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雅思写作高分范文:私家车造成的环境污染问题

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2019年04月22日

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  The rising levels of congestion and air pollution found in most of the world's cities can be attributed directly to the rapidly increasing number of private cars in use. In order to reverse this decline in the quality of life in cities, attempts must be made to encourage people to use their cars less and public transport more.Discuss possible ways to encourage the use of public transport.

  世界上大多数城市日益严重的交通堵塞和空气污染可以直接归因于私家车的快速增加。为了扭转城市生活质量下降的趋势,必须努力鼓励人们少开车,多乘坐公共交通工具。

  讨论鼓励使用公共交通工具的可能方法。

  Model Answer:

  Anyone who lives in a city is aware of the increasing number of cars on the road and the kinds of problems this creates: traffic jams, air pollution and longer commuting periods. As economies grow and access to cars spreads to increasing numbers of people, this trend is likely to worsen. The solution, it would seem, is for governrnment to encourage the use of public transport in urban areas, thus decreasing dependence on the car.

  任何生活在城市的人都知道路上的汽车越来越多,以及由此产生的各种问题:交通堵塞、空气污染和通勤时间延长。随着经济的增长和越来越多的人拥有汽车,这一趋势可能会恶化。看起来,解决办法是政府鼓励在城市地区使用公共交通,从而减少对汽车的依赖。

  One way to stimulate public transport use is to make private car use more expensive and inconvenient. The introduction of tolls along urban motorways has been successfully employed in many cities. Other such measures are high-priced permits for parking in urban areas and the restriction of parking to a limited number of cars. Faced with high costs or no place to park, commuters would perhaps be more willing to abandon their cars in favour of buses or trains.

  刺激公共交通使用的一个方法是提高私家车的使用成本和不便程度。城市高速公路收费的引入在许多城市都取得了成功。其他这类措施包括在城市地区停车的高价许可证和将停车限制在一定数量的汽车。面对高成本或没有停车的地方,通勤者可能更愿意放弃他们的汽车,而选择公共汽车或火车。

  There are also less punishing ways of spurring public transport use. The construction of free car parks at suburban train stations has proven successful in quite a number of countries. This allows commuters to drive part of the way, but take public transport into the central, most congested, urban areas.

  刺激公共交通使用的惩罚措施也较少。郊区火车站免费停车场的建设已在许多国家证明是成功的。这使得通勤者可以在一定程度上驾车,但乘坐公共交通工具进入最拥堵的市中心城区。

  Indeed, making public transport more comfortable and convenient should work to attract more commuters and decrease traffic congestion. Public transport that is convenient and comfortable retains its passengers, much like any business that satisfies its customers. The more commuters committed to taking public transport, the less congestion on city streets.

  事实上,让公共交通更舒适和方便应该能吸引更多的通勤者,减少交通堵塞。便利舒适的公共交通留住了乘客,就像任何让顾客满意的企业一样。乘坐公共交通的通勤者越多,城市街道上的拥堵就越少。


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