考研英语 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 考研英语 > 考研英语阅读 >  内容

《考研英语阅读理解100篇 基础版》第3章 信息技术类 Unit 39

所属教程:考研英语阅读

浏览:

qinting

2019年01月11日

手机版
扫描二维码方便学习和分享

The United Nations,notorious for endless deliberations,①is trying a technological quick fix.Its Global Compact Office,which promotes corporate responsibility,has embraced a once marginal social technology—the wiki—in the hope that it will help staff in 80 countries share information and reach consensus with less deliberation and more speed. The office has done this by enlisting the public in its review of progress reports from more than 2,000 companies—an effort to make sure each is complying with established social and environmental guidelines.It's debatable whether encouraging public input is a good way to increase efficiency,but the move is the latest example of a quickly growing trend. 
②Wiki software—easy-to-use programs that let anyone with Internet access create,remove and edit content on a Web page—first gained popularity thanks to Wikipedia,the user-generated encyclopedia that has come to be praised as one of the Web's greatest resources. Now the technology is increasingly spreading outside the world of bizarre tech people and into the mainstream,being adopted by workplaces,corporations and even governments.In what's been called the“wiki workplace,” a growing number of organizations have begun shifting from traditional hierarchical structures to self-organized and collaborative networks,using wiki software—a basket of technologies that include wikis,blogs and other tools—to foster innovation across organizational and geographic boundaries.Executives say the new tools make it easier for teams to collaborate and share information,and to get projects up and running on the fly.“Collaborative software has become a very important part of how businesses will invent and innovate,” says Ken Bisconti,IBM's vice president of messaging and collaboration software. 
That the United Nations is embracing wikis is an indication that organizations are beginning to get over their fear that this technology could introduce chaos into their operations.As Wikipedia has demonstrated,Web sites that are open to the public are vulnerable to deliberate injury,bias,inconsistency and other problems.But most corporate wikis are closed to the public,limiting access to employees inside the company firewall.These quasi-closed systems,say technology experts,impose accountability simply by keeping a record of every change and who made it. 
IBM has used internal wikis since 2005,with an eye to selling the concept to its clients.One of its first applications was a wiki that employees could use to collaborate on writing a blogging manifesto: a set of policies for appropriate use of blogs in and out of the office.Thousands of employees contributed and edited that manifesto,which after receiving corporate approval—became the company's official policy. 
注(1):本文选自Newsweek; 
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象:第1~3题分别模仿2001年真题Text 3第1~3题,第4、5题模仿2004年真题Text 1第4、5题。 
1.What is the passage mainly about? 
A) It is about how the United Nations is forced to adopt the wiki software to improve efficiency. 
B) It is an introduction to the wiki technology and its growing trend. 
C) It reviews the advantages and disadvantages of wiki technology. 
D) It is about the immaturity of the wiki technology and its future development. 
2.The application of the wiki technology turns out to be _______. 
A) very reliable 
B) rather superficial 
C) somewhat contradictory 
D) quite encouraging 
3.The basic problem of applying wiki technology lies in that _______. 
A) some people doubt it is a communist plot 
B) the technology is still not mature enough to be used widely 
C) there might be purposeful injury and damage from the public 
D) the technology can only be used internally 
4.Which of the following is NOT the advantage of wiki technology? 
A) It is a safe technology when being applied both externally and internally. 
B) The public can participate in the creation of web contents. 
C) It can enhance communication at least within an organization. 
D) It helps promote innovation and improve work efficiency. 
5.Which of the following is TRUE according to the text? 
A) UN has gained positive results by using wiki technology. 
B) IBM's adoption of wikis turns out to be a failure. 
C) Wiki software is changing some corporate network structure. 
D) Wiki websites will replace conventional websites. 

联合国一向以冗长拖沓的审议而闻名,现在该机构正在尝试使用一种新的技术手段来迅速改善这种状况。旨在增进组织机构责任的全球微缩办公室,利用了一种曾经是边缘化的技术——维客——以帮助分布在80个国家的员工分享信息,减少达成决议前的各种讨论并加快速度。全球微缩办公室通过使公众参与到对2000余家公司的进展报告进行审查来实现这一点——这一努力的目的在于每一家公司都充分遵守已建立起来的社会和环境方针纲要。鼓励公众的参与是否能够增进效率还有待证实,但是联合国的这一行动是一种迅速发展的趋势的最新例证。 
维客软件——让任何能够上网的人可以轻松地创造、删除和编辑一个网页上的内容——由于维基百科的广泛使用而变得流行,而维基百科由于让网民来编写百科全书的内容而被誉为网上最伟大的资源。现在这种技术正在大规模地传播,并已冲破那些技术怪人的世界而进入了主流世界,应用于工作场所、公司甚至是政府。在所谓的“维客工作场”中,越来越多的组织已经通过使用维客软件开始从传统的等级架构转变为一种自我组织和合作的网络——维客软件是一组技术组合,包括维客、博客以及其他工具——从而进行跨组织和跨地域的创新。管理人员们称这些新工具使得团队之间更容易合作和分享信息,并使得各个项目高效地进行。IBM的信息和合作软件部门副总裁肯·比斯康蒂称“合作软件在公司如何创造和创新的过程中起到了非常重要的作用”。 
联合国采用维客这一事件证明了一些组织正在开始克服维客技术会给操作带来混乱的恐惧。正如维基百科证明的那样,对于公众开放的网站非常容易引来各种伤害、偏见、矛盾和其他问题。但是大多数企业维客都是不对公众开放的,只允许在公司的防火墙内部的员工访问。技术专家称这些准封闭系统通过记录每一个改动以及改动者来使人们做到负责任。 
IBM从2005年开始使用内部维客,并在考虑将这种概念卖给客户。其中的第一个用途就是雇员们通过维客来合作撰写一个博客宣言:一组如何在办公室内外合理使用博客的政策。成千上万的员工参与了宣言的撰写和修订,该宣言最后得到了公司的批准,成为了公司的官方政策。 
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