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2020年12月英语六级阅读理解答案(网友版)

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2020年12月16日

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  【选词填空】

  【第一套】

  26. C

  It has been driven by fear.

  空格前为现在完成时的被动语态,所以需要动词的-ed形式,根据上文句意,由恐惧所驱使,因此选择driven.

  27. O

  and a sacrifice to protest those most vulnerable to the coronavirus’(冠状病毒) effect.

  空格前为most最高级,所以需要填形容词,空格后为介词to,所以需要一个能与to搭配的形容词,be vulnerable to 容易受到…,能与上下句意搭配,所以选择vulnerable.

  28. E

  life-saving resources would be used up by a malignant epidemic.

  空格前是不定冠词,后面是名词,所以中间应该填写形容词,malignant 致命的,通常用来指疾病,后面是流行病,所以选择malignant.

  29. N

  But social distancing is unique in that

  空格前是系动词,所以需要填表语,形容词或名词,但由于没有冠词,所以需要形容词,根据句意需要填unique独特的。

  30. H

  Those who will benefit may be the elderly relatives of the random person

  空格前是定冠词,后面是名词,所以需要形容词,根据词意选择random随意的

  31. K

  It doesn’t include the temptations to run from society.

  空格前是定冠词the, 所以空格中需要填名词,根据上下文,temptations 诱惑为正确答案。

  32. A

  it offers an amazing opportunity for those who care about the elderly.

  空格前为不定冠词,后面为名词,所以需要形容词。后文的内容是关心/关注老年人,所以是积极正向的形容词,因此选amazing.

  33. D

  if we are not engaged as much in our normal work or school.

  固定表达的考察,be engaged in 参与,从事。

  34. J

  we can also ask elderly relatives how to best support them spiritually

  空格前是完整句子,所以空格中填写副词,根据句意,精神上支持她们,所以选择spiritually.

  35. B

  our community and world closer

  比较级,根据句意,指我们的社区和世界更亲密,所以选closer.

  【第二套】

  26.N

  Hotels in San Francisco are experiencing vacancy rates between 70 and 80 percent.

  此空格后面为名词rates, 考查固定搭配, vacancy rate 表示空缺率。

  27.I

  Universities,now emptying their campuses, have never tried online learning on this scale.

  空格前为定冠词the,所以此空格填名词scale.

  28.F

  asking employees to work from home for the foreseeable future

  空格处所在的句子完整,且空格后为名词future, 所以空格处填形容词。所以填foreseeable,可以预见的。

  29.J

  The pandemic(大流行病)will take lives, strangle economies and destroy routines

  空格处所在的句子为并列结构,并列后为destroy routines, 所以空格处填动词原形。再根据句意,填strangle,妨碍,阻止。

  30.G

  despite technologists’ predictions to the contrary

  空格前为名词的所有格形式 technologists’,所以空格处填名词prediction,预测。

  31.D

  Small disruptions create small social shifts

  空格前为形容词small,说明此空格缺名词,再结合句意,小的______创造小的社会转变,所以填名词,disruptions, 扰乱。

  32.B

  the New York transit strike of 1980 is credited with prompting several long-term changes.

  空格前为is, 后面是介词with,所以考查固定搭配。be credited with,把…归功于

  33.H

  this might not even be a question of preference

  空格前为介词of, 所以填名词。

  34.M

  it’s not clear that the cruise industry will survive

  空格前为will,所以填动词原形,再结合句意,目前还不清楚邮轮行业能否_______survive,存活。

  35.E

  or that public transit won’t go broke without federal assistance.

  空格处所在的句子完整,且在名词assistance之前,所以填形容词。federal,联邦的。

  【第三套】

  26.A

  it offers the possibility of a double benefit—discouraging harmful activities.

  此空格前面为一个完整的句子,且空格后句子不完整,故填非谓语。

  27.E

  which reduces excessive drinking and impaired driving

  空格前为并列结构,且空格后为名词短语过度饮酒,所以填形容词 impaired.

  28.J

  have proven instrumental in the decline of smoking...

  此空格需要根据句意来判断

  29.N

  because companies that pump carbon dioxide into the sky

  空格所在的句子为定语从句,且从句缺谓语,主语是companies,故填动词原形pump,喷射。

  30.G

  carbon taxes would restore the proper incentives to the market...

  空格前为形容词,所以空格处填名词。incentive,动机。

  31.M

  which would probably be hundreds of billions of dollars per year...

  空格处为完整的句子,且空格前为情态动词,空格后为be动词,所以填副词,probably,或许,可能。

  32.B

  handed out to citizens as a dividend or used to fund...

  空格前为不定冠词a, 所以空格处填单数名词,dividend,奖金。

  33.L

  some experts predict will be over 4$ trillion per decades

  空格所在的句子缺少谓语,且主语为experts,所以填动词原形 predict

  34.H

  if you believe, as many do, that wealth inequality is inherently bad.

  空格处为完整的句子,且空格前为系动词is,所以填副词inherently,内在地,固有地。

  35.O

  then these taxes improve society while also swelling government coffers.

  空格前为完整的句子,且空格后句子不完整,故填非谓语,swelling,增强。

  【长篇阅读】

  【第一套】 文章开头:The Challenges for Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture

  36-40 DLENF 41-45 QHCKM

  36. Farmers will not profit from replanting once they have applied most of the fertilizer and other chemicals to their fields.

  37. Agriculture differs from the medical science of the human body in that its environment is not a contained one.

  38. The agronomist is sure that he will obtain a near accurate count of plant with his software.

  39.The application of artificial intelligence to agriculture is much more challenging than to most other industries.

