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雅思写作基础句型分析之定语从句

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2019年04月19日

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  定语从句综述:

  在雅思写作这种半书面英语中,定语从句既可以修饰一个名词或部分代词,也可以修饰其前面整句话(这个时候定语从句谓语从句必须是单数哦,而且引导词必须是“,which”)。

  比如:Anything which encourages language learning benefits society culturally and economically. 任何鼓励外语学习的事情有利于社会的文化和经济发展。这句话中的which 修饰不定代词anything。

  再如:children spend much time watching TV,which gives rises to many health problems like obesity and poor eyesight.小孩花大量时间看电视,这样会引起很多健康问题,比如肥胖症以及视力下降。这里的which就在修饰其面整句话(children spend much time watching TV.)

  改造定语从句的3大方法:

  但是这样的句子在大部分的学员作文中出现的比较多,那怎么样让屌丝定语从句逆袭呢。其实有多种方法,今天我们先介绍大家容易掌握的3个方法。

  1:如果定语从句修饰名词,而且定语从句的谓语动词是be动词,也就是N 关系代词BE 形式,这个时候我们可以把关系代词+be动词省略

  比如:

  A vast majority of people who are invited to the party are well-known scientists.

  我们就可以把who are省略,改为:A vast majority of people invited to the party are well-known scientists.

  这样我们就把原来普通的定语从句做定语改为了过去分词(非谓语结构的一种)做定语,而分词在书面英语中是一种常用而且比较书面的语法结构,所以建议想考6分以上的烤鸭们多多使用。

  Employees who are from rural areas will confronted with many problems in major cities.(定语从句做定语)

  Employees from rural areas will confronted with many problems in major cities.(介词短语做定语)

  The number of students who cannot attend university is decreasing.

  The number of students who are unable to have access to tertiary education is decreasing.

  The number of students unable to have access to tertiary education is decreasing.(形容词短语做后置定语)

  再比如:

  Television which has been as one of the most fascinating inventions in the 20th century is now penetrating into every family.

  Television, one of the most fascinating inventions in the 20th century, is now penetrating into every family.(同位语)

  所以当作文中有多出类似的定语从句时,我们可以省略关系代词be动词或者把实意动词转化为be动词之后再省略,这样作文中就可以出现其他语法结构做定语,例如非谓语结构,介词短语,形容词短语,或同位语,而不单单是定语从句。那这样句型是不是就多样化了呢?

  2:如果出现“名词关系代词实意动词”,这个时候我们可以替换为:n doing sth 形式。

  比如:

  Education, which helps children develop their thinking and accumulate their knowledge , is a deciding factor of one's success.

  Education,helping children develop their thinking and accumulate their knowledge , is a deciding factor of one's success.

  We told them they were the victims who deserved sympathy the most.

  We told them they were the victims deserving sympathy the most

  3:如果作文中出现了“,which”修饰其前面整句话的时候怎么改呢?

  A-非谓语结构做状语: SVO, (thus)doing sth

  B-概括性同位语: SVO,a/an 概括性名词that SVO

  比如刚才提到的例句:

  children spend much time watching TV,which gives rises to many health problems like obesity and poor eyesight.

  children spend much time watching TV, giving rises to many health problems like obesity and poor eyesight.

  children spend much time watching TV,a bad habit that gives rises to many health problems like obesity and poor eyesight.


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