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英语六级考试——写作强化训练之真题

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2020年09月17日

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(一)真题

   1.2007年6月真题

   Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Should One Expect a Reward When Doing a Good Deed?You should write at least 150 words,and you should base your composition on the outline(given in Chinese)below:

   1.有些人认为做好事应该有回报。

   2.另一些人认为应该像雷锋那样,做好事不计回报。

   3.我的看法。

   解析

   该题属于典型的“对立观点型”作文,完全可以按照前一节对于第一种题型的讲解写作。

   范文

   Should One Expect a Reward When Doing a Good Deed?

   There is no denying the fact that it is a controversial topic whether one should expect a reward when doing a good deed.People's opinions differ considerably on this issue.

   Some hold the positive view.They claim that it is a natural thing for one to get rewarded after he has made contributions to the society,especially in an age of market economy.Otherwise,people would be discouraged from helping others.

   Others,however,hold the opposite view.They argue that one should learn from Lei Feng and expect no reward when helping others.In their opinion,not everything is a commodity.The whole society would be in danger if we all calculated conscience and affection in terms of money.As the saying goes,it is love,instead of money,that turns the world around.

   Personally,I am inclined to agree with the latter point of view.If a person helps others for rewards,he is not doing a good deed;instead,he is doing business.In that case,our society will become a cold place to live in.On the contrary,we should keep it in mind that we do not help others for money,but out of love and the sense of responsibility.Only in this way can we achieve a really harmonious society.

   或:Personally,I believe that both sides have something right,so we should not go to extremes.On the one hand,we should recognize and reward in time people who have done a good deed or good deeds;on the other hand,we should keep it in mind that we do not help others for money,but out of love and the sense of responsibility.Only in this way can we achieve a really harmonious society.

   译文

   做好事该不该期待回报?

   不可否认,“做好事该不该期待回报”是一个有争议的话题。在这个问题上人们的意见有十分明显的分歧。

   一些人持正面看法。他们说为社会做了贡献而得到奖励是一件自然的事,特别是在市场经济时代。否则,人们就不会再愿意帮助他人。

   另一些人则持相反的看法。他们认为,应该向雷锋学习,帮助别人时不期待回报。在他们看来,并非一切都是商品。如果大家都以金钱来计算良知和情感,那整个社会将处于危险之中。如俗话所说,推动世界运转的是爱,而非金钱。

   就个人而言,我倾向于赞同后者的观点。如果一个人帮助别人是为了得到回报,那他就不是在做好事,而是在做买卖。这样的话,我们的社会就会成为一个冰冷的世界。相反,我们应该记住,我们帮助别人并不是为了钱,而是出于爱心和责任感。只有这样,才能创建真正和谐的社会。

   或:就个人而言,我认为,双方都有一定道理,我们不应该走极端。一方面,我们应该认识到,应该及时认可和奖励做了好事的人;另一方面,我们应该记住,我们帮助别人并不是为了钱,而是出于爱心和责任感。只有这样,才能创建真正和谐的社会。

   2.2008年6月真题

   Directions:For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Will e-books Replace Traditional Books?You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below:

   1.随着信息技术的发展,电子图书越来越多。

   2.有人认为电子图书会在将来取代传统图书。

   3.我的观点。

   解析

   这篇文章也可以算是“对立观点型”,但跟一般的对立观点型作文又不太一样,提纲要求并不是按照“先正面观点、后反面观点、最后自己观点”的顺序。我们写作的时候不要生搬硬套原来的模板,要尊重既定的提纲。第一段除了把第一句译成英语之外,还可以再加上一些人们阅读电子图书的例子。第二段可以写某些人的看法和理由,即电子图书相对于传统图书的优势,如省时、省力、省钱等。第三段写自己的观点,可以赞同也可以反对上一段的看法。写反对的看法似乎比较有话可说,也就是再说说传统图书相对于电子图书的好处。在语言方面,原有模板中的很多话还是可以借用的,当然比较常用的好说法也不止一种,如下文中所示。

   范文

   Will e-books Replace Traditional Books?

