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2023年12月英语四级真题听力第一套(6)

所属教程:大学英语四级考试听力冲刺

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2024年06月11日

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英语四级考试中,听力理解部分无疑是考生们需要重点关注的环节。小编为大家整理了“2023年12月英语四级真题听力第一套”Passage 1的内容,希望为大家备考带来帮助!

英文原文

College English Test Band 4
大学英语四级

part 2 Listening Comprehension
第二部分 听力理解

Section C
C节

directions in this section, you will hear three passages.
说明:在本部分中,你将听到三篇短文。

At the end of each passage, you will hear three or four questions.
在每篇短文后,你将听到三到四个问题。

Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.
短文和问题都只会播放一次。

After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D.
在听到问题后,你必须从标记为A、B、C和D的四个选项中选择最佳答案。

Then Mark the corresponding letter on answer sheet 1 with a single line through the center.
然后在答题卡1上用单线标记对应的字母。

Passage 1
短文1


Artificial intelligence agents play ever more influential roles in our lives. They do everything from suggesting new friends to recommending purchases. They're even beginning to drive our cars. Another role that they are expected to take over is negotiating on our behalf in commercial transactions or legal disputes. So it's important to know whether using an artificial intelligence agent might affect how we negotiate. Research indicates that it does.
人工智能代理在我们的生活中扮演着越来越重要的角色。它们从推荐新朋友到推荐购买商品无所不包,甚至开始驾驶我们的汽车。另一个它们有望接手的角色是在商业交易或法律纠纷中代表我们进行谈判。因此,了解使用人工智能代理是否会影响我们的谈判方式很重要。研究表明,确实如此。

In a new study, participants were told to imagine that they were negotiating for something important to them, like a house. Next, they were told either that they would negotiate for themselves, or they would program an artificial intelligence agent to negotiate for them. Participants then completed a survey indicating how tough, deceptive, and pleasant or otherwise they wanted to be, or wanted their agent to be in the negotiations. For example, participants could choose to be tough by making an opening demand far greater than what they would be willing to accept. They could also choose to express sympathy with their opponent to appear pleasant. But they could also indicate that they or their agent would strategically express anger toward the opponent to gain advantage. Or they could opt to convey dissatisfaction with the encounter so that the other party would think they were losing interest. These are both examples of deceptive strategies.
在一项新研究中,参与者被告知要想象他们正在为对他们来说很重要的事情进行谈判,比如房子。接下来,他们被告知要么自己进行谈判,要么编写一个人工智能代理来为他们进行谈判。然后,参与者完成了一项调查,表明他们在谈判中想要表现得多么强硬、欺骗、友好或其他方式,或者他们希望他们的代理在谈判中如何表现。例如,参与者可以通过提出远高于可接受范围的初始报价来表现得强硬。他们还可以选择表达对对手的同情来显得友好。但他们也可以表示,他们或他们的代理会策略性地表达对对手的不满以获得优势,或者表达不满以使对方认为他们失去了兴趣。这些都是欺骗策略的例子。

Participants were more willing to employ deceptive strategies when assigned an agent to negotiate on their behalf.
当被指派一个代理来代表他们进行谈判时,参与者更愿意采用欺骗策略。

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
问题16至18基于你刚刚听到的短文。


Question 16: What does the passage say about artificial intelligence agents?
问题16:这篇文章关于人工智能代理说了什么?

Question 17: What does the new study want to find out about using an artificial intelligence agent?
问题17:这项新研究想要了解关于使用人工智能代理的什么?

Question 18: What did participants tend to do when assigned an AI agent to negotiate on their behalf?
问题18:当被指派一个人工智能代理来代表他们进行谈判时,参与者倾向于做什么?

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