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2016年6月英语六级词汇理解答案卷一

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2016年06月24日

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  Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter for each item on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

  Pursuing a career is an essential part of adolescent development. "The adolescent becomes an adult when he_____(27)a real job." To cognitive researchers like Piaget, adulthood meant the beginning of an_____(28).

  Piaget argued that once adolescents enter the world of work, their newly acquired ability to from hypotheses allows them to create representations that are too ideal. The_____(29)of such ideals, without the tempering of the reality of a job or profession, rapidly leads adolescents to become_____(30)of the non-idealistic world and to press for reform in a characteristically adolescent way. Piaget said: "True adaptation to society comes_____(31)when the adolescent reformer attempts to put his ideas to work."

  Of course, youthful idealism is often courageous, and no one likes to give up dreams. Perhaps, taken_____(32)out of context, Piaget's statement seems harsh. What he was_____(33), however, is the way reality can modify idealistic views. Some people refer to such modification as maturity. Piaget argued that attaining and accepting a vocation is one of the best ways modify idealized views and to mature.

  As careers and vocations become less available during times of_____(34), adolescents may be especially hard hit. Such difficult economic times may leave many adolescents _____(35)about their roles in society. For this reason, community interventions and government job programs that offer summer and vacation work are not only economically____(36)but also help to stimulate the adolescent's sense of worth.

  【选项】

  A.automatically 自动地;机械地;无意识地

  B.beneficial 有益的

  C.capturing 捕捉

  D.confused 困惑的

  E.emphasizing 强调

  F.entrance 入口

  G.excited 激动的

  H.existence 存在

  I.incidentally 顺便;偶然地

  J.intolerant 无法忍受的

  K.occupation 职业;占有

  L.promises 承诺

  M.recession 衰退;不景气

  N.slightly 轻微的

  O.undertakes 承担;从事

  26. 正确选项 O undertakes

  Undertake是指“承担,着手,开始进行”的意思;Undertakes a real job是指承担一份真正的工作,考察的是对词汇的理解和固定搭配的使用;

  27. 正确选项 K occupation

  Occupation是指“职业,占用”的意思;adulthood meant the beginning of an occupation意思为“成年就意味着开始一份工作”;

  28. 正确选项 H existence

  Existence是指“存在,实在,生存的”意思;the existence of such ideals意思是“这种理想的存在”,是对词汇意思的考察;

  29. 正确选项 J intolerant

  Intolerant指的是“无法忍受的,狭隘的意思”;rapidly leads adolescents to become intolerant of the non-idealistic world 的意思是指“前面的那种理想似的想法会迅速导致青年人无法忍受这非理想化的世界”;

  30. 正确选项 A automatically

  Automatically是指“不经思索地,自然地”,true adaptation to society comes automatically是“自动地去适应社会”;

  31. 正确选项 N slightly

  Slightly是“些微地,轻微地,纤细地”的意思;taken slightly out of context是“有些断章取义的意思”;

  32. 正确选项 E emphasizing

  Emphasizing是emphasize的ing形式,是“强调”的意思;在这里指的是“他所强调的是...”;

  33. 正确选项 M recession

  Recession是“衰退,不景气”的意思;during the time of recession也就是指“在萧条时间”;

  34. 正确选项 D confused

  Confused的意思是“迷茫的,困惑的”;confused about...是指“对...感到困惑,迷茫”;

  35. 正确选项 Bbeneficial

  Beneficial是“有益的,有利的”的意思;economically beneficial指的是“在经济上有利的”。


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