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《考研英语阅读理解100篇 基础版》第5章 法律类 Unit 67

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2019年01月17日

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The American military tribunals set up to pass judgment on terrorism suspects at Guantánamo Bay lurched into life this week when David Hicks,the“Australian Taliban”,unexpectedly pleaded guilty. The Pentagon will be relieved that the tribunals have started to show results after five years of controversy over the status of“enemy combatants”,claims of torture,the admissibility of forced confessions and a Supreme Court ruling last year that halted an earlier version of the tribunals.Yet the Hicks case is hardly an impressive start for America's offshore justice.Critics say the 31-year-old Mr Hicks,a former kangaroo skinner and alleged al-Qaeda fighter,faces a“kangaroo court”.Two of his civilian lawyers were barred from the hearing on March 26th.His military lawyer,Major Michael Mori,has been threatened with prosecution for harshly criticising the tribunals. 
The prosecutor,Colonel Morris Davis,said the defence lawyer may have breached military law that bans officers from using“contemptuous words” against the president or senior officials.Major Mori filed a counter-charge against the prosecution,saying it was trying to intimidate him.In the end the motion will not be heard because Mr Hicks,looking pale and bedraggled,admitted the charge of“providing material support for terrorism”.A charge of“attempted murder in violation of the laws of war” was dropped.As The Economist went to press,the tribunal was due to hear details of his plea and pass sentence,which Mr Hicks is expected to serve out in Australia.His father,Terry Hicks,said his son had had“five years of absolute hell” since being captured in Afghanistan and allegedly suffering beatings,rape and forced injections in American custody—accusations rejected by the Pentagon.The guilty plea was just“a way to get home”,said Mr Hicks's father. 
Many in Australia regard Mr Hicks as more of a lost soul than a dangerous terrorist.Indeed,his charge sheet portrays him as little more than an al-Qaeda foot-soldier,and a poor one at that.His jihadi CV is pitiful compared with the evidence being given by some of the 14“high value detainees” belatedly brought to Guantánamo from CIA secret prisons in September.They include al-Qaeda's operational chief,Khalid Sheikh Mohammed,who in a closed hearing to determine whether he was an“enemy combatant” earlier this month boasted that he had organised the September 11th attacks“from A to Z”,and 30 other plots.Meanwhile,Ahmed Ghalfan Ghailani and Waleed bin Atttash,from Tanzania and Yemen respectively,have admitted supplying equipment for the bombing of the American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998. 
Many of these big names will face trial,and perhaps the death penalty.But the tribunals are expected to try only 60-80 of the more than 380 prisoners currently in Guantánamo.Over the years hundreds of detainees have been sent back to their countries,where some have been jailed and most have been released—and sometimes re-arrested.The Bush Administration says it wants to phase out and eventually close the jail.But it is unlikely to do so for some years,either because it lacks the evidence to prosecute detainees(even under the more lax military rules it is using),or because other countries are unwilling to take them back. 
注(1):本文选自Economist; 
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象为2004年真题Text 3(题目顺序稍微调整)。 
1.What does the author intend to illustrate with the Hicks case? 
A) The case is not encouraging in promoting America's justice outside the country. 
B) The Pentagon is finally beginning to work effectively to try the detainees of its anti-terrorist war. 
C) The detainees are not supposed to have civilian lawyers,while only military lawyers are allowed. 
D) The fact that the Pentagon has been involved in a series of controversies leads to the public attention of the Hicks case. 
2.What can we infer from the second paragraph? 
A) Hicks’ military lawyer was also sued by the prosecutor. 
B) The reason that Mr.Hicks pleaded guilty was to escape from the bad treatment. 
C) Mr.Hicks has admitted guilty of both charges by the prosecutor. 
D) The Pentagon is unaware of the accusation toward the American custody. 
3.What does“kangaroo court”(Line 7,Paragraph 1)mean? 
A) a court dealing with kangaroo smuggle 
B) a weird court 
C) an unfair court 
D) a military court 
4.The fourth paragraph suggests that _______. 
A) the jail in Guantánamo Bay will be closed in the near future 
B) the government is too optimistic in closing the jail 
C) the tribunals will eventually try all the detainees 
D) all the detainees will be sent back to their own countries 
5.Which of the following is TRUE according to the text? 
A) Australians regard Mr.Hicks as a hero since he is a big name in the al-Qaeda organization. 
B) Khalid Sheikh Mohammed is charged of his organization of the entire event of the September 11 attacks. 
C) Most detainees will face severe trials and sentences when they are sent back to their home countries. 
D) The whole passage is permeated by an ironic tone towards the saying that the Hicks case showcases America's justice. 