   There is no denying the fact that e-books have gained increasing popularity in the past years along with the development of information technology.Taking a look around,we can find examples too numerous to list.Actually,modern readers seem to spend more time on e-books than on traditional ones.

   As a consequence,it has emerged as a hotly debated topic whether e-books will take the place of traditional books in the future.Some hold the positive view.They claim that it is natural for books to become electronic as mankind steps into a digital age.Compared with traditional books,e-books have some obvious advantages.For one thing,it is convenient to read on line as modern people have easy access to the Internet.For another,reading'e-books saves money.

   Personally,I believe that e-books cannot replace all traditional books.Firstly,you can mark a traditional book and write your comments in the margin but you cannot do that conveniently on e-books.Secondly,to many people,only the smell of ink and the feel of paper can provide the true sense of reading and learning.Therefore,in my opinion,traditional books will still exist in the future.

   译文

   电子图书会取代传统图书吗?

   不可否认,在过去几年中,随着信息技术的发展,电子图书越来越受欢迎。环顾四周,我们可以发现例子不胜枚举。事实上,现代读者看电子图书的时间似乎比看传统图书的时间要多。

   因此,“电子图书将来是否会取代传统图书”已经成为一个引起激烈争论的话题。一些人持正面看法。他们认为,随着人类步入数字时代,传统图书变为电子图书是很自然的事。与传统图书相比,电子图书有明显的优势。一方面,因为现代人上网很容易,所以在线阅读很方便。另一方面,阅读电子书籍可以省钱。

   我个人认为,电子图书不能取代所有传统图书。首先,你可以在传统图书上做标记,并在空白处写下自己的评论,但读电子图书时要想这样做不太方便。第二,对很多人来说,只有闻着墨香、摸着纸张才真正有读书和学习的感觉。因此,我认为,传统图书在未来仍然会存在。

   3.2006年12月老题型真题

   Directions:For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled The Celebration of Western Festivals.You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

   1.现在国内有不少人喜欢过西方的某些节日

   2.产生这种现象的原因

   3.这种现象可能带来的影响

   解析

   与上一道题一样,这道题固然可以使用部分模板句,但也不能全用,因为该题所反映的现象并非完全的坏事,所以在分析影响时语言要有相应的变化,即使最后加上解决问题的文字也不能完全照搬模板。

   范文

   The Celebration of Western Festivals

   There is no doubt that an increasing number of Chinese are fond of celebrating some Western festivals today.Taking a look around,we can find examples too many to enumerate.Reports about Chinese observing Christmas,Saint Valentine's Day and Thanksgiving Day are frequently heard or read on TV or the Internet.

   A variety of factors may have led to the phenomenon,but the leading ones are as follows.For one thing,due to the policy of reform and opening?up,Chinese people tend to know more about Western culture and be influenced by it.For another,some businessmen wish to make money by encouraging people to celebrate those Western festivals.Last but not least,as traditional Chinese festivals lose their attraction,many people tend to find joy in Western festivals.

   Though we need not criticize people celebrating Western festivals,nor can we stop them,we have to beware of the danger behind it.While enjoying the atmosphere brought by those Western customs,we might well lose our own tradition and identity.This will definitely result in severe consequences if we keep turning a blind eye to it.

   Given the acuteness of this problem,effective steps must be adopted before the situation deteriorates.First,it is imperative that the government appeal to people to attach importance to traditional Chinese festivals.Meanwhile,students should be educated more about the significance of traditional Chinese culture.

