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常用英语词典之文化交流与社交礼仪

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2021年01月23日

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常用英语词典一般是将英语词汇按某种顺序排列并加以解释供人检查参考的工具书,但实际生活中我们更习惯按照生活场景来进行词汇输出。下面是小编整理的关于常用英语词典之文化交流与社交礼仪的资料,内容比较适合用来日常练习,希望对你有所帮助!

子话题(一) 文化交流

①heritage n. 遗产

②symbol n. 象征

③cultural exchange 文化交流

④cultural background 文化背景

⑤cultural shock 文化冲击

⑥cross­cultural communication 跨文化交流

⑦multicultural society 多元文化社会

⑧cultural diversity 文化差异

⑨cultural conflict 文化冲突

⑩cultural relics 文物

⑪local culture 本土文化

⑫mass culture 大众文化

⑬traditional culture 传统文化

⑭mainstream culture 主流文化

⑮traditional values 传统价值观

⑯spiritual civilization 精神文明

⑰humane historical sites 人文历史遗址

⑱local customs and practices 风土人情

⑲national identity and value 民族认同和价值观

⑳remove prejudice and misunderstanding

消除偏见和误解

子话题(二) 社交礼仪

①appearance n. 仪表

②gesture n. 仪态

③occasion n. 场合

④formal adj. 正式的

⑤informal adj. 非正式的

⑥casual adj. 随意的

⑦manner n. 方式,态度,举止

⑧rank n. 职衔,军衔

⑨status n. 地位,身份

⑩title n. 头衔

⑪custom n. 风俗

⑫conversation n. 谈话,交谈

⑬behave vt. 守规矩,行为

⑭behavior n. 行为,举止

⑮respond vi. 回答,回应,作出反应

⑯embarrass vt. 使窘迫,尴尬

⑰awkward adj. 令人尴尬的,使人难堪的

⑱impolite adj. 不礼貌的

⑲social adj. 社会的,社交的

⑳punctual adj. 准时的

body language 身势语

eye contact 眼神交流

facial expression 面部表情

face to face 面对面

put up with 忍受

turn down 拒绝

turn up 出现,到达,来到

make an appointment with sb. 与某人约会

have an appointment with sb. 与某人有个约会

make an impression on ... 给……深刻印象

1.I don’t have a good command of English, especially spoken English, so I’m afraid I’ll have difficulty fitting in very soon.

我不精通英语,尤其是口语,恐怕我很难在短期内适应。

2.I’m delighted to hear that you will come to our school as an exchange student next term.

得知你下学期作为交换生到我校学习我非常高兴。

3.I’ve been longing to go to America, mainly for two reasons. One is that I can experience American culture, which is believed to be the most diverse in the world. The other is that I can broaden my horizons in this developed country.

我一直盼望去美国,主要有两个原因。其一是我能够体验美国文化,它被认为是世界上最多样化的。其二是我能够在这个发达国家开拓视野。

4.It is different kinds of foods and snacks that give you the chance to experience abundant Chinese food culture.

各种各样的食物和小吃让你有机会体验中国丰富多样的饮食文化。

5.I attach great importance to English study outside the classroom and I often turn to the website EnjoyReading for help,where I read a great number of articles about English and Western culture.

我非常重视课堂以外的英语学习,经常求助EnjoyReading网站,在这个网站上阅读大量的关于英语和西方文化的文章。

6.What strikes me most is that British middle schools attach great importance to students’ ability of practice.

给我印象最深的是英国中学对学生的实践能力非常重视。

(2016·郑州高三一模)假如你是李华,你的英国笔友Andrew不久前去美国留学,他给你写信说很不适应那里的生活。请你根据以下提示用英语给他写一封回信,鼓励他勇敢面对。

1.尊重当地的风俗习惯;

2.与美国学生多交流;

3.积极参加户外活动;

4.注意与人交往时的礼仪。

注意:1.词数100左右,开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数;

2.可根据内容要点适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear Andrew,

How nice to hear from you again!______________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________________

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

[范文必背]

Dear Andrew,

How nice to hear from you again!I think it is natural for you not to get used to the life there. ①Here I have some suggestions for you.

First of all, you should respect the local customs there and try to involve yourself in the natives’ lives. Just as the saying goes, “When in Rome, do as the Romans do.” Secondly, don’t be afraid to communicate with American students and make friends with them.Friendship will bring you happiness.What’s more, it is better for you to join in more outdoor activities with your friends, which may help you relax and have fun. ②Finally, mind your own manners and remain modest and honest when getting along with your friends.

I do hope my suggestions will help. May you adapt to your new life and enjoy your stay there.

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua


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