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2014年英语六级考试复习必备翻译精选题(2)

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  孙子兵法》是中国古代最伟大的军事理论著作,也是中国古籍在世界上影响最为广泛的著作之一。它所阐述的谋略思想和哲学思想,被广泛地运用于军事、政治、经济等各领域中。《孙子兵法》的作者孙武总结春秋时期的战争经验,揭示了一系列带普遍性的军事规律,提出了一套完整的军事理论体系。《孙子兵法》共13篇,每篇一个主题。比如《谋攻》篇讲述如何进攻敌国。孙武主张以尽可能小的代价,去取得最大的成功,力求不战而胜,他指出:用兵的上策首先是以政治谋略取胜,其次是用外交手段,再次是使用武力,下策才是攻城。

  参考翻译:

  The Art of War is one of most famous works onmilitary theory of ancient China.It is also one of themost influential Chinese ancient books in theworld.It elaborates on strategic and philosophicthinking which have been applied widely to variousfields,such as military,politics,economy,etc.Its author,Sun Wu,summed up the experience ofwars in the Spring and Autumn period,showing a series of universal laws of military.At last,heput forward an integrated system of military theory.The book is divided into thirteenchapters,and each chapter has a topic.For example,the chapter titled The Strategic Attack tellsus how to attack enemies.Sun Wu advocated that we should achieve the biggest success at apossibly minimum cost,and even sometimes made it without war.He pointed out that there werefour ways to win a war:the best was political strategy,the second diplomacy,the thirdforce,and the worst attacking a city.


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