   译文

   庆祝西方节日

   毫无疑问,现在越来越多的中国人喜欢过一些西方节日。环顾四周,我们可以发现这样的例子不胜枚举。在电视上和网上我们经常能听到或看到关于中国人过圣诞节、情人节和感恩节的报道。

   多种因素可能导致了这一现象,但主要因素有以下几点。首先,因为改革开放政策,中国人对西方文化了解得越来越多,也受其影响。第二,一些商人想通过鼓励人们过洋节来赚钱。最后,随着传统中国节日失去其吸引力,很多人倾向于从西方节日中寻找快乐。

   尽管我们不应该批评那些过西方节日的人,也无法制止他们,但是我们必须意识到这背后的危险。在享受那些西方习俗带来的气氛时,我们很可能会失去我们自己的传统和特色。如果我们继续对此视而不见,必将造成严重后果。

   鉴于这个问题的严重性,必须采取有效措施,防止情况恶化。首先,政府必须呼吁人们重视传统中国节日。同时,应该教育学生,让他们知道传统中国文化的重要性。

   4.2013年6月真题2

   Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay commenting on the remark “Earth provides enough to satisfy every man's need,but not every man's greed”.You may cite some examples to support you view.You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

   解析

   该题属于典型的“谚语警句型”作文,完全可以按照前一节对于这一题型的讲解写作。

   范文

   An age?old proverb says that “Earth provides enough to satisfy every man's need,but not every man's greed,” by which is meant that,in view of the limited resources on the earth,one should refrain from asking for more than he needs.In other words,one should learn to be thrifty and contented with a moderate level of living.Otherwise,there might appear crisis of resources,conflicts and even warfare.

   Actually,history abounds with examples to prove this saying.Taking a look around,we can also find examples too many to enumerate.Here I can think of no better illustration of the proverb than the experience of the U.S..As the most developed country in the world,it has already occupied and consumed more than its proportion of wealth.Yet it never stopped expanding and grabbing resources from other countries.The 9·11 terrorist attack and wars between the U.S.and many other countries are just results of such greediness.

   Bringing what has been discussed into a conclusion,we may say that thrift and self?denial are really valuable virtues of mankind,especially in the current world.So,neither a person nor a nation should pursue material wealth endlessly.Instead,he or they should take into consideration of others'needs and,in the meanwhile,go after spiritual wealth.In a word,we should truly understand the profound meaning of the proverb and take the right actions in our life in the future.

   译文

   一句由来已久的名言说“天生万物,尽够人需,却难填欲壑”,意思是,地球资源有限,我们不应该有需求之外的过分要求。换句话说,我们应该学会节俭、知足、生活朴素。 否则,就会出现资源危机、矛盾,甚至战争。

   事实上,历史上存在着大量的例子来证明这句话的道理。即使我们看看周围也能发现例子不胜枚举。在这里,我想不到比美国的经历更好的例子了。作为世界上最发达的国家,美国已经占据和消费了超出其份额的财富。然而它仍然不停地扩张,攫取其他国家的资源。9·11恐怖袭击以及美国和其他国家之间的战争就是这种贪欲的结果。

   综上所述,我们可以说,节俭和克己确实是重要的人类美德,尤其在当今社会。所以,不管是个人还是国家都不应该无休止地追求物质财富,而是应该考虑到别人的需求,并且追求精神财富。简而言之,我们应该真正理解这一谚语的深刻含义,在未来生活中采取正确的行动。

   5.2002年6月真题

   Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Student Use of Computers.You should write at least 150 words,and base your composition on the chart and the outline given below:

   1.上图所示为1990年、1995年、2000年某校大学生使用计算机的情况,请描述其变化;

   2.请说明发生这些变化的原因(可从计算机的用途、价格或社会发展等方面加以说明);

   3.你认为目前大学生在计算机使用中有什么困难或问题。

   解析

   这道题属于典型的“图表型”作文,可以按照我们前面说的思路来写。第一段描述图表中的数据。第二段分析原因,但要注意最好从括号里建议的几方面来写。第三段有些话也可以套用模板,如this chart is a perfect index of...;a series of problems have arisen in the process和it is reasonable for us to believe that they can be solved in the near future with effective measures taken等。但是如果能用自己的话表述是最好的,如下面的范文。

   范文

   Student Use of Computers

   Students nowadays tend to use computers more frequently than before.Reading this chart,we can find that the average number of hours a student spends on the computer per week has increased sharply.In 1990,it was less than 2 hours;in 1995,it increased to almost 4 hours;and in 2000,the number soared to 20 hours.

