resources to help our agencies and their clients meet increasingly complex communications challenges. In just over 30 years, the Interpublic Group has watched its gross income and profits rise over 1,100 percent.


单元36 云南招商介绍


I'm very pleased to be here with you. First, let me give you an introduction to Yunnan Province. I'll then talk about the main areas for future development. Yunnan is in the southwest of China and is one of the provinces designated for development by the policy for the development of the West. It covers an area of 390,000 square kilometers with the Euro-Asian continent to the north, Vietnam, Laos, and Burma to the south.


Yunnan has borders of over 4,000 kilometers. There are 20 ports and over 90 channels linking us with the outside world. Yunnan is becoming an important land route linking China with South Asia and Southeast Asia. Yunnan is home to many nationalities. The population of just under 43 million includes 26 nationalities. Yunnan was the cradle of ancient civilizations. We have a very colorful cultural heritage.


Yunnan has some of the richest resources in China, with more than 10,000 species of plants and the same again for insects. We have more than 1,700 species of vertebrates and large quantities of a whole range of mineral deposits. We have water reserves of 222.2 billion cubic meters, with a hydroelectric power capacity of over 90 million kilowatts. We are known as the Kingdom of Plants, Kingdom of Animals, and Gene Bank.


After 23 years of reform and opening up our market, our GDP has been growing at more than 9% a year. Our output of phosphoric fertilizers and phosphorus ore is number one in China. Our sugar cane and rubber are number two. Our tea, number three, and our non-ferrous metals number two.


With rich natural resources and a unique heritage, tourism in Yunnan is prospering. It has become one of the pillar industries in Yunnan. In 2001, there were more than 1.1 million person-visits from abroad and 45.7 million person-visits from within China. The income from tourism was over 21 billion yuan.


Yunnan has established trading and friendly relationships with over 110 countries and regions around the world. There are over 660 companies and research organizations with import and export licenses. 15 products each brought in more than 10 million US dollars from exports. The main export earners are tin, aluminum, lead, zinc, steal, and tea. Our total exports amounted to 1.99 billion US dollars.


Yunnan established friendly and trading relationship with your country in as early as 1959. Between 1996 and 2001, bilateral trade amounted to 233 million US dollars. The UK has 19 investment projects in Yunnan with a total investment of 95.9 million US dollars. When Her Majesty the Queen Elisabeth the Second visited China in 1986, she successfully visited Yunnan. Your Secretary of State for Trade and Industry, His Excellency Stephen Byers, and your Ambassador to China, Sir Anthony Galsworthy led a delegation to the Kunming Expo in 1999.


In the process of developing a free trade zone between China and the ASEAN, Yunnan will be among the first to introduce free investment and trade. We are fully implementing the strategy to develop the West. Yunnan has launched many major projects. The need for more investment is increasing fast. This will create new opportunities in several areas for our friends at home and abroad.

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