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托福写作例子怎么用

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zhaocongcong

2018年08月14日

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  如果想要观点有力和概念生动形象,就必须要用到例子。一方面好的例子可以使观点更加让人信服,另一方面可以丰富文章内容,不至于都是空洞的论点。针对托福写作来讲,考官比较看重例证比较好的文章。在托福的独立写作当中,考生常用的例子包括两种,一种例子是去描述特别具体的某个人或者某一件事情,这种例子一般比较适合与我们的生活,工作和学习紧密相关的话题。比如“Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Keeping old friends is more important than making new friends.”;第二种例子就是假设一个一般化的例子,通过假设一个场景来说明问题,而这种例子的写法一般比较适合话题比较大的一些话题,比如“Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Land needs to be used to meet human need rather than to protect endangered animals.”今天我们就来展示怎样把这两种例子写好。

  一.具体的例子

  Topic: Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? The students in university should not do any part-time jobs.

  Position: Disagree

  Reason: Doing part-time jobs can intensify our social ability.

  Exemplification: Take myself for example. When I was a fresh man,I found it really hard to get along with people around me. Then I was advised to take a job as a waiter in the restaurant during which I had chances to communicate with different customers, making them satisfied with my “smile” service. After a year, I myself can realize that I have become more outgoing and understanding.

  写一个很具体例子的时候同学们要注意几个问题:

  1、不要写得特别长,写太多就变成了记叙文,而我们的托福独立写作是议论文体;

  2、这种例子一定要和说理分析性的内容结合在一起才能够支撑起来一个主体段。

  二.假设性的例子

  假设性的例子有两点好处。其一就是别人不会怀疑我们写的这个例子的真实性,二就是假设性的例子其实是analytic example,这种伴随着分析的例子其实要更符合托福独立写作的风格,更能够体现一个学生的分析能力与水平,毕竟议论文的特点就是分析和证明。

  Topic:Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? Land needs to be used to meet human need rather than to protect endangered animals.

  Position:Protect endangered animals

  Reason: Another important reason to protect endangered animals is that the delicate ecological balance of an area might be irreparably harmed by their extinction.

  Exemplification: For example, if humans chop down forests and use the land to grow corn, they might simultaneously destroy the habitats of a kind of bird that eats locusts. The next year because the locust population can grow unchecked, locusts might destroy the entire nearby corn crop. Not only do the birds lose their homes, but humans are also harmed. The ecological balance of many natural habitats is still not well understood and humans interfere in it at their peril.

  上一个例子,考生能够感受到假设性的例子的威力。整段文章篇幅短,例子少,但是却非常有效地证明了段首的观点即保护生态平衡的重要性。所以,文章不一定要写很多,但是一定要写好,永远不要忘了,独立写作的灵魂和核心就是去证明一个观点的合理性和说服力,所以你用的手段很重要。


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