   A number of factors account for the change in the chart,but the following might be the critical ones.First,computers facilitate us in many aspects of life.Also,the fast development of the Internet enlarges our demands for using computers.We can easily contact with friends in remote places through the Internet.Besides,the prices of computers are getting lower and lower,which enables more students to afford them.

   However,there still exist some problems,such as poor quality,out?of?date designs of computers and so on.And how to balance the time spent on using computers and studying is also a serious problem.Anyhow,we will benefit a lot from computers as long as we use them properly.

   译文

   学生使用电脑

   现在的学生使用电脑往往比原来更加频繁。读此图表,我们可以发现,学生平均每周花在电脑上的小时数大幅增长。1990年为不到2小时,1995年则上升至近4小时,2000年猛增到20个小时。

   许多因素可以解释图表中的变化,但下面的几个可能是关键因素。首先,电脑使我们生活的很多方面都更加便利。而且,互联网的迅速发展扩大了我们使用电脑的需求。通过互联网我们很容易就可以联系到远在天边的朋友。此外,电脑的价格越来越低,有越来越多的学生能够买得起电脑。

   但是,仍然存在着一些问题,如电脑质量差、设计过时等等。而且如何平衡使用电脑和学习的时间也是一个严重的问题。不过,只要我们恰当地使用电脑,就会受益良多。

   6.2005年1月真题

   Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write an open letter on behalf of the Student Union asking people to give help to a student who is seriously ill.You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below:

   1.对病人的简单介绍:目前的病情。

   2.病人目前的困难:无法承担医疗费用,需要护理。

   3.希望捐助;联系方式。

   解析

   这道题属于“应用写作型”中的公开信,也没有太多模板句可用,关键还是把正文三段词数写够,而且少出错,多出彩。注意开头的称呼不能用Dear Sir or Madam,可以用Dear friends,Dear everyone,Dear schoolmates,Dear fellow students等。

   范文

   Your Help Needed

   Dear friends,

   I am writing to you,on behalf of the Student Union,to ask for your help for Li Ming,a schoolmate of ours from the Department of Computer Science.He is seriously ill now and has to have a heart transplant at once.

   Li Ming is now confronted with the following difficulties.To begin with,he can't afford the medical expenses as he comes from the west of our country and his family is quite poor.Moreover,his parents have already been deep in debt in order to send him to university.In addition,his family is far away and he needs someone to take care of him day and night.Only with intense care can our friend recover from his disease.

   On no account can we see our friend suffer or die.He is in desperate need of your help,especially financial donations to help him pay for his expenses.Let's all give him our hands.Anyone who wants to offer help can contact us at 88588858 or you can email us by love@sina.com.Please act without delay.

   Yours sincerely,

   Zhang Hua

   Chairman of the Student Union

   译文

   求助

   亲爱的朋友们:

   我以学生会的名义给大家写这封信,请大家帮助我们学校计算机科学系的李明同学。他患了重病,现在必须进行心脏移植。

   李明现在面临着以下困难。首先,由于他来自西部,家境贫困,他无法负担医疗费用。而且,为了送他上大学,他的父母已经负债累累。另外,他的家离这儿很远,他需要有人日夜照顾。只有精心的照料,我们的朋友才能恢复健康。

   我们绝对不能看着我们的朋友受苦或死亡。他极为需要您的帮助,尤其是捐款,以帮助他支付医疗费用。让我们向他伸出援手吧!任何愿意提供帮助者可致电88588858,也可以通过电子邮件love@sina.com联系我们。请立即行动吧!

   真挚的,

   学生会主席张华


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