  40. Even the farmers know the data provided by the UAV is not correct.

  41. The pressure for quick results leads to product failure, which, in turn, arouses doubts about the applicability of AI technology to agriculture.

  42. Remote sensors are aimed to help farmers improve decision-making to increase yields.

  43. The farmer expects the software to tell him whether he will have to replant any parts of his farm fields.

  44. Agriculture proves very difficult to quantify because of the constantly changing conditions involved.

  45. The same seed and fertilizer program may yield completely different outcomes in different places.

  36.定位句【D】At this growth stage of the plant's development, the farmer has another 10 days to conduct any replanting before the majority of his fertilizer and chemical applications need to occur.

  37. 定位句【L】By comparison, our bodies are a contained environment. Agriculture takes place in nature, among ecosystems of interacting organisms and activity, and crop production takes place within that ecosystem environment. But these ecosystems are not contained.

  38.定位句【E】the agronomist feels confident that the software will produce a near accurate result.

  39.定位句【N】the problem is that in most cases, no two environments will be exactly alike, which makes the testing, validation and successful rollout of such technologies much more laborious than in most other industries.

  40.定位句【F】he knows the instant he sees the data on his screen that the plant count is not correct,

  41.定位句【Q】This usually results in a failure of a product, which leads to skepticism from the market and delivers a blow to the integrity of Machine Learning technology.

  42.定位句【H】And the aim is that farmers can use this artificial intelligence to achieve their goal of a better harvest through making better decisions in the field.

  43.定位句【C】 It's been 10 days since the com emerged and the farmer wants to determine if there are any parts of the field that require replanting due to a lack of emergence or wind damage, which can be severe in the early stages of the summer rainy season.

  44.定位句【K】Even within a single field, conditions are always changing from one section to the next. There's unpredictable weather, changes in soil quality, and the ever-present possibility that pests and diseases may pay a visit. Growers may feel their prospects are good for an upcoming harvest, but until that day arrives, the outcome will always be uncertain.

  45.定位句【M】What may occur with the same seed and fertilizer program in the United States' Midwest region is almost certainly unrelated to what may occur with the same seed and fertilizer program in Australia or South Africa

  【第二套】

  36-45 E I C K C 41-45 G A F I B

  【仔细阅读】

  【第一套】

  Passage One

  文章开头:What is the place of art in a culture of inattention?

  答案速查:46-50 BACBC

  试题、选项及定位:

  46. What does the scene at the Louvre demonstrate according to the author?

  B) The near impossibility of appreciating art in an age of mass tourism.

  47. Why did the late philosopher Richard Wollheim spend four hours before a picture?

  A) It takes time to appreciate a piece of art fully.

  48. What does the case of the Uffizi in Florence show?

  C) Good management is key to handling large crowds of visitors.

  49. What do we learn from Olafur Eliasson’s current Tate Modern show?

  B) It is possible to combine entertainment with appreciation of serious art.

  50. What can art do according to Marcel Proust?

  C) Help us to see the world from a different perspective.

  Passage Two

  文章开头:Every five years, the government tries to tell...

  答案速查:51-55 DADCB

  试题、选项及定位:

  51. Why are some researchers irritated at the USDA’s 2016-2020 Dietary Guidelines?

  D) It takes no notice of the potential impact on the environment.

  52. Why does the author say the USDA could have contributed a lot to lowering the climate cost through its dietary guidelines?

  A) It has the capacity and the financial resources to do so.

  53. What do we learn from the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee’s scientific report?

  D) Farming consumes most of our natural resources.

  54. What may account for the neglect of sustainability in the USDA’s Dietary Guidelines according to the author?

  C) Its close ties with the agriculture companies.

  55. What should the USDA do to achieve food security according to David Wallinga?

  B) Endeavor to ensure the sustainable development of agriculture.

  【第二套】

  Passage One

  文章开头:Why does social media...

  46-50 CACAD

  Why lifelong learning is the international passport to success

  答案 36-45 HEBKI CJNFM

  46. C) It may make us feel isolated and incompetent.

  47. A) They do not find all their online friends trustworthy.

  48. C) Paint a rosy picture of other people's lives.

  49. A) They should record the memorable moments in people's lives.

  50. D) Strengthen ties with real-life friends instead of caring about their online images.

  Passage Two

  文章开头:Imagine that an alien species landed on Earth...

  答案速查:51-55 ADBBC

  51. A) Ruining their culture.

  52. D) Different chimp groups differ in their way of communication.

  53. B) Chimp behavior becomes less varied with the increase of human activity.

  54. B) Make efforts to preserve each individual chimp community.

  55. C) Conserve animal species in a novel and all-round way.

  【第三套】

  Passage One

  Vegetarians would prefer not to be compelled to eat meat.

  46-50 BCBDA

  46. B) People’s reluctance to be compelled to eat plant-based food.

  47. C) Make them even more undernourished.

  48. B) Many people simply do not have access to foods they prefer.

  49. D) It may worsen the nourishment problem in low-income countries.

  50. A) It accepts them at the expense of the long-term interests of its people.

  Passage Two

  文章开头:Back in 1964, in his book ...

  答案速查:CDADC

  51. C) They constantly dismiss others’ proposals while taking no responsibility for tackling the problem.

  52. D) A distinction should be drawn between responsibility and fault.

  53. A) Stop them from going further by agreeing with them.

  54. D) They are encouraged to start arguing back.

  55. C) Assuming responsibility to free oneself.


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