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2017考研英语作文:应用文写作的框架结构

所属教程:考研英语作文

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2016年09月05日

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  2017考研英语作文:应用文写作的框架结构

  相信大家都应该看考研英语的大纲要求,作文这一项里,包含的应用文的类型是多种多样的,比如:投诉信、建议信、申请信、求职信、辞职信、求学习呢、求助信、感谢信、号召信、道歉信、简历、备忘录、寻物启事、招领启事等等,但是小编根据历年真题整理出来的数据表明,最常考到的是书信,尤其是在近几年的考研作文中,应用文考的最多就是书信体应用文。所以小编整理了一个书信的通用模板的格式给大家,供大家参考。

  一、首段的写作方法

  1.问候收信人

  Dear Sir/Madam

  2.解释写信的原因

  申请:

  I’m writing for an opportunity to work in your esteemed company that boasts of decadesof reputation

  邀请:I’m writing to request your attendance to a dinner party that is to be held in Beijing onAugust.

  感谢:I am writing to extend my heartfelt thanks (sincere gratitude)toward…

  投诉:I am writing to complain about the poor quality of a product that I purchased from yourstore two weeks ago.

  祝贺:I am writing to extend my sincere greetings, wishing you a happyNew Year, your careergreater success and your family happiness.

  二、中间段的写作方法

  1.阅读题目要求,找到可以用到的名词或动词。

  【示例】Write a letter of application according to the following situation. You saw anadvertisement in this morning’s newspaper. A company needs a secretary and you are interested.Write an application letter to that company.

  2.注意题目文字暗示,把名词具体化,把动词近义词化

  【示例】I am pleased to discover from Beijing Youth that your company is calling for a secretary. Iwonder if you could consider my application, for I am delighted to join your esteemed company.First, I can speak and write English fluently, which happens to meet your current requirement forthe vacancy. Second, I have a good command of Microsoft Office System, Graphic Design andADOBE system. Third and last, I am always ready to help other people because I’m patient,enthusiastic and sincere. Given these considerations, I sincerely hope that I can be a member ofyour esteemed company.

  三、结尾段的写作方法(三句话)

  【示例】I would appreciate your assistance in this matter. If you have any question, please don’thesitate to contact me. I can be reached at…Look forward to your reply.

  四、署名

  在文章右下角署名,一般格式为:Your sincerely…

  这次和大家分享的其实是信件的标准通用模板,即放之四海皆准的框架结构,其实考验英语作文不乏有出现写信这种格式的考察方法。那么小编需要提醒大家的就是,信件的写作一定要注意格式,信件的写作格式简直是送分的呀。


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