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六级阅读填空习题 Passage 10

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2022年07月14日

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The desire to venture into unexplored “landscape” guides the direction of new genres. With the advent of the Internet, information-based technology has enabled artists to investigate a new art form, a cerebral(大脑的)“medium for creative expression”, web art. Web art surfaced in the mid-1990s to receive, almost immediately, much support and encouragement by museums, foundations and other traditional institutions. Institutions such as the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the Whitney Museum of Art, as well as the Dia Foundation and the Walker Art Center have openly accepted this new genre of art through purchasing web art for permanent collections, funding web art projects and creating exhibitions solely comprised of web based media. Even though the fast-developing art medium is in its infancy and the “criteria for artistic evaluation are still being developed”, curators, critics and the art public have not only embraced the web aesthetic but the conceptual elements encoded within as well.

The phenomenon of acceptance and support enjoyed by such an emerging art form can be assertively attributed to our culture in general, but more specifically the underlying ideas manifested over time through postmodernism. Postmodernism gave birth to “conceptual art”, an art practice which suggested that the art had traversed from object to idea, from a tangible thing to a“system of thought”. Technology has created a new reproductive medium, which by its very nature confirms the ideas and canons of postmodernism both aesthetically as well as contextually, even more absolutely than photography. Web art has enabled the artist to interrogate the conventional codes embedded in the materiality of the art and thus transcend traditional stylistic conventions. The movement and ideals of postmodernism systematically dismantled the values created by the formalist establishment. Formal values, which governed art throughout modernism, concerning originality, uniqueness, authenticity, autonomy, transcendence and aesthetic quality, were questioned and thus deconstructed by art theorists who embraced the writings of Roland Barthes, Jacques Derrida and Walter Benjamin.

The format and content of web art concisely encompass the postmodern concept of representation and the ideas of copy vs. original, artist vs. viewer, spatial vs. temporal and visual vs. verbal. The very characteristics of the web medium such as infinite reproducibility, interpretive interactivity, non-physicality, and coded language, contribute to the affirmation of these postmodern concerns. The parallel between postmodern theory and a pure art form that coherently echoes its concepts, manifests the acceptance of web art into the microcosmic art community as well as the larger, info-driven society.

1. According to the passage, “landscape” (Line 1, Para. 1) refers to _____ which is achieved by information-based technology.

2. People in the field of art have accepted both the web aesthetic and _____ of the new-born web art.

3. Conceptual art, which refers to a new art form that transforms object or tangible thing into a conceptual form, is created by _____.

4. According to the passage, what is the function of the movement and ideals of postmodernism?

5. According to the passage, what are the features of web art that help to affirm the postmodern concerns?

文章精要:

文章描述了网络艺术与后现代主义之间的关系。网络艺术能够迅速地得到大家的认可和支持要归功于后现代主义,因为网络艺术符合后现代主义所倡导的用意念来表达物体的“概念艺术”。同时,网络艺术肯定了后现代主义的一些特性,如:无限重复创造性、互动性等。

答案解析:

1. web art

推断题。由题干关键词landscape定位到文章第一段。第一段提到“探知未知领域的‘风景’促使了一种新的艺术形式的产生”。随后,作者进一步解释,随着网络时代的到来,逐渐产生的新艺术形式就是“网络艺术”。由此可推断,这里landscape所指的新艺术形式就是web art。

2. the conceptual elements

细节题。由题干关键词web aesthetic定位到第一段最后一句话。原句是由not only...but引导的句子“即使这种快速发展的艺术媒体处于初期阶段,‘艺术评价的标准'依然在发展,收藏馆馆长、批评家和艺术大众不仅支持网络美学,而且也支持其中所包含的概念元素”,这说明连词前后的内容都应属于人们能接受的范围,故答案应为the conceptual elements。

3. postmodernism

细节题。由题干关键词conceptual art定位到文章第二段,第二句话明确提到Postmodernism gave birth to “conceptual art”,即“后现代主义促成了‘概念艺术’的产生”,原文中的give birth to相当于题干中的create。由此可知此题的答案应为postmodernism。

4. They dismantled the values created by the formalist establishment.

细节题。根据题干中的the movement and ideals of postmodernism定位到第二段后半部分。原文意为“后现代主义运动和理念系统地拆除了形式主义所建立的价值观”,由此可知这就是后现代主义运动和理念的作用。

5. Infinite reproducibility, interpretive interactivity, non-physicality, and coded language.

细节题。根据题干中的postmodern concerns定位到最后一段。倒数第二句提到,网络媒介的一些特点,如:无限重复创造性、互动性、非物质性以及编码语言,肯定了后现代主义所关注的内容,由此可得出答案。

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