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2014年12月英语六级翻译真题:经济发展

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  翻译题目:

  自从1978年启动改革以来,中国已从计划经济转为以市场为基础的经济,经历了经济和社会的快速发展。平均10%的GDP增长已使五亿多人脱贫。联合国的“千年(millennium)发展目标”在中国均已达到或即将达到。目前,中国的第十二个五年规划强调发展服务业和解决环境及社会不平衡的问题。政府已设定目标减少污染,提高能源效率,改善得到教育和医保的机会,并扩大社会保障。中国现在7%的经济年增长目标表明政府是在重视生活质量而不是增长速度。

  参考译文:

  沪江网校版:

  Since the reform in 1978, China has developed from a planned economy to a market-based economy, experienced rapid economic and social development. An average of 10 percent of GDP growth has helped leading more than five hundred million people out of poverty. The United Nations “millennium development goals” have reached or are about to reach in China. At present, China's Twelfth Five-Year Plan emphasizes the development of services and solutions to environmental and social imbalances. The Government has set a target to reduce pollution, improve energy efficiency and improve access to education and health care, and extend social support network. The current 7% annual economic growth target of China demonstrates that the government attaches great importance to the quality of life rather than the growth rate.

  新东方在线版:

  Since the reform in 1978, with the rapid development of economy and society, Chinese economy has transferred into market economy from command economy. The average 10% growth of GDP has lifted more than 500 million people out of poverty. The Millennium Goal of the U.N. has been fully or partially achieved throughout China. At present, the 12th Five-year Plan in China emphasizes the development of service industry and the solution of imbalance of environment and society. The government has set goals to reduce pollution, enhance energy efficiency, improve educational opportunities and medical insurance and expand social security. The 7% growth annual goal demonstrates that the government is concentrating on the quality of life rather than the speed of growth.

  文都教育版1:

  Since the reform was launched in 1978, China has transformed from the planned economy into a market-based economy, experiencing rapid economic and social development. On the average, 10% of the GDP growth has made more than five hundred million people out of poverty. The “millennium development goal ”of the United Nations has been realized or are about to be reached in China. At present, the 12th five-year plan in China emphasizes the development of service industry and solve the problem of environmental and social imbalance. The government has set up a goal to reduce pollution, increasing energy efficiency,improving the chance of education and health care, and enlarging the social security. 7% of annual economic growth target in China shows that the government attaches great importance to the quality of life rather than the growth rate.

  文都教育版2:

  <考点解析>

  本段翻译以介绍经济发展为主题,共包含6句话,简单句居多,考生除了要会应用基本的句式结构,注意逻辑连贯,语篇流畅之外,还须掌握以下翻译要点:

  1. 计划经济:planned economy

  2. 以市场为基础的经济: market-based economy/market-oriented economy

  3. 脱贫:out of poverty/ anti-poverty

  4. 千年发展目标:millennium development goal/aim

  5. 社会不平衡:social imbalance/unbalance

  6. 提高能源效率:boost/enhance/improve/increase energy efficiency

  7. 扩大社会保障:enlarge social security

  8. 重视生活质量:pay attention to/attach importance to/value life quality

  <参考译文>

  Since the reform was launched in 1978, China has transformed from the planned economy into a market-based economy, experiencing rapid economic and social development. On the average, 10% of the GDP growth has made more than five hundred million people out of poverty. The “millennium development goal ”of the United Nations has been realized or are about to be reached in China. At present, the 12th five-year plan in China emphasizes the development of service industry and solve the problem of environmental and social imbalance. The government has set up a goal to reduce pollution, increasing energy efficiency,improving the chance of education and health care, and enlarging the social security. 7% of annual economic growth target in China shows that the government attaches great importance to the quality of life rather than the growth rate.


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