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六级短文听力题:【2005年12月真题】

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2020年09月29日

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【2005年12月真题】

   Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

   18.[A]Punishment by teachers.[B]Poor academic performance.

   [C]Truancy.[D]Illness.

   19.[A]The Board of Education.

   [B]Principals of city schools.

   [C]Students with good academic records.

   [D]Students with good attendance records.

   20.[A]Punishing students who damage school property.

   [B]Rewarding schools that have decreased the destruction.

   [C]Promoting teachers who can prevent the destruction.

   [D]Cutting the budget for repairs and replacements.

【2005年12月真题解析】

   原文:

   Passage Three

   In some large American city schools,as many as 20-40% of the students are absent each day.There are two major reasons for such absences:one is sickness,and the other is truancy.That is staying away from school without permission.Since school officials can't do much about the illness,they are concentrating on reducing the number of truancy.【第18题答案位置】One of the most promising schemes has been tried in Florida.The pupils there with good attendance have been given free hamburgers,toys and T?shirts.【第19题答案位置】Classes are told if they show improved rates of attendance,they can win additional gifts.At the same time,teachers are encouraged to inspire their students to come to school regularly.When those teachers are successful,they are also rewarded.“We've been punishing truancy for years,but that hasn't brought them back to school,”one school principal said.“Now we are trying the positive approach.Not only do you learn by showing up every day,but you earn.”In San Francisco,the board of education has had a somewhat similar idea.Schools that show a decrease in deliberate destruction of property can receive the amount of money that would be spent on repairs and replacements.【第20题答案位置】For example,12,000 dollars had been set aside for a school's property damages every year.Since repair expenses of damaged property required only 4,000 dollars,the remaining 8,000 dollars was turned over to the student activity fund.“Our democracy operates on hope and encouragement,”said the school board member.“Why not provide some positive goals for students and teachers to aim at?”

   Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

   18.Which reason for students' absences is discussed in great detail?

   19.Who will benefit from the scheme being tried in Florida?

   20.What measure has been taken in San Francisco to reduce the destruction of school property?

   译文:

   在美国大型城市的一些学校中,学生每天的缺勤率高达20%~40%。造成如此高缺勤率的主要原因有两个:一是生病,二则是旷课。旷课即在没有得到允许的情况下不去学校。由于校方官员对于生病无能为力,他们只好将精力集中在减少旷课人数上。佛罗里达采用了一项最有希望纠正这一现象的措施。出勤情况好的学生将获得免费汉堡、玩具和T恤衫。另外,每个班都被告知如果他们的出勤率有所上升,他们将会赢得额外的礼物。与此同时,鼓励老师激励学生按时上课。如果老师们做得不错,他们也会得到奖励。“我们在过去的几年里一直采取惩罚旷课学生的做法,但这种方式不能将他们带回学校,”一位校长说。“现在我们正在尝试积极的做法。每天来上课不仅能让你学到知识,还能让你获得奖励。”在旧金山,教育董事会也有相似的想法。那些人为故意损坏财物现象减少的学校将会获得本应用于修理和重新购置设备的经费。比如,每年会为每个学校留出12,000美元的资金,用于学校损坏财物的修理。由于损坏财物所需要的修理费用只需4,000美元,那么剩下的8,000美元就将成为学生的活动资金。“我们的民主建立在希望和鼓励的基础之上,”一位校董会成员说,“为什么不给学生和老师设定一些积极的目标让他们去努力呢?”

   解析:

   教育系统说明文。

   18.C主题概括题。首句群出题,结合全篇内容概括,发现本文有很大篇幅都在讲旷课。所以答案是C。

   19.D事实细节题。最高级及特殊词出题点(most promising)。文中提到One of the most promising schemes has been tried in Florida.The pupils there with good attendance have been given free hamburgers,toys and T?shirts.显然,得到奖励的是The pupils there with good attendance,所以答案是D。

   20.B事实细节题。视听基本一致,结合同义替换。原文提到Schools that show a decrease in deliberate destruction of property can receive the amount of money that would be spent on repairs and replacements.即“那些人为故意损坏财物现象减少的学校将会获得本应用于修理和重新购置设备的经费”,也就是奖励学校,得出答案是B。


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