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《考研英语阅读理解100篇 基础版》第2章 社会文化类 Unit 28






Leandre Nsabi,a senior at Rainier Beach High School here,received some bluntly practical advice from an instructor recently.“My teacher said there's a lot of money to be made in computer science,” Leandre said.“It could be really helpful in the future.” That teacher,Steven Edouard,knows a few things about the subject.When he is not volunteering as a computer science instructor four days a week,Mr.Edouard works at Microsoft.He is one of 110 engineers from high-tech companies who are part of a Microsoft program aimed at getting high school students hooked on computer science,so they go on to pursue careers in the field. In doing so,Microsoft is taking an unusual approach to tackling a shortage of computer science graduates—one of the most serious issues facing the technology industry,and a broader challenge for the nation's economy. 
There are likely to be 150,000 computing jobs opening up each year through 2020,according to an analysis of federal forecasts by the Association for Computing Machinery,a professional society for computing researchers.But despite the hoopla around start-up celebrities like Mark Zuckerberg of Facebook,fewer than 40,000 American students received bachelor's degrees in computer science during 2010,the National Center for Education Statistics estimates.And the wider job market remains weak.“People can’t get jobs,and we have jobs that can’t be filled,” Brad Smith,Microsoft's general counsel who oversees its philanthropic efforts,said in a recent interview. 
Big technology companies have complained for years about a dearth of technical talent,a problem they have tried to solve by lobbying for looser immigration rules to accommodate more foreign engineers and sponsoring tech competitions to encourage student interest in the industry.Google,for one,holds a programming summer camp for incoming ninth graders and underwrites an effort called CS4HS,in which high school teachers sharpen their computer science skills in workshops at local universities. 
But Microsoft is sending its employees to the front lines,encouraging them to commit to teaching a high school computer science class for a full school year.Its engineers,who earn a small stipend for their classroom time,are in at least two hourlong classes a week and sometimes as many as five.Schools arrange the classes for first thing in the day to avoid interfering with the schedules of the engineers,who often do not arrive at Microsoft until the late morning. 
The program started as a grass-roots effort by Kevin Wang,a Microsoft engineer with a master's degree in education from Harvard.In 2009,he began volunteering as a computer science teacher at a Seattle public high school on his way to work.After executives at Microsoft caught wind of what he was doing,they put financial support behind the effort—which is known as Technology Education and Literacy in Schools,or Teals—and let Mr.Wang run it full time.The program is now in 22 schools in the Seattle area and has expanded to more than a dozen other schools in Washington,Utah,North Dakota,California and other states this academic year.Microsoft wants other big technology companies to back the effort so it can broaden the number of outside engineers involved. 
注(1):本文选自The New York Times; 
注(2):本文习题模仿对象:第1、5题模仿2011年真题Text 1的第1、5题;第2题模仿2010年真题Text 2的第2题;第3、4题模仿2011年真题Text 2的第3、4题。 
1.We can learn from the first two paragraphs that ______. 
A) America faces a serious issue—lack of computer science graduates 
B) computer science is promising 
C) Microsoft sends its employees to high schools to be the computer science instructors 
D) there are not enough people hunting for jobs in the computer field 
2.All the below are the solutions to the lack of qualified technical talents,except ______. 
A) persuading the government to make looser immigration rules to introduce more foreign talents 
B) funding the technology competitions to inspire more students on tech 
C) holding a programming summer camp for incoming ninth graders 
D) making students improve their science skills in CS4HS 
3.The word“stipend” (Line 2,Paragraph 4)most probably means ______. 
A) salary 
B) reputation 
C) prize 
D) respect 
4.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that ______. 
A) the program is a grass-roots effort originally 
B) Kevin Wang was praised by the executives at Microsoft 
C) 22 schools in the Seattle area have involved in the program 
D) Microsoft's plan has already caused attention of other schools and Microsoft hopes for more companies to participate 
5.From the text we can see that the writer seems ______. 
A) positive 
B) negative 
C) uncertain 
D) neutral 


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