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常用英语词典之社会交往

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2021年01月24日

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常用英语词典一般是将英语词汇按某种顺序排列并加以解释供人检查参考的工具书,但实际生活中我们更习惯按照生活场景来进行词汇输出。下面是小编整理的关于常用英语词典之社会交往的资料,内容比较适合用来日常练习,希望对你有所帮助!

子话题(一) 问候、介绍与打电话

1.问候与介绍

①regards n. 问候,致意

②respects n. 敬意

③greet vt. 问候;向……致敬

④greeting n. 问候,打招呼

⑤introduction n. 介绍,引进

⑥introduce ...to ... 把……介绍给……

2.打电话

①dial vt.& vi. 拨(电话号码)

②phone=telephone vt. 打电话

③ring up 打电话

④call up 打电话给,号召

⑤answer the phone 接电话

⑥get through 打通(电话),做完

⑦hang on (打电话时)不挂断,等待片刻

⑧ring back 回电话

⑨hang up 挂断电话

⑩ring off 挂断电话

子话题(二) 帮助、拒绝与感谢

1.帮助

①aid n.& vt. 援助;救护;辅助器具

②assist vt. 帮助,协助

③assistance n. 帮助,援助,支持

④helpful adj. 有帮助的,有益的

⑤do sb.a favour/do a favour for sb.

帮某人一个忙

⑥ask a favour of sb. 请求某人帮忙

⑦help out 帮助……克服困境

2.拒绝

①refuse vt.& vi. 拒绝,不愿

②reject vt. 拒绝

③decline vt. 拒绝

④turn down 拒绝

3.感谢

①appreciate vt. 感谢,感激

②acknowledge vt. 答谢

③grateful adj. 感激的,感谢的

④thankful adj. 感谢的,感激的

⑤owe ... to ... 把……归功于……

⑥be grateful to sb.for/be thankful to sb.for/thank sb.for

因……感激/感谢某人

子话题(三) 邀请、告别、祝贺与祝愿

1.邀请与告别

①invite vt. 邀请

②welcome vt. 欢迎,迎接

③part vi. 分离;分开

④departure n. 离开,出发

⑤see sb.off 为某人送行

⑥wave sb.good­bye 向某人挥手告别

2.祝贺与祝愿

①congratulation n. 祝贺,庆贺

②congratulate vt. 祝贺

③congratulate sb.on sth. 因某事恭喜某人

④wish sb. a pleasant journey 祝某人旅途愉快

子话题(四) 建议、命令、要求、警告与禁止

1.建议、命令与要求

①suggest vt. 建议,提议

②suggestion n. 建议

③order vt. 命令

④command n.& vt. 命令

⑤demand vt. 要求

⑥force vt. 强迫,迫使

2.警告与禁止

①warn vt. 警告

②caution n. 警告,谨慎,小心

③ban n. 禁令

vt. 禁止;取缔

④prohibit vt. 禁止

⑤forbid vt. 禁止,不许

⑥ban sb.from doing sth.=prohibit sb.from doing sth.

禁止某人做某事

⑦watch out 当心

子话题(五) 道歉与原谅

①apologize vi. 道歉

②apology n. 道歉;歉意

③pardon n. 原谅,宽恕,对不起

④excuse vt. 原谅;宽恕

n. 借口;辩解

⑤forget it 没关系

⑥apologize to sb.for (doing) sth.= make an apology to sb.for (doing) sth. 因某事向某人道歉

1.We are expected to say “Thanks” when people help us, and make an apology with “Sorry”.

当人们帮助我们时我们应该说声“谢谢”,道歉时说声“对不起”。

2.He is generous with his time in offering help to us, for which we feel grateful.

他毫不吝啬自己的时间,主动为我们提供帮助,为此我们都对他感激不尽。

3.To avoid such conflicts, we should be kind to one another, which is essential to enjoying a harmonious life.

为了避免这样的冲突,我们应该彼此友好,这是享有和谐生活的必要条件。

4.It is also a virtue to forgive and forget, especially in such a competitive and stressful society.

原谅和宽恕也是一种美德,尤其是在这样充满竞争和压力的社会。

5.Instead of blaming each other, we should communicate more and put ourselves in others place, which can help us have a better understanding of others.

不要彼此责备,我们应该多交流,从对方角度考虑,这将有助于我们更好地了解别人。

6.The majority of students believe that interest will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job market.

大部分学生相信,兴趣会使他们有更多机会发展人际交往能力,而这对他们未来找工作是非常有好处的。

7.In my opinion, this relationship should be filled with love, care, understanding, and respect, so we can exchange ideas freely and get along well with each other.

我认为,这种关系应该充满爱、关心、理解和尊重,因此我们能够自由地交换观点,并且能够相处融洽。

8.Im sorry to have quarrelled with you about knocking you down the day before yesterday. I feel that it’s improper for me to do that, so I make a sincere apology to you and hope that you will forgive me.

非常抱歉前天因撞倒你与你吵架,我认为那样做不合适,因此我向你真诚地道歉并希望你原谅我。

(2016·银川二中高三一模)假如你是李华,你的英国笔友John来信说,他的同桌经常打断他,向他请教问题,他担心这会影响自己的学习。请你用英语写一封回信。内容包括:

1.给别人讲题也会提升自己;

2.人人都有长处和不足,可以互相学习;

3.帮助别人学习可以使他们树立自信,从而增进友谊。

注意:1.词数100左右;

2.包括所有要点,内容可适当发挥。

[范文必背]

Dear John,

How are things going? In your last letter you talked about your recent worry about your studies,mentioning that your deskmate often interrupted you by asking questions. Now I would like to share my opinion with you.

First of all, there is no need to worry about your studies. ①When you explain something to others, you can get a better understanding of it, which can improve yourself greatly.So it is good for you.Secondly, as we all know, everyone has strengths and weaknesses. ②Though your deskmate is bad at lessons, he might do well in other fields like sports or art.Therefore, you can learn from each other. In addition, top students can help others gain confidence by helping them with their lessons, which may help develop a friendship that both of you will treasure all your life.

I hope my advice can help. And best luck with your learning.

Yours,

Li Hua


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