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托福作文24分必备的替换词汇(3)

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2018年09月14日

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  3 | 贬义形容词

  3.1 有害的 harmful

  (1) damaging ['dæmɪdʒɪŋ]:造成破坏的;有害的;损害的

  Many chemicals have a damaging effect on the environment.

  许多化学物质都对环境有破坏性的影响。

  (2) ruinous ['ruːɪnəs]:耗资巨大的;无法承担的;破坏性的;导致严重问题的

  The decision has proved to be ruinous.

  事实证明这个决定造成了危害。

  (3) destructive [dɪ'strʌktɪv]:破坏性的;极其危险的

  The city witnessed the destructive force of the storm.

  这座城市遭受了这场暴风雨的巨大破坏力。

  3.2 困难的 difficult

  (1) demanding [dɪ'mɑːndɪŋ]:要求高的;需要高技能(或耐性等)的;费力的;要求极严的

  He found he could no longer cope with his demanding job.

  他发现自己已无力应对这份劳神费力的工作了。

  (2) laborious [lə'bɔːrɪəs]:耗时费力的;辛苦的

  They had the laborious task of cutting down the huge tree.

  他们要完成砍伐大树的艰苦工作。

  (3) formidable ['fɔːmɪdəb(ə)l]:可怕的;令人敬畏的;难对付的

  A formidable prospect lies ahead of him.

  他的前景令人忧惧。

  He took on the formidable task of reforming the whole system.

  他承担起改革整个系统的艰巨任务。

  3.3 无聊的 boring

  (1) dull [dʌl]:枯燥无味的;沉闷的;无聊的;不明亮的

  The conference was deadly dull.

  会议开得死气沉沉的。

  (2) tiresome ['taɪəs(ə)m]:令人厌倦的;无聊的;累人的

  I find it very tiresome doing the same job day after day.

  日复一日做相同的工作让我觉得非常无聊。

  (3) tedious ['tiːdɪəs]:冗长的;啰唆的;单调乏味的;令人厌烦的

  He that can read and meditate will not find his evenings long or life tedious.

  会读书和思考的人不会感到长夜无聊或者生活乏味。

  3.4 忧虑的 worried

  (1) anxious ['æŋ(k)ʃəs]:忧虑的;渴望的;焦急的

  I'm anxious for her to do as little as possible.

  我盼她尽量少干。

  He was anxious about the enormity of the task ahead.

  他为眼前任务的艰巨性而感到焦虑。

  (2) apprehensive [æprɪ'hensɪv] 忧虑的;担心的;疑惧的;恐惧的

  She was deeply apprehensive that something might go wrong.

  她很担心可能要出什么差错。

  The long delay had made me quite apprehensive.

  长时间的耽搁使我相当忧虑。

  (3) fraught [frɔːt] 充满(不愉快事物)的;焦虑的;忧虑的;担心的

  You're looking very fraught, Mildred! Is there anything the matter?

  米尔德丽德!看起来你忧心忡忡,有什么不对劲吗?

  It has been a somewhat fraught day.

  这是令人颇为担忧的一天。

  3.5 沮丧的 sad

  (1)depressed [dɪ'prest] 抑郁的;沮丧的;意志消沉的;患抑郁症的

  The news that he had not pass the exam depressed him a lot.

  没有通过考试的消息让他很沮丧。

  She felt very depressed about the future.

  她感到前途无望。

  (2) gloomy ['gluːmɪ] 黑暗的;阴暗的;幽暗的;忧郁的

  The light is gloomy in the farm house , but the children study very very conscientiously .

  农舍里光线灰暗,但孩子们学习很很认真。

  They found him in gloomy, downbeat mood.

  他们发现他情绪低落,无精打采。

  (3) frustrated [frʌ'streɪtɪd] 挫败的;失意的;受挫折

  The police frustrated the bandit's attempt to rob the bank.

  警方挫败了匪徒抢劫银行的企图。

  3.7 怀疑的 doubtful

  (1) skeptical ['skeptɪkəl] 怀疑地;心存疑惑地;将信将疑地

  However, I encourage you to be skeptical about what I tell you.

  但是,我鼓励你们怀疑我所告诉你们的东西。

  Many were skeptical about this solution.

  许多人对这一解决办法表示怀疑。

  (2) suspicious [sə'spɪʃəs] 感觉可疑的;怀疑的;令人怀疑的;不信任的

  The ingenuous person had never thought of being suspicious of what others told him.

  天真的人从来不会怀疑他人告诉他的话。

  Most organizations are, quite understandably, suspicious of new ideas.

  大多数机构对新想法持怀疑态度,这不难理解。

  (3) incredulous [ɪn'kredjʊləs]

  She gave me an incredulous glance.

  她表示怀疑地向我瞥了一眼。


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