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医学英语:别让多动症毁了你的孩子

所属教程:医学英语专业词汇

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2021年09月15日

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, or ADHD, is the most common behavioral disorder in children.

注意力不足多动症,或ADHD,是孩子中最常见的行为异常症

It’s usually first diagnosed in childhood and often lasts into adulthood.

它通常是在孩童时期被发现,持续到成年期

A child with ADHD might have trouble paying attention, daydream a lot,

患有ADHD的孩子可能很难集中注意力、经常做白日梦

forget or lose things often, talk too much, or act without thinking about the consequences.

经常丢三落四、说话太多或者做事不考虑后果

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Most children have trouble focusing or behaving at some time or another,

多数孩子时不时都很难集中注意力或者行为异常

but kids with ADHD have these symptoms much longer than other kids,

但是患有ADHD的孩子的这些症状比其他孩子持续时间更长

and the symptoms cause serious problems at home, at school, and with friends.

这些症状会在家里、学校和朋友之间造成严重问题

There are many risk factors for ADHD and no single cause.

ADHD有很多风险因素,但没有直接原因

Scientists believe that genetics play an important role.

科学家认为基因在多动症中是一个很大的因素

Researchers do not believe that ADHD is caused by eating too much sugar or watching too much TV.

研究人员不相信ADHD是因为吃了太多糖或看了太多电视导致的

However, chaotic environments or inconsistent parenting can make ADHD symptoms worse.

但是,混乱的环境或前后矛盾的养育会让ADHD恶化

There is no single test to diagnose ADHD, and many other problems can have similar symptoms,

没有哪种单一测试能够诊断ADHD,很多其它问题也可能有相似症状

including sleep disorders, anxiety, depression, and certain types of learning disabilities.

包括睡眠障碍、焦虑、抑郁以及某些学习障碍

In most cases, ADHD is best treated with a combination of behavioral therapy and medication.

在多数病例中,可以结合行为疗法和药物共同治疗ADHD

No single treatment is the answer for every child and good treatment plans include close monitoring and follow-up.

没有单一治疗会对孩子起效,良好的治疗计划包括密切监督和后续落实

In order to make sure your child reaches his or her full potential, it’s really important to get help for ADHD as early as possible.

为了确保你的孩子开发出了他/她的所有潜能,尽早治疗ADHD非常重要

If you’re concerned that your child may have ADHD, talk to your health care provider.

如果你觉得自己的孩子可能有ADHD,跟你的医疗健康人员谈谈


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