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《考研英语阅读理解100篇 基础版》第6章 教育类 Unit 74

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2019年01月19日

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On this one point George W.Bush and Al Gore would agree: our schools need more Marilyn Whirrys.For 35 years,Whirry has inspired high school students to think deeply about great literature and to use its devices in their writing.She is the kind of teacher that students come back to visit decades later in her classroom in Manhattan Beach,Calif.Last May a national educators’ group named her its Teacher of the Year.And with the nation's public schools planning to hire 2.5 million new teachers over the next decade,Whirry is excited that each presidential candidate is pushing ways to recruit,train and reward better teachers.“They’re both talking about teacher quality,” she says.“We have a real opportunity right now.”  
Bush's plan combines most existing federal funds for professional development and class-size reduction into a flexible new fund for teacher training and recruitment,and he adds $400 million a year in new money.Bush would allow states to spend the funds as they see fit—so long as they establish teacher-accountability systems.This is similar to what Ronald Reagan did in the 1980s.But then,says Emily Feistritzer,president of the Center for Education Information,“the money disappeared.” Under Bush's plan,she says,“I worry that the money won’t go where it's intended to once it reaches the states.”  
Bush would expand funding from $2.4 million to $30 million for the Troops to Teachers program,which places veterans who want to teach in public schools.The program makes use of people like Arthur Moore,who retired in 1994 after 21 years in the Army and knew he wanted to teach.“There are a lot of people who would make excellent teachers but are discouraged by the bureaucracy of the certification process,” says Moore,45,who began teaching fourth grade in Baltimore and now tests students for special education.“Troops to Teachers is an excellent way to tap their potential by lowering the barriers.” Bush would also expand loan forgiveness for math and science majors who teach in needy schools.  
Gore's plan,endorsed by the teachers’ unions,would spend $8 billion over 10 years to help recruit 1 million new teachers,with provisions for college aid,loan forgiveness and signing bonuses.Gore would spend an additional $8 billion to provide raises of as much as $5,000 each to teachers in poor districts that have adopted aggressive plans to improve teacher quality,plus as much as $10,000 each to teachers certified by a national board. Gore would also require states to ensure that all new teachers pass rigorous assessments.Says Feistritzer:“Gore's proposal might be a little excessive in the number of teachers he wants to recruit,but his teacher testing is exactly what we need.”  
注(1):本文选自Time;  
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象:第1题模仿2005年真题Text 1第1题,第2、4、5、3题分别模仿2001年真题Text 4第2、3题和Text 3第1、2题。  
1.In the opening paragraph,the author introduces his topic by ______.  
A) quoting the Teacher of the Year  
B) citing an example  
C) making an assumption  
D) posing a contrast  
2.According to Emily Feistritzer,Bush's plan might ______.  
A) be handicapped by the states  
B) give the states too much freedom  
C) help states recruit more teachers  
D) be too flexible  
3.The basic problem many veterans encounter when they seek the teaching profession is ______.  
A) their lack of training and experience  
B) their background  
C) that they do not have the making of a teacher  
D) the barriers in the certification process  
4.From Paragraph 4 we can infer that ______.  
A) Gore's plan is better than Bush's plan  
B) poor districts will receive more funding from Gore's plan  
C) Gore's plan focuses on the number of teachers while Bush's plan on the accountability  
D) Gore's plan gives qualified teachers generous paycheck  
5.What is the passage mainly about?  
A) The competition between Bush and Gore.  
B) Two presidential candidates’ plans of teacher training,recruitment and rewarding.  
C) The increasing importance of teaching profession.  
D) The differences between Bush's plan and that of Gore’s.  
 
乔治·W·布什和艾尔·戈尔也许会一致同意这样一种说法:我们的学校需要更多的像玛丽莲·威尔瑞斯这样的老师。在过去35年中,威尔瑞斯一直鼓励中学生深入思考伟大文学作品的意义并在自己的写作中运用其中的一些创作手法。她是那种学生几十年后依旧会回到她在加州曼哈顿海滩的教室来拜访她的老师。去年五月,一个全国教师组织将她评为“年度教师”。现在全国公立学校计划在未来十年招聘250万名新教师,威尔瑞斯对于每位总统候选人都想方设法招募、培训和奖励优秀教师的做法深受鼓舞。“他们两人都谈到了教师素质的问题”,她说。“现在正是我们的大好时机。”  
现有联邦基金的大部分原来是用于职业培训和缩小课堂规模的,布什计划把这部分资金和用于教师培训和招募的新基金合在一起,再给这笔新资金每年追加四亿美元。布什允许各州在自己认为合适的情况下支配这笔基金——前提是他们必须建立教师责任制制度。这与罗纳德·里根在80年代所做的类似。不过那时,教育信息中心主席埃米莉·费斯特里泽说道:“钱都不知去向。”对于布什的计划,她说:“我担心资金到了州里会被挪做他用。”  
布什打算将用于“军人当教师”计划的资金投入从240万美元增加到3,000万美元。该计划旨在把那些想教书的退伍军人安置在公立学校,并任用像阿瑟·摩尔这样的人。阿瑟·摩尔在军中服役21年后于1994年退役,有教书的愿望。“很多人本来可以成为出色的教师,但由于认证过程中的官僚主义而受阻。”现年45岁的摩尔说道。他最初在巴尔的摩教四年级学生,现在负责给接受特殊教育的学生做测试工作。“‘军人当教师’计划可以降低门槛,激发退役军人的潜能,是非常好的计划。”布什还计划增加数学和理科专业出身的在贫困学校教书的退伍军人的贷款免除额。  
戈尔的方案得到了教师工会的支持。该方案计划在10年内斥资80亿美元帮助招募100万名新教师,并拨款为大学提供资助,实行贷款免除以及发放奖金。此外,戈尔计划再花80亿美元给为提高教师质量采取积极策略的贫困地区的每位教师增加5,000美元工资,另外,给每位获得国家教育委员会证书的教师10,000美元。戈尔还要求各州确保所有的新教师都能通过严格的评估。费斯特里泽说:“戈尔计划招募的教师人数也许有点多,但他的教师测试提案正是我们所需要的。”  
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