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《考研英语阅读理解100篇 基础版》第2章 社会文化类 Unit 23

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2019年01月08日

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Jim Clark,55,is the first person ever to start three companies that each grew to be worth more than $1 billion—an achievement celebrated in Michael Lewis’ best-selling book,The New New Thing.Clark saw in primitive computer graphics chips the potential for powerful new workstations built by Silicon Graphics.He looked at a simple interface for websites,and turned it into the Netscape Web browser.And he most recently has exploited the potential of the Web for dispensing medical information through a company called Healtheon.Each of these ideas has netted Clark a cool billion or so.Shouldn’t such a visionary come up with a similarly new way of giving those bucks away? 
Well,no.Clark has bestowed his money the old-fashioned way—by attaching his name to a building at Stanford University,his alma mater.His $150 million grant,establishing the Jim C.Clark Center for Biomedical Engineering and Sciences,reflects his belief that just as computer technology has been driving today's economy,biotech will power it over the next 40 years.“Some people say you should give where the need is greatest,” he says,shrugging.“But that's the job for government.For me,with only a few billion,I have more impact targeting a specific priority.” 
Clark also wanted to reward Stanford,whose labs he used while engineering the chip for his Silicon Graphics workstations.And this was the sort of philanthropic gesture that would still leave him time to have fun running companies,building yachts and flying helicopters.Clark has a personal insight into why some tech multimillionaires postpone serious charitable giving.At one point in 1998,he watched the value of his Netscape stock erode from $2 billion to $200 million.And other wealthy techies have seen similar wild swings in their personal fortunes.Explains Clark:“When you see your net worth drop like that,you think,‘If this keeps going,I’m going to have to sell my airplane.’” 
Clark is critical of some of his Silicon Valley brethren who haven’t been as generous,despite their multibillion-dollar net worth.He hopes his gift will spur other tech billionaires to action,particularly Yahoo founders Jerry Yang and David Filo,who don’t discuss specifics of any giving they may have done—and who Clark believes have been too frugal.“These guys actually ran the Yahoo servers out of Stanford,” says Clark.“They should be giving something back.These guys are young,but they’ve got more money than me.Or take Larry Ellison; he should be doing more.” 
But Clark remains optimistic:“These new-money guys,first they have to get a couple of houses,the plane.At that point they’ll think about: How can I do something more impacting?” 
注(1):本文选自Time; 
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象为2003年真题Text 2。 
1.The author begins his article with Clark's experience to ______. 
A) show the great achievements of Clark 
B) show the richness of Clark 
C) show the payback of Clark's brilliant ideas 
D) show Clark's desire to get fortunes 
2.Clark believes that the bestowal of the money ______. 
A) should be done in an old way 
B) should take the form of generosity 
C) should be given in a limited field 
D) should involve all rich men 
3.The founders of Yahoo are mentioned to show ______. 
A) their way of saving money 
B) their ungenerosity and less interest in donating 
C) Clark's contempt of the new money 
D) their difficulty in getting rich 
4.Clark's attitude toward his Silicon Valley brethren is of ______. 
A) strong disapproval 
B) reserved consent 
C) slight contempt 
D) enthusiastic support 
5.From the text we learn that Larry Ellison is ______. 
A) a Yuppie 
B) Clark's competitor 
C) a successful techie 
D) a young tech billionaire 

吉姆·克拉克今年55岁,是创办了3家价值超过10亿美元的大公司的第一人。他所取得的成就得到迈克尔·刘易斯的畅销书《新新事物》的大力颂扬。克拉克在原始计算机图形芯片里看到了硅谷图形公司强大新型工作站的潜力。他看了一下简单的网络接口,就把它变成了网景公司的浏览器。就在最近,他利用网络的潜力通过一个叫“健康保险网络”的公司来分发医疗信息。克拉克的每个点子都为自己净赚了高达10亿美元左右的利润。这样的一个幻想家在捐赠方式上是否也应该同样别出心裁呢? 
可惜,答案是“不”。克拉克以古老的方式——在他的母校斯坦福大学一座建筑物上刻上自己的名字——捐出了他的钱。他捐赠1.5亿美元用于建立生物医学工程科学系的吉姆·C·克拉克中心,这源于他的一种信念:正如计算机技术推动了今天的经济,生物技术也同样会在以后的40年里给经济提供强大的动力。“有人说,你应该把钱投到最需要的地方,”他耸了耸肩说,“但这是政府的事。对于只有区区几十亿家当的我来说,还是优先发展某个项目会产生更大的影响。” 
克拉克也想酬谢一下斯坦福大学,因为他设计他的硅谷图形工作站所用的芯片时使用的就是该校的实验室。而这种慈善活动仍然能给他留出时间享受开办公司、建造游艇和驾驶直升机的快乐。对于某些搞技术的千万富翁迟迟未热衷于慈善捐款一事,克拉克有自己的见解。1998年某时,他目睹了手中网景公司股票价值从20亿美元逐渐降到2亿美元。其他技术富豪们的个人财富也经历了类似疯狂的大起大落。克拉克解释说:“当你看到你的资本净值跌得那么快,你会想,‘如果再继续这样跌下去,我必须卖我的飞机了。’” 
克拉克对硅谷的那些尽管拥有数十亿美元资本净值却不够大方的亿万富翁同行们持批评态度。他希望他的馈赠能激励其他技术亿万富翁们行动起来,特别是雅虎公司的创始人杰瑞·杨和大卫·菲洛。这两人从不谈论任何力所能及的捐助事宜——克拉克认为他们两人太过于精打细算。“这些人的雅虎服务器实际上是从斯坦福开始的。”克拉克说,“他们应该给予一定的回报。这些人很年轻,但他们挣的钱却比我多。就拿拉里·埃利森来说,他应该做得更多一些。” 
但克拉克仍保留乐观态度:“这些新贵们,他们首先得有两三套房子,得有飞机。只有到了那时候他们才会考虑:我如何做些更有影响力的事?” 
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