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常用英语词典之学校生活

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2021年01月19日

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常用英语词典一般是将英语词汇按某种顺序排列并加以解释供人检查参考的工具书,但实际生活中我们更习惯按照生活场景来进行词汇输出。下面是小编整理的关于常用英语词典之学校生活的资料,内容比较适合用来日常练习,希望对你有所帮助!

子话题(一) 学习过程与学习结果

1.学习过程

①prepare vt. 准备

②revise/review vt. 复习

③revision n. 复习

④instruction n. 教导,指导

⑤explanation n. 解释

⑥presentation n. 呈现;演示

⑦comprehension n. 理解

⑧analyze vt. 分析

⑨summarize vt. 概括,总结

⑩discuss vt. 讨论

⑪debate vt.& vi. 辩论,争论

⑫creativity n. 创造性

⑬repeat vi.& vt. 重做;背诵

⑭memorize vt. 记忆

⑮assignment n. 作业

⑯check vt. 检查,核对

⑰figure out 理解;明白

⑱take in 理解;吸收

⑲turn/hand in 上交

⑳go over 复习

refer to 参考,查阅;提到,涉及,有关

team up with 与……合作,与……协作

make an effort to do sth. 努力去做某事

spare no effort to do sth. 不遗余力去做某事

get (sth.) across to sb. 让某人理解(某物)

go through 浏览;翻阅

be absorbed/buried/occupied in 全神贯注于……,专心致志于……

concentrate (oneself) on/focus (one’s attention) on

全神贯注于……

do/make/perform/carry out an experiment

做实验

come to/reach/draw a conclusion

得出结论

2.学习结果

①attain/obtain/gain/acquire vt. 获得

②achievement n. 成绩,成就,功绩

③improve vt. 提高,改进

④degree n. 学位

⑤scholarship n. 奖学金

⑥diploma n. 毕业文凭;学位证书

⑦qualification n. 资格

⑧achieve success 获得成功

⑨make progress 取得进步

⑩pay off 取得成功

⑪catch up with 赶上

⑫achieve one’s ambitions 实现某人的志向

⑬make it 通过,成功

⑭have a good command/knowledge of

精通……

⑮live up to one’s expectations

达到某人的期望

子话题(二) 考试、评估与学校类型

1.考试与评估

①examination n.        考试

②quiz n. 小测验

③assessment n. 评估

④mark/score n. 分数

⑤grade n. 分数

vt. 评分

⑥the College Entrance Examination 高考

⑦cheat in the exam 考试作弊

⑧pass/get through the exam 通过考试

⑨fail the exam 考试不及格

⑩get high/full marks 得高分/满分

⑪academic achievement/performance 学习成绩

⑫make up the exam 补考

2.学校类型

①nursery school 托儿所

②primary/elementary school 小学

③secondary school 中学

④junior high school       初中

⑤senior high school 高中

⑥attached middle school 附中

⑦technical school 技校

⑧key school 重点学校

⑨college n. 大学,学院

⑩university n. 大学

⑪institute n. 学院,研究院

⑫graduate school 研究生院

⑬private school 私立学校

⑭public school 公立学校

子话题(三) 教学管理与课程

1.教学管理

①register vt.& vi. 登记,注册

n. 登记簿,花名册

②timetable n. 课程表,日程表

③routine n.           常规

④discipline n. 纪律

⑤remove/dismiss vt. 开除

⑥on schedule 按时

⑦be admitted to/into 被……录取

⑧sign up for 注册,报名,参加

⑨ask for leave 请假

⑩be absent from 缺席……

⑪be present at 出席……

⑫graduate from 毕业于……

⑬be strict with 对……要求严格

⑭obey/observe/keep to the school rules/regulations

遵守学校规章制度

⑮skip the class 逃课

⑯drop out of the school 辍学

2.课程

①geography n. 地理学

②psychology n. 心理学

③biology n. 生物学

④biochemistry n. 生物化学

⑤architecture n. 建筑学

⑥botany n. 植物学

⑦geometry n. 几何学

⑧algebra n. 代数

⑨arithmetic n. 算术

⑩major n. 主修科目

vi. 主修(in),专攻

adj. 主要的;主修的(课程)

