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CET-6听力题解题思路: 校园场景

所属教程:英语六级经验技巧

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2020年09月11日

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校园场景

基础词汇:

   ①与选课、退课及课程名称相关的说法

   selective/optional course选修课 take the course选课

   drop the course退课 register注册

   sign up for the course选课 pick up = learn学习,选(课)

   required/compulsory course必修课

   cancel取消 full报满的 play truant逃学

   skip the class逃课 lecture讲座 credit学分

   seminar研讨班;专题研讨会 workshop专题讨论会

   introductory course初级课程 advanced course高级课程

   computer course计算机课程 psychology course心理学课程

   computer science计算机科学 biochemistry生物化学

   philosophy哲学 physics物理学 economics经济学

   sociology社会学 geology地质学 chemistry化学

   biology生物学 science理科 arts文科

   ②与作业及考试相关的说法

   homework/assignment 作业 book report 读书报告

   presentation 课堂展示reading list 书单turn in/hand in 上交

   deadline 最后期限due 到期extension 延期

   paper/essay 论文term paper 学期论文thesis 毕业论文

   proposal 开题报告mid?term exam 期中考试final exam 期末考试

   quiz 测验pop quiz 不提前通知的考试

   grade/score 分数pass 及格fail 不及格

   passing grade 及格分make?up exam 补考retake 重考

   ③与学生会相关的说法

   students union学生会 chairperson主席 candidate候选人

   vote 选票

   ④与教师相关的说法

   professor 教授assistant professor 助理教授

   associate professor 副教授instructor 讲师

   tutor/mentor/director 导师supervisor 论文导师

   faculty 全体教职员工dean 系主任

   president 校长

   ⑤与年级、学位及学院相关的名称

   freshman 大一学生sophomore 大二学生

   junior student 大三学生senior student 大四学生,高年undergraduate student 本科生 级生

   graduate/postgraduate student 研究生bachelor's degree 学士学位

   master's degree 硕士学位doctor's degree 博士学位

   post?doctor student 博士后alumni/alumnus 校友

   school 学院department 系

   graduate school 研究生院

经典考题:

   例1:2003年6月真题

   8.[A]Do the assignments towards the end of the semester.

   [B]Quit the history course and choose another one instead.

   [C]Drop one course and do it next semester.

   [D]Take courses with a lighter workload.

   原文:M:Mr.Smith,our history professor,announced we would be doing two papers and three exams this semester.I wonder how I'm going to pull through when two other courses have similar requirements.

   W:Well,can't you drop one course and pick it up next semester?

   Q:What does the woman suggest the man do?

   答案:C

   解析:通过选项的内容可知该题就校园场景中有关选课、退课的内容提问。女士的话can't you drop one course and pick it up next semester是答案信息点,can't you用来引出建议。选项C中,do it 即原文中pick it up的同义替换。

   例2:2002年6月真题

   1.[A]Registering for courses.[B]Getting directions.

   [C]Buying a new computer.[D]Studying sociology.

   原文:W:The deadline for the sociology and computer courses is the day after tomorrow.

   M:But I haven't decided which courses to take yet.

   Q:What are the man and woman talking about?

   答案:A

   解析:该题涉及校园场景中选课这一论题。注意短语register for的意思是“注册(一门课程),选(课)”,是男士答语中take一词的同义替换。

   例3:2002年1月真题

   7.[A]The deadline is drawing near.[B]She can't meet the deadline.

   [C]She turned in the proposals today.[D]They are two days ahead of time.

   原文:M:When are we supposed to submit our project proposals,Jane?

   W:They are due by the end of the week.We've only two days left.We'll just have to hurry.

   Q:What does the woman mean?

   答案:A

   解析:注意due有“到期”的意思,此外We've only two days left.We'll just have to hurry.同样在提示“截止期限临近了”,故A正确。

   例4:2009年12月真题

   14.[A]They were both chairpersons of the students' union.

   [B]They have known each other since their schooldays.

   [C]They are going to hold a reunion party.

   [D]They have been in close touch by email.

   原文:W:I received an email yesterday from Henry.Do you remember he was one of the chairpersons of our students' union?

   M:Yes,but I haven't heard from him for ages.Actually,I have been out of touch with him since our first reunion after graduation.

   Q:What do we learn about the speakers?

   答案:B

   解析:该题属于校园场景中与学生会有关的内容。but I haven't heard from him for ages.Actually,I have been out of touch with him since our first reunion after graduation是答题的关键,其中out of touch的意思是“失去联系”,first reunion after graduation意为“毕业后第一次重聚”,这说明两个人的关系可以追溯到学生时期(schooldays),所以B项“他们从学生时期就认识对方了”正确。另外,大家会注意到A、C、D三项的大部分单词或短语都出现在了听力原文中,这正是“视听反向”的解题思路,这一点将在之后的内容中继续讲解。

   例5:2002年12月真题

   10.[A]Selecting the best candidate.

   [B]Choosing a campaign manager.

   [C]Trying to persuade the woman to vote for him.

   [D]Running for chairman of the Student Union.

   原文:M:You are my campaign manager.What do you think we should do to win the election? I'm convinced I'm the best candidate for the chairman of the Student Union.

   W:We won't be able to win unless you get the majority votes from the women students.

   Q:What is the man doing?

   答案:D

   解析:这道题与竞选学生会主席有关。从what do you think we should do to win the election“你认为我们如何才能赢得竞选”、the best candidate for the chairman of the Student Union“学生会主席最佳候选人”,以及get the majority votes from the women students“获得女生的多数选票”来判断,男士此刻正在参与学生会主席的竞选。

   例6:2011年6月真题

   13.[A]Mark is not fit to take charge of the Student Union.

   [B]Mark is the best candidate for the post of chairman.

   [C]It won't be easy for Mark to win the election.

   [D]Females are more competitive than males in elections.

   原文:W:Mark is the best candidate for chairman of the Student Union,isn't he?

   M:Well,that guy won't be able to win the election unless he gets some majority vote from women students.And I'm not sure about that.

   Q:What does the man mean?

   答案:C

   解析:同例5相似,这道题也是关于学生会主席的竞选。通过男士的话进行语义推断,won't be able to win the election unless he gets some majority vote from women students“除非能得到女学生的多数选票,否则他很难在竞选中获胜”,and I'm not sure about that是指“我也不确信他能否获得女生的多数选票”。于是推断出男士的意思是“Mark要赢得这场竞选并不容易”。


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