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“九华山”中英双语导游词

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2018年02月06日

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Mount Jiuhua

(九华山)

Ladies and gentlemen,

Today,accompanied by the sunshine in early morning, we are going to pay a visit to Mount Jiuhua. First allow me to briefly introduce Mount Jiuhua. Mount Jiuhua is located in southwestern Qingyang County, Anhui Province. It combines Buddhist culture with beautiful scenery and ancient temples, and it is one of the four sacred Buddhist mountains in China.

Mount Jiuhhua has 99 peaks surrounding its summit, Shiwang Peak, which is 1,342 meters high. Mount Jiuhua has a long history of religious culture, with Taoism preceding Buddhism. Among the more than eighty temples still standing today, Huacheng, Ganlu, Tiantai, and Qiyuan Temples, Roushen Hall, and Zhantan Froest are the best preserved. The architectural style is distinguished by its free and vivid design mixing Buddhist temples and local residences in the mountain region. There are not only big temples of a grand scale and strict style, but also small quiet temples made up of one room and one hall.

Mount Jiuhua is a special place of Buddhist worship where religious rites are held for the worship of Ksitigarbha, known in Chinese as Dìzàng (地藏),who is a Bodhisattva and protector of souls in hell in the Mahayana Buddhist tradition.It is recorded that during the Tang Dynasty,Jin Qiaojue,the near clan of the King of Koyro Kingdom,or present day Korea, came to China and practiced Buddhism in Mt.Jiuhua until he died at the age of 99, much like the famous Buddhist sage,Ksitigarbha,so he is regarded as the Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva.Since a grave tower was built to bury him on Shenguang Ridge,it became the place for worshiping Ksitigarbha.The tower is always filled with incense smoke and every year,a temple fair is held lasting 10 days.The fair has been included in nation-wide touring programs and welcomes many

domestic and foreign pilgrims.Today,due to limited time,we are just going to visit Jiuhua Street and Tiantai Scenic Area.

Jiuhua Street Scenic Area

Now we are walking on the Jiuhua Street.It is located in a spacious area at the foot of Furong Peak 600 meters,above sea level and surrounded by mountains,which serves as Mount Jiuhua’s reception center.Temples,local residences,and shops are mixed together on Jiuhua street,and monks,nuns,pilgrims,visitors and the local inhabitants wander around here all day.

Qiyuan Temple

What we see now is Qiyuan Temple,which is also called Qiyuan Buddhist Temple. It was

originally built in the Ming Dynasty.The structure of the buildings resembles those of a palace complex;however,unlike the buildings in a palace complex,they are not symmetrically laid out.Indeed,even the gate is slanting to one side.Please look at the aisle in front of the temple; it has a relief sculpture of lotus with the pattern of ancient coins engraved on it,symbolizing the holy trace of Sakyamuni.Entering the gate,you can see two Buddhist warriors on the two sides with frightening facial expressions.In the middle is the statue of Linguan,the judge,with a wide-open eye on his forehead and a long whip in his hand. Linguan was originally a god of Taosim, but why did he come into a Buddhist temple? It is said that one day,when Vitasoka,the protector of Ksitigarbha went out to inspect the mountain,a scholar who was a non-believer of Buddhism thrust an iron needle at the leg of Ksitigarbha to see if he was real.Seeing the blood oozing from the leg of Ksitigarbha,the scholar was scared and hurried down the mountain.When Vitasoka came back and was told about it,he chased the scholar in spite of Ksitigarbha’s stopping,and beat the scholar to death with one whip at Wuxi Bridge.Ksitigarbha was rather angry,for the monks should be merciful,so he dismissed Vitasoka and asked Lingguan to take his place.Today,the relics of the scholar’ s tomb at Wuxi Bridge can be the proof for the legend.

Roushen Hall

We are now in the famous Roushen Hall.More than 1.200 years ago,the eminent monk Jin Qiaojue used to chant sutra and sit in meditation On Shenguang Ridge.When he died,he sat in a vat and was placed in Nantai.As the ground shone magically,it was renamed Shenguang (Magic Shine) Ridge.Three years later,the vat was opened.His body was still soft,his face was still lively and his bones sounded clearly when shaken. As the Buddhist sutra showed,he was the reincarnation of Buddha,so he was honored Ksitigarbha and a high hall and a wooden pagoda were built to protect him,which was named Roushen (incarnation) Hall.The structure of a pagoda inside a hall, a vat inside the pagoda,and an incarnated body inside the vat is unique.

Tiantai Scenic Area

We’ve arrived at Tiantai Scenic Area. Tiantai Scenic Areas is situated southeast of Mount Jiuhua where most of the high peaks gather. Tiantai Peak is 1,325 meters high, making it a little lower than Shiwang Peak. But it is always been regarded as the center of the high peaks because of its many scenic sights and ancient temples. Starting from Minyuan to Tiantai, you’ll enjoy various magnificent views one by one as you climb higher and higher.

Tiantai Temple

Tiantai Temple now is in our sights. It is also called Wanfo Building and Ksitigarbha Buddhist Temple and has three parts. First you’ll enter the Maitreya Buddha Hall, then the hall of the Three Sages in the western world,at last the Grand Hall. Now,please look up,you can see on the wooden ceiling, thousands of small Buddhist figurines are lined with various vivid expressions.The temple has no outside yards,but is still spacious and bright,due to its special design.On the rock at the corner of the hall is a big footprint which is paired with one on another peak,the East Cliff.They were the holy prints left by Jin Qiaojue when he took off striding over the two peaks.The big drum was presented in 1982 by the pious Buddhist believers in Kowloon,

Hong Kong.

