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Hunan Province


A Glimpse of the Province


With the Xiangjiang River zigzagging through it, the word Human refers to the province’s location on the southern side of Dongting Lake.This lake is a huge basin surrounded on three sides by mountains and hundreds of small lakes and ponds dotted everywhere along its east side.With a population of 66 million,Hunan,traditionally called“Xiang” for short, covers a total area of over 210,000 square kilometers.Hunan has a humid subtropical monsoon climate, with wet summers, cold winters and abundant rainfall.It is a land of rice and fish with an average temperature of 16℃-18℃ and rainfall 1250-1750 millimeters.The province’s major ethnic groups include Han Chinese as well as the Tujia, Miao, Dong, Yao, Hui, Uygur and Zhuang ethnic minorities.Noted for its famed mountains, rivers and great historical and contemporary figures, Hunan boasts a large number of tourism attractions and resources. Six major national railway lines run through the province, which is also criss-crossed by roads, making it easily accessible. And there are four airports in the province (They are Changsha Airport, Zhangjiajie Airport, Changde Airport and Yongzhou Airport).

Historical Figures of Human

A large number of outstanding figures have historically come from Human Province, so the province enjoys the reputation of “The Kingdom of Chu, the unique home of talented people”. For example, Cai Lun, who hails from Leiyang in Hunan, improved papermaking technology and introduced the first piece of paper from multiple plant fibers in 105 B.C. This invention has been honored as one of ancient China’s“Four Great Inventions”.The founder of the Confucian school of idealist philosophy in the Song and Ming Dynasties, Zhou Dunyi, came from Yongzhou in Hunan Province.Wang Fuzhi, an outstanding 17th Century Chinese philosopher, was from the Hunan city of Hengyang.During the 79 years from the Opium War to the May Fourth Movement, Hunan Province witnessed the appearance of many important figures in Modern Chinese history.These include Wei Yuan, Zeng Guofan, He Shaoji, Zuo Zongtang, Tan Sitong, Chen Tianhua, Huang Xing and Song Jiaoren.During this period, some 83 people from Hunan are listed in the Dictionary of Major Chinese Historical Figures, or nearly 11%of total number of figures listed in the book.From the May Fourth Movement to the New Democratic Revolution or even to the socialist revolution and construction period, a great number of Party leaders, government officials and military figures emerged from this province. The most outstanding representatives are Mao Zedong, Cai Hesen, Ren Bishi, Liu Shaoqi, Peng Dehuai, He Long, and Luo Ron-ghuan.Meanwhile, a large group of talented writers, artists, scientists and educators have hailed from Hunan Province.These figures include Qi Baishi, the great master of Chinese painting, the noted playwright, Tian Han, the famous playwright, and the well-known writers Shen Congwen and Zhou Libo.

Hunan Cuisine

Hunan cuisine, one of the eight regional cuisine of China, is famous for its use of chilli and spicy flavor. It is sometimes called Xiang cuisine.Hunan’s chili-rich cuisine is similar to that of western China’s Sichuan province. Chili, garlic, along with the unusual so-called ”strange sauce” enliven many dishes.Chairman Mao, who was Hunanese, once claimed that the more chilies one eats the more revolutionary one becomes. It was meant as a joke (most probably) but the statement is in accordance with the Chinese belief that diet makes a great difference to a person’s well being.

Special Local Products

Xiang embroidery, Liuyang chrysanthemum stone, Liuyang fireworks, Junshan green tea,, Huogongdian snacks, white lotus sects, Tujia preserved ham, Yiyang, Shaoyang bamboo weavings and Liling porcelain.

Recommended Attractions

Yuelu Mountain Scenic Resorts and Historic Sites, Human Provincial Museum, Em-peror Yan’s Mausoleum, Chairman Mao zedong’s former residence, Nanyue Hengyang Mountain, Langshan Scenic Area, Yueyang Tower, Peach Blossom Garden, Suxian Mountain, Wanhua Rock, Xiangxi Mengdong River, South Great Wall of China, Fenghuang Old Town, Wulingyuan Scenic Area.











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