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2024雅思听力训练 09

所属教程:雅思听力训练

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2024年06月11日

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雅思听力在考试中占据着重要的地位,时常用听力材料来磨耳朵可以不断巩固大脑的英语语言能力。以下是雅思听力材料,您可以结合MP3和下方的原文及翻译进行听力学习。

听力原文及翻译

That seminar yesterday on automation and the future of work was really good, wasn't it? Looking at the first industrial revolution in Britain in the 19th century and seeing how people reacted to massive change was a real eye-opener. Yes, it was interesting to hear how people felt about automation then and what challenges they faced. I didn't know that first started with workers in the textile industry, with those protesting workers called the Luddites destroying their knitting machines because they were so worried about losing their jobs. Yes, and ultimately they didn't achieve anything, and anyway, industrialization created more jobs than it destroyed. Yes, that's true, but it probably didn't seem a positive thing at the time. I can see why the Luddites felt so threatened. I know I'm sure I would have felt the same. The discussion about the future of work was really optimistic for a change. I like the idea that work won't involve doing boring, repetitive tasks as robots will do all that. Normally you only hear negative stuff about the future. Bit too optimistic, don't you think? 

昨天关于自动化和未来工作的研讨会真的很棒,不是吗?回顾 19 世纪英国的第一次工业革命,看看人们对巨大变化的反应,真是令人大开眼界。是的,听到当时人们对自动化的看法以及他们面临的挑战很有趣。我不知道这首先是从纺织行业的工人开始的,那些被称为卢德分子的抗议工人因为担心失去工作而破坏了他们的针织机。是的,最终他们什么也没做成,而且无论如何,工业化创造的就业机会比它摧毁的要多。是的,这是真的,但当时可能看起来不是一件好事。我明白为什么卢德分子感到如此威胁。我知道我肯定会有同样的感受。关于工作未来的讨论确实很乐观。我喜欢这个想法,即工作不会涉及做无聊、重复的任务,因为机器人会做所有这些。通常你只会听到关于未来的负面消息。有点太乐观了,你不觉得吗?

For example, I can't see how people are about to have more leisure time when all the evidence shows people are spending longer than ever at work. No, that's true, and what about lower unemployment? I'm not so sure about that, perhaps in the long term, but not in the foreseeable future. Hmm, and I expect most people will be expected to work until they're much older as everyone's living much longer. That's already happening. I enjoyed all that stuff on how technology has changed some jobs and how they are likely to change in the near future. Yeah, incredible, like accountants. You might think all the technological innovations would have put them out of a job, but in fact, there are more of them than ever. They're still really in demand and have become far more efficient, right? That was amazing, 20 times more accountants in this country compared to the 19th century. 

例如,当所有证据表明人们在工作上花费的时间比以往任何时候都长时,我看不出人们将如何拥有更多的休闲时间。不,这是真的,那么失业率降低呢?我对此不太确定,也许从长远来看是这样,但在可预见的未来则不是。嗯,我预计大多数人将一直工作到他们年纪大了,因为每个人的寿命都更长了。这已经发生了。我喜欢所有关于技术如何改变某些工作以及它们在不久的将来可能会如何改变的内容。是的,令人难以置信,比如会计师。你可能会认为所有的技术创新都会让他们失业,但事实上,他们的数量比以往任何时候都多。他们仍然很受欢迎,而且效率更高,对吧?这太神奇了,与 19 世纪相比,这个国家的会计师数量增加了 20 倍。

I know, I'd never have thought the demand for hairdressing would have gone up so much in the last hundred years, one hairdresser for every 287 people now, compared to one for over 1,500. Yeah, because people's earning power has gone up, they can afford to spend more on personal services like that. But technology hasn't changed the actual job that much. No, they've got hair dryers, etc, but it's one job where you don't depend on a computer. The kind of work that administrative staff do has changed enormously, thanks to technology. Even 20 years ago, there were secretaries doing dictation and typing. Yes, really boring compared to these days, when they are given much more responsibility and higher status. Hmm, a lot of graduates go in for this kind of work now. I'd expected there to be a much bigger change in the number of agricultural workers in the 19th century, but the 1871 census showed that roughly 25% of the population worked on the land.

我知道,我从未想过在过去的一百年里,美发的需求会增长如此之多,现在每 287 人就有一名美发师,而之前每 1,500 多人才有一名美发师。是的,因为人们的收入能力提高了,他们可以负担得起在个人服务上花更多的钱。但技术并没有改变实际工作。不,他们有吹风机等,但这是一份不依赖电脑的工作。由于技术的进步,行政人员的工作发生了巨大变化。甚至 20 年前,还有秘书在做口述和打字。是的,与现在相比真的很无聊,因为他们被赋予了更多的责任和更高的地位。嗯,现在很多毕业生都从事这种工作。我原本预计 19 世纪农业工人的数量会有更大的变化,但 1871 年的人口普查显示,大约 25% 的人口在土地上工作。

Yeah, I'd have assumed it would be more than 50%. Now it's less than not point two %. Hmm, what about care workers? They barely existed in the 19th century, as people's lifespans were so much shorter, but now of course this sector will see huge growth. Yeah, and it's hard enough to meet current demand. The future looks quite bleak for bank clerks. They've been in decline since ATMs were introduced in the 80s, and technology will certainly make most of the jobs they do now redundant. I think. I agree, although the situation may change, it's very hard to predict what will happen.

是的,我原以为会超过 50%。现在还不到 0.2%。嗯,护理人员呢?他们在 19 世纪几乎不存在,因为人们的寿命要短得多,但现在这个行业当然会出现巨大的增长。是的,要满足当前的需求已经够难的了。银行职员的前景相当暗淡。自 80 年代 ATM 推出以来,他们的工作一直在减少,技术肯定会使他们现在从事的大部分工作变得多余。我想。我同意,尽管情况可能会改变,但很难预测会发生什么。

以上就是本期的雅思听力练习,希望对您的听力水平有所帮助。您也可以访问网站主页,获取最新的英语学习资料,全方位提升英语能力。

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