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托福听力情景对话的“第三者”

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zhaocongcong

2018年08月02日

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  备考托福的同学们都知道,每篇Conversation都是一男一女在对话,聊的话题多集中在学术论文、图书馆、课程注册或是校园生活类的场景。虽然场景不同会带来词汇、句子内容上的一些变化,但是基本上来说Conversation是有很明确的“套路”的。大家有没有发现,每当两人对话的时候,聊到另外的一个“别人”或者一些“别人”,经常会在这个地方出一道题。最常见的“别人”无外乎某个老师(Professor/Teacher)、某个导师(Advisor/Chair/Instructor)、同学朋友(classmate/roommate/friend/student)、甚至某个家人(Parents/Brother/Cousin)等等。

  这样的情境下考试经常会出一道题:

  Why does the professor mention/discuss/introduce XXX?

  所以,当我们听Conversation听到了“第三者”(指任何一个或几个出现在听力段子中男女主角之外的人物,大多由男女主角自己提起。),不能轻易忽略,一定要用心听清楚当时聊的是什么,最好能用很少的词把这个例子涉及到的话题简单记下来。

  托福Conversation 1

  Student: The section on dialects, cause…like, that’s the kind of thing that’s always sort of intrigued me, you know? … Well, especially now, cause I’ve got like one roommate who is from the south and another one from New York. And we all talk like totally different, you know?

  Why is the student interested in learning more about dialects?

  A. she often has trouble understanding what other students are saying

  B. she is trying to change the way she speaks

  C. she is aware that her own dialect differs from those of her roommates

  D. she spent her childhood various places where different dialects are spoken

  正确答案:C

  托福Conversation 2

  Student: …My chair person told me that if I did independent field research in addition to the assigned work in each course; they would count as intermediate level courses. My classmates, um, some of my classmates, did this for an easy way to meet their intermediate course requirement, but I did it to get the kind of depth in those topics I was going for….

  Why does the man mention his classmates?

  A. To explain how he obtained information about field research

  B. To point out that many students like to do field research

  C. To show that it is difficult to get intermediate-level credits

  D. To emphasize his motivation to do filed research in two of his courses

  正确答案:D (这道题从考点来看的话又是“别人”,又是别的同学跟自己的“对比”)

  托福Conversation 3

  Student: Okay. Here’s what happened. Um…I think my professor really miscalculated. Anyway the syllabus was way too ambitious in my opinion. There’re only 2 weeks of classes left in the semester and there are like 6 books on the syllabus that we haven’t even touched.

  Why is the professor not going to discuss the book by Jane Bowles in the class?

  A. There is not enough time left in the semester

  B. Not all of the students were able to get a copy of the book

  C. The professor miscalculated the difficulty level of the book

  D. The book was not on the course syllabus

  正确答案:A

  通过以上三个例子,大家不难发现,但凡听力段子中提到了“第三个人”,一般来说是考点,不然人家为什么要提到这个人呢?提到一个不相关的人,必然有其目的,所以在以后的听力训练中,如果听到了“第三者”,请同学们在你的笔记中,记上一笔,人名以首字母的形式写出即可,在记一些关于这个人的信息,他的身份,他的主张等与此听力段子主题相关的话。但是不用特别详细,记点即可。这样在做题的时候,当出现与此人相关的考题,大家就不会出现猜答案的现象了。


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