人称“澳大利亚塔利班”的大卫·希克斯在本周出乎人们意料地承认了法庭对他的指控,这意味着美国军事法庭对关押在关塔那摩湾的恐怖分子嫌犯进行审判的努力终于开始发挥实际作用了。五角大楼将会对军事法庭初步显示出的结果感到轻松,因为其五年来一直受到各种争议的困扰,包括“敌对战斗人员”身份地位,折磨罪犯的指证,逼供的可接受性,以及去年代替了先前的军事法庭的最高法院审判等。尽管如此,对于美国的国际正义来说,希克斯的案件还很难说是一个令人振奋的开端。评论家们称,31岁的希克斯先生曾经是袋鼠皮革商人和所谓的基地组织战士,他现在面对的是一个不公正的法庭。他的两位民事律师被禁止在3月26号听讼,而其军事律师少校迈克尔·莫里则因对军事法庭的尖刻批评面临被起诉的威胁。 
公诉人莫利斯·戴维斯上校称辩护律师可能已违背军法中关于禁止军官对主席或者高级官员使用侮辱性词语的条例。而莫里少校针对该起诉也提出了一项反向指控,认为起诉意在胁迫他。现在人们不会再听到类似这样的传闻,因为看上去面色苍白、精神颓废的希克斯先生已经承认了关于“给恐怖主义提供重要支持”的指控。法庭已经放弃了关于“违背战争法而谋杀未遂”一案的审理。当经济学家发刊时,军事法庭一定会听到更多他的抗辩之词和宣判细节,人们认为希克斯先生将会在澳大利亚服刑。他的父亲特里·希克斯声称其子自从在阿富汗被捕以来经历了五年地狱般的生活,遭受了殴打、强奸和强迫注射等——尽管这些指控已被五角大楼驳回。希克斯先生的父亲说承认有罪只不过是一种得以回家的方法罢了。 
在澳大利亚,很多人认为希克斯先生更像一个丧失灵魂的人而并非危险的恐怖分子。确实,指控记录中他被描述成一个基地组织的普通步兵,一个可怜的小角色。同9月份从中情局秘密监狱转到关塔那摩的14名具有极高价值的囚犯相比,希克斯的圣战履历看起来非常令人同情。前者包括基地组织首领哈立德·谢赫·穆罕默德,在本月一个对其是否是敌对战斗人员身份的封闭听讼会中,他自夸他从头到尾策划了911袭击和30个其他秘密计划。与此同时,分别来自坦桑尼亚和也门的艾哈迈德·盖凡·盖拉尼和瓦立德·本阿塔什也承认曾为1998年肯尼亚和坦桑尼亚引爆美国大使馆的恐怖分子提供了相应设备。 
这些鼎鼎大名的恐怖分子将面临审判,而且可能被判死刑。但是军事法庭目前只打算审判380多名被关押在关塔那摩囚犯中的60~80名囚犯。几年来,囚犯中已有上百人被遣送回了自己的国家,他们有的被继续监禁,而大多数则被释放——不过有时又被重新逮捕。布什政府宣称有必要逐渐减少囚犯并最终关闭这个监狱。但很难在几年内做到这一点,一方面是因为缺乏起诉这些囚犯的证据(即使是在不够严谨的军法框架下),另一方面则是因为这些囚犯所属的国家事实上并不愿意他们被遣回本国。 
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