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《考研英语阅读理解100篇 基础版》第6章 教育类 Unit 76

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2019年01月19日

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Carmen Arace Middle School is situated in the pastoral town of Bloomfield,Conn.,but four years ago it faced many of the same challenges as inner-city schools in nearby Hartford: low scores on standardized tests,dropping enrollment and high rates of detention.Then the school's hard-driving principal,Delores Bolton,persuaded her board to shake up the place by buying a laptop computer for each student and teacher to use,in school and at home. For good measure,the board provided wireless Internet access at school.Total cost: $2.5 million. 
Now,an hour before classes start,every seat in the library is taken by students eager to get online.Fifth-grade teacher Jen Friday talks about sedimentary rocks as students view them at a colorful website.After school,students on buses pull laptops from backpacks to get started on homework.Since the computers arrived,enrollment is up 20%.Disciplinary suspensions are down 80%.Scores on state achievement tests are up 35%.Bolton,who is black,is proud to run“a school with 90% black enrollment that is on the cutting edge.” 
Indeed,school systems in rural Maine and New York City are eager to follow Arace Middle School's example.Governor Angus King has proposed using $50 million from an unexpected budget surplus to buy a laptop for all of Maine's 17,000 seventh-graders—and for new seventh-graders each fall.The funds would create a permanent endowment whose interest would help buy the computers.The plan,scaled back to $30 million in a compromise with the legislature,is scheduled to be voted on this week. 
In the same spirit,the New York City board of education voted unanimously on April 12 to create a school Internet portal,which would make money by selling ads and licensing e-commerce sites.The portal will also provide e-mail service for the city's 1.1 million public school students.Profits will be used to buy laptops for each of the school system's 87,000 fourth-graders.Within nine years,all students in grades 4 and higher will have their own computers. 
Back in Bloomfield,the school board is seeking federal grant money to expand its laptop program to high school students.In the meantime,most of the kinks have been worked out.Some students were using their computers to goof off or visit unauthorized websites.But teachers have the ability to track where students have been on the Web and to restrict them.“That is the worst when they disable you,” says eighth-grade honors student Jamie Bassell.“You go through laptop withdrawal.” The habit is rubbing off on parents.“I taught my mom to use e-mail,” says another eighth-grader,Katherine Hypolite.“And now she's taking computer classes.I’m so proud of her!” 
注(1):本文选自Time; 
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象:第1~5题分别模仿1994年真题Text 4第1~4题和Text 3第4题。 
1.The example of Carmen Arace Middle School in the text is used to ______. 
A) show the challenges schools are faced with today 
B) prove that a school with high black enrollment can do well 
C) emphasize the importance of computers and the Internet in modern education 
D) indicate that laptops can help improve students’ school performance 
2.According to the author,students in New York City's public schools will ______. 
A) all have their own laptops within nine years 
B) become more interested in their class activities with the application of laptop 
C) spend more time visiting unauthorized websites with the expansion of the laptop program 
D) enjoy e-mail service provided by the city's school system in the near future 
3.By introducing the laptop program,Delore Bolton has ______. 
A) shaken the beliefs of both teachers’ and students’ 
B) witnessed a remarkable improvement in enrollment and students’ test scores 
C) found herself followers all over the country 
D) revolutionized class-room teaching in public schools 
4.The word“kink” (Line 2,Paragraph 5)most probably means ______. 
A) plan 
B) method 
C) problem 
D) process 
5.From the passage we learn that ______. 
A) the laptop program also has a positive influence on parents 
B) the laptop program in public schools is sponsored mainly by endowment 
C) a school Internet portal is the key to a laptop program 
D) students generally like the idea of having their online activities tracked 

卡曼·阿雷斯中学位于康涅狄格州的宁静小镇布卢姆菲尔德,但四年前它与附近的哈特福德市市区学校一样面临着许多同样的问题:标准化考试成绩较差,入学率连年下降,留级率居高不下。后来该校作风强硬的校长德洛丽斯·博尔顿说服校董事会给每个学生和老师购置一台笔记本电脑供他们使用,这一举措在当地引起了不小的震动。此外,校董事会还为学校提供了无线上网的便利条件。总耗资为250万美元。 
现在,在上课前一小时,图书馆里就坐满了想要上网的学生。五年级教师詹在星期五的课上讨论沉积岩,同时学生们可以从一个内容丰富的网站上观看沉积岩。下课后,坐上公交车的学生就把笔记本电脑从背包里拿出来,开始做作业。自从有了电脑以后,学校的入学率上升了20%,留级率下降了80%。参加全州水平考试的成绩也提高了35%。学校“黑人入学率高达90%,教育质量领先”,黑人校长博尔顿对此倍感自豪。 
其实,缅因州和纽约市的农村地区的学校都很渴望采用卡曼·阿雷斯中学的做法。州长安格斯·金已经提议从意外增加的预算盈余中拨出500万美元给所有缅因州17,000名七年级学生购置一台笔记本电脑——这项措施将适应每年秋季升入七年级的新生。这些资金将会长久持续下去,专门用于购置电脑。这一计划最终和立法机关妥协之后,金额裁减到300万美元,本周将对这一计划进行投票表决。 
基于同样的考虑,纽约市教育局在4月12日一致投票同意创建一个学校互联网门户,以销售广告和特许电子商务网站实现盈利。这一门户还能为城里的110万公立中学的学生提供电子邮件服务。门户利润将被用来给教育系统内87,000名四年级的每个学生购置一台笔记本电脑。在九年之内,所有四年级和更高年级的学生都将拥有他们自己的电脑。 
在布卢姆菲尔德,校董事会正在寻求联邦津贴,将笔记本电脑项目扩展到中学生中。与此同时,操作指南的大部分内容也已经做出来了。一些学生曾经用电脑访问未授权网站来打发时间,不过教师可以跟踪学生的网上活动并对他们进行限制。“最糟糕的就是他们让你无法访问这些网站,”八年级优秀生杰米·巴塞尔说。“你不得不退出笔记本电脑。”这种习惯还能对家长产生影响。“我教妈妈使用电子邮件,”另一位八年级学生凯瑟琳·海珀莱特说道。“现在她正在学习电脑课程。我真为她骄傲!” 
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