Well, the tour of Mount Jiuhua now comes to an end.I thank you all and wish you a happy journey home!

各位朋友,大家好!

沐浴着清晨的阳光,我们将前往九华山风景区游览。我先简单介绍一下九华山风景区的概况。九华山位于安徽省青阳县西南,景色秀奇,古刹林立,是以佛教文化为特色的山岳风景区,中国四大佛教名山之一。

九华山群峰林立,高高低低的山峰围绕着海拔1342米的主峰十王峰,犹如儿孙绕膝,老少欢聚。九华山宗教活动历史悠久,其道教在先,佛教更盛。现存寺庙80多座,其中被列为国家重点保护的有化成寺、祗园寺、肉身宝殿、旃檀林、甘露寺、天台寺等。其建筑形式很有特色,大部分以佛教殿堂与皖南民居相结合,依山傍势,布局灵巧,既有规模宏大

的殿宇,也有一舍一佛堂的清净小庵。

大家可能都知道,九华山佛教以地藏道场而闻名。据古迹记载,唐代开元年间,古新罗国(今朝鲜半岛)王族近属金乔觉渡海来华,在九华山苦修, 于贞元十年(公元764年)夏99岁时圆寂。佛教界以他生前苦行,寂后形迹与经典所载地藏菩萨相合,尊为地藏菩萨应化,在神光岭上建墓安葬,九华山自此被辟为地藏应化道场,香火日盛。这里每年定期举行庙会,一般都要持续10天,已经成为了全国性的旅游项目,为海内外游人香客所欢迎。因为时间的关系,我们主要游览九华街和天台景区。

九华街景区

现在我们正走在九华街上。九华街位于芙蓉峰下海拔600米的开阔地带,四面环山,是九华山的接待中心。这里是佛国,也是街市,寺庙、民宅、商店交错分布,一条环形小街,终日人来人往,有僧尼,有香客,有游人,还有当地的普通居民,他们各行其是,既清静又热闹。

祗园寺

大家现在看到的这座寺院是祗园寺,又名祗园禅寺,初建于明代,是九华山唯一的宫殿式完整寺庙,但整个建筑并不像宫殿那样取中轴线对称形式,而是曲曲折折,连寺门也偏向一边。大家先请看寺前的浮雕莲花甬道,上面刻有古钱币图案,表现了僧人对虚无缥缈的“七宝莲池”琉璃世界的憧憬,象征着释迦牟尼的圣迹。进入寺门后,请看两边:两尊金刚居于左右,一哼一哈,令人生畏。中间是灵官护法,他额生竖眼,手执长鞭,显示出他的职责和佛法不可侵犯。灵官本是道教的神仙,为什么来到了九华山呢?传说有一天地藏的护法神韦驮外出巡山,来了个不信佛的状元,用钢针朝地藏的腿上扎去,看看是不是真身。一扎果然流出血水,那状元便急忙下山去了。待韦驮回来问明情由后,不顾地藏的劝阻,偷偷下山追到五溪桥,一鞭打死了状元。地藏为此十分生气,逐走了韦驮,请来了灵官。至今,五溪桥头仍有“状元坟”遗迹作为这个传说的佐证。

肉身宝殿

大家现在来到的是著名的肉身宝殿。1200多年前,高僧金乔觉常到神光岭上诵经,晏坐。唐贞元十年(公元794年),金乔觉圆寂,依浮屠之法,坐殓缸内,安置于南台(西岭)。因当时地发神光,此地便改名为神光岭了。三年后开缸,其遗体绵软,颜貌如生,撼其骨节有金锁般响声,以佛经所示,乃菩萨应世,遂立三级小浮屠供奉,尊为地藏王菩萨,以后又外筑高殿,木塔宠护。肉身殿在九华山的庙宇中,可谓是最具特色的建筑了,这“殿中有塔,塔中有缸,缸中有肉身”的结构实属罕见。

天台景区

我们现在已经进入天台景区。天台景区位于九华山的东南方,以登高览盛为特色,九华高峰多汇于此。天台峰海拔1325米,略低于十王峰,但这里景观荟萃,古寺重重,历来被视作九华高峰的中心。我们由闵园上天台,一步一景,越上越奇。

天台寺

现在映入我们眼帘的是天台寺,俗称万佛楼,又名地藏禅林。于明代初年兴建,清代光绪年间重修。天台寺第一进是弥勒殿,第二进是西方三圣殿,第三进是大雄宝殿即万佛楼。大家请抬头看,殿宇的木梁上密密麻麻地排列着万尊小佛像,千姿百态,栩栩如生。该寺一无院落,二五天井,却宽敞明亮,足见设计者颇费匠心。殿角小门的岗头上有一巨大脚印,与东崖上的正好是一对,那是金乔觉腾空跨两峰时留下的圣迹。1982年,香港九龙的信士向天台寺捐献了一只大鼓,天台的钟声鼓声便传遍了九华山的峰峰岭岭。

到此,今天的行程就全部结束。非常感谢大家,祝愿大家旅途愉快!

 


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