⑪subject/course n. 课程,科目

⑫curriculum n. (学校的)全部课程

⑬compulsory course 必修课

⑭optional course 选修课

⑮science course 理科课程

⑯arts course 文科课程

子话题(四) 师生员工与学校设施

1.教职员工

①educator n.         教育工作者,教育家

②instructor n. 教师,教员;讲师

③professor n. 教授

④tutor n. 家庭教师,私人教师,导师

⑤librarian n. 图书管理员;(西方的)图书馆馆长

⑥headmaster n. (英)中小学校长

⑦headmistress n. 女校长

⑧president n. 大学校长

⑨headteacher n. 中小学班主任

⑩staff n. 全体员工

2.学生

①junior n. 低年级生

②senior n. 高年级生

③classmate n. 同班同学

④schoolmate n. 校友

⑤monitor n. 班长

⑥school­leaver n. (英)中学毕业生

⑦graduate n. 大学毕业生

⑧postgraduate n. 研究生

⑨master n. 硕士

⑩doctor n. 博士

⑪post­doctor n. 博士后

⑫subject representative 课代表

3.学校设施

①campus n. 校园

②construction n. 建筑物

③lab=laboratory n. 实验室

④library n. 图书馆,图书室

⑤canteen n. 餐厅;食堂

⑥dorm=dormitory n. 学生宿舍

⑦playground n. 操场,运动场

⑧platform n. 讲台

⑨computer room 微机室

⑩multi­media classroom 多媒体教室

⑪conference room 会议室

⑫lecture theatre 阶梯教室

子话题(五) 学校活动

1.活动类型

①competition n. 比赛,竞赛

②opening ceremony 开学典礼

③graduation ceremony 毕业典礼

④sports meeting 运动会

⑤a spring outing 踏青

⑥parent­teacher conference 家长会

⑦social investigation 社会调查

⑧after­school activities 课外活动

⑨social practice 社会实践

⑩summer camp 夏令营

2.参与

①volunteer n.         义工,志愿者

vi. 无偿做

②compete vi. 竞赛;竞争

③attend vt. 参加,出席

④get together 聚会

⑤go in for 参加,从事,对……感兴趣

⑥deliver/give/make a speech 发表演讲

⑦be/get involved in 参与;牵涉进

⑧volunteer to do sth. 自愿做某事

⑨participate in 参加

⑩take an active part in 积极参加

3.收获与感受

①praise n.& vt. 表扬,赞扬

②award n.& vt. 奖;奖项;奖励

③reward n.& vt. 奖励;回报;报酬

④prize n. 奖,奖金

⑤refreshed adj. 提神的

⑥relaxed adj. 放松的

⑦keep up one’s spirits 保持高昂的情绪

⑧widen/expand/broaden one’s horizons

开阔某人的视野

⑨enrich one’s knowledge 丰富某人的知识

⑩enhance one’s confidence 增强某人的自信心

⑪inspire one’s interest 激发某人的兴趣

⑫shape one’s character 塑造某人的性格

1.We should not confine ourselves to the classroom. We ought to go out of the classroom, see the outside world and become a well­rounded student.

我们不应把自己束缚在教室内,所以我们应当走出教室,看一看外面的世界,成为一个全面发展的学生。

2.The dream of going to the first­class university attracts us greatly and we have made up our minds to achieve it.

上一流大学的梦想很吸引我们,所以我们已下定决心来实现它。

3.You can join other students in playing ball games or swimming. It will be a lot of fun.

你可以和其他同学一起打球或游泳,那会很有趣。

4.If we have difficulties, we can turn to our teachers and classmates for help.

如果我们有困难,我们可以向我们的老师和同学寻求帮助。

5.At school, all the teachers work very hard. They encourage us to build up our confidence and inspire us to improve our study.

在学校,所有的老师工作都非常努力,他们鼓励我们树立信心并且激励我们提高学习成绩。

6.With the help of our English teacher, we had a discussion and finally came up with the proper solution.

在英语老师的帮助下,我们进行了讨论并最终提出了合适的解决方案。

7.When they take part in an international summer camp, Chinese students are given the chance to go abroad, meet new people and get involved in all sorts of activities.

当中国学生参加国际夏令营时,他们会得到出国的机会,见一见新面孔,参加各种各样的活动。

8.Every time before an examination, I am so upset. I’m afraid I may fail the exam and can’t live up to my teacher’s expectations.

每次考试前我都非常烦躁,害怕考试不及格而辜负了老师的期望。

9.At the same time, students should be encouraged to develop good habits and behave themselves better.

同时应该鼓励学生养成良好的习惯以及表现得更得体。

10.I hold the firm belief that with the joint efforts of both teachers and students, our school will become a more enjoyable place in the near future.

我坚信在师生的共同努力下,我们的学校在不久的将来会变成一个更加宜人的地方。

(2016·石家庄高三质检)假定你是星光中学的高中毕业生李华,母校将为高一新生举办主题为“What to learn in senior high school?”的英语沙龙活动,特邀请你结合自身经历谈谈自己的体会。请根据以下提纲准备一份100词左右的英语发言稿。

1.学会学习:方法、习惯等;

2.学会做人:真诚、友善等;

3.其他方面:考生自拟。

[范文必背]

Good morning, everyone! ①I feel honored to be here to share with you my opinions on what to learn in senior high school.

In the coming three years, your school life will be challenging. Firstly, you should learn to learn efficiently. Personally, I used to try effective methods to achieve my academic goals. Developing a good habit is also of importance. It really benefited me a lot to preview lessons, get actively involved in class and review what had been taught after class.

In addition, you should learn how to get along with others in school. I respected teachers and was friendly with classmates. ②We created a harmonious atmosphere with sincerity and faithfulness.

Finally, you should take part in sports and other outdoor activities frequently. They are very helpful to build up your body and enrich your school life.

No pains, no gains. I am sure that with your great efforts, you will enjoy a colorful and fruitful life here.

Thank you!

[佳句演练]

(1)把句①改为it作形式主语的复合句

It_is_my_honor_to_be_here to share with you my opinions on what to learn in senior high school.

(2)用强调句型对句②加黑部分进行强调

It_was_with_sincerity_and_faithfulness_that we created a harmonious atmosphere.


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