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《考研英语阅读理解100篇 基础版》第6章 教育类 Unit 81

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2019年01月20日

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When I applied under Early Decision to the University of Pennsylvania four years ago,I was motivated by two powerful emotions: ambition and fear.The ambition was to fulfill my lifelong expectation of attending an Ivy League school; the fear was that without the advantage offered by Early Decision,I wouldn’t make the cut.A Penn admissions officer told me that the previous year they had accepted 45 percent of Early Decision applicants and just 29 percent of total applicants.The implication was clear: applying under Early Decision dramatically improves your chances of acceptance.At Brown University,my other favorite,applying early did not confer any advantage.While Brown was my No.1 choice,Penn was a close second,and I desperately wanted to make sure I got into one of the two. 
I applied just before the Nov.1 deadline,and six weeks later I got my acceptance package.I was thrilled and relieved.While my friends spent winter vacation finishing as many as 18 applications each,I relaxed.On a school trip to France over spring break,I drank wine while everyone else struggled with international calling cards to phone home and find out where they’d been accepted.People cried about getting rejected,or began the difficult and agonizing process of choosing between two or more schools.Strangely,none of this made me feel better about having applied early.It made me feel worse.When a lot of people from my class got into Brown,I wondered if I,too,could have. 
Penn sent a discombobulating array of material to incoming freshmen over the summer.As the pile of mail mounted,so did my concerns that I had made the wrong choice.I had been to Penn only one day,in October of my senior year.I realize now I did not know nearly enough about myself or the school.Picking classes was far more arcane than I had expected (or than it would have been at a smaller school).And when I got to the campus,I found that fraternities and sororities were a more noticeable and obnoxious presence than the 30 percent student membership had suggested to me. 
It wasn’t long before I knew Penn was not right for me and I looked into transferring.For me,it was about more than just changing schools.I wanted to have the traditional application experience I’d missed out on during my first go-round.The only school on my list that allowed transfers during the second semester of freshman year was Wesleyan,so I waited out the whole year,then applied to Yale,Brown and Wesleyan.I got into Wesleyan.The irony that I could have gotten in sooner,without getting rejected by the other schools,was not lost on me.But I know I made the right decision. 
To high-school seniors who want to avoid making the same mistake I did,my advice is simple: don’t apply under Early Decision unless you are absolutely sure that the school is your first choice.And,just as important,don’t let your parents or college-guidance counselor persuade you to apply under Early Decision.They may have their own agenda,or at least their own perception of who you are and what you want.As I discovered,no one can really know what you want better than yourself,and even you may need time to figure out what that is. 
注(1):本文选自Newsweek; 
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象为2002年真题Text 3。 
1.The main reasons for the author to apply under Early Decision are ______. 
A) pride and ambition 
B) dream and fear 
C) easiness and effort-saving 
D) trouble-saving and release 
2.It can be inferred from the text that the main advantage of Early Decision is that ______. 
A) you can graduate from the high school earlier 
B) you don’t need to worry about the results 
C) you needn’t take the entrance examination 
D) you’re more likely to be accepted 
3.The description of the author's feelings in Paragraph 2 shows that ______. 
A) he is satisfied with his choice 
B) there are many advantages of being accepted earlier 
C) less effort is needed under Early Decision 
D) he is happy with but doubts about his decision 
4.We can draw a conclusion from the text that ______. 
A) a full consideration is needed before applying 
B) students should avoid the shortcut 
C) a quick decision will do you no good 
D) the author shouldn’t apply under Early Decision 
5.From the text we can see that the writer seems ______. 
A) regretful 
B) optimistic 
C) gloomy 
D) sensitive 

四年前,当我根据“提前决定”的原则申请宾夕法尼亚州立大学的时候,有两种强烈的情感促使我这么做:雄心和恐惧。我的雄心是我要实现上名牌大学的夙愿,恐惧的是如果没有“提前决定”政策带来的有利条件,我就无法走此捷径。宾夕法尼亚州立大学负责招生工作的人告诉我,去年他们录取了45%的“提前决定”的考生,而从其他申请者中只录取了总数的29%。这就清楚地表明:“提前决定”政策能大大提高被录取的几率。布朗大学是我青睐的另一所学校,但提前申请没有任何好处。布朗大学是我的第一个选择,而宾夕法尼亚州立大学是我的第二选择,我非常希望我能保证进入其中的一所。 
在11月1日这个最后期限之前,我提交了申请。六周之后,我收到了录取书。我激动万分,如释重负。当我的朋友们在寒假期间忙着提交多达18份申请书的时候,我悠然自得。在学校组织的春假法国之旅中,当我悠然喝酒的时候,其他同学却忧心忡忡,用国际电话卡打电话回家看自己是否被录取。有人因为没被录取而伤心落泪,有人开始艰难而又痛苦地从两所或更多的学校中进行选择。奇怪的是,我没有因为已经提前申请好了而感到高兴,相反,我感觉很糟糕。当我班有很多同学考上了布朗大学时,我特别想知道如果我也报考的话,是否也能考上。 
宾夕法尼亚州立大学给暑期过后即将入学的新生寄来了一大堆令人困惑的材料。随着邮件的增多,我的担心也随着增长。我担心我做出了错误的选择。我只在宾夕法尼亚州立大学待过一天,那是在我毕业那年的十月份。我现在意识到我不仅对自己也对这所学校缺乏足够的了解。选课让我着实摸不着头脑,这远远超过了我预想的情况(或起码比稍小点的学校情况复杂)。进校后,我发现,大学生联谊会比比皆是,其讨嫌程度远胜过吸引我入会的所谓30%的各类学生会员。 
没过多久我就发现宾夕法尼亚州立大学不适合我,于是我就着手转学。对我来说,这不仅仅是换学校的问题。我想弥补我在第一轮申请中错过的传统申请经历。允许我选择在第一年第二学期转学的唯一一所学校是卫斯理教派大学。我等了整整一年,接着又申请了耶鲁大学、布朗大学和卫斯理教派大学。我能很快被卫斯理教派大学录取。我本来可以在未遭到其他学校拒绝的情况下被该校录取,但这种极具讽刺意味的事这回又在我身上应验了。不过,我知道这次的决定是正确的。 
对于那些想避免犯跟我一样错误的高中毕业班的学生来说,我的建议很简单:除非你百分之百确定那所学校就是你的第一选择,否则不要按“提前决定”的政策进行申请。还有一点也很重要,不要让你的父母或者大学指导顾问说服你去按“提前决定”的政策进行申请。他们可能有他们自己的计划,或者他们至少对你的为人和你的期望有自己的看法。我认为,没人能比你自己更能真正了解你想要什么,甚至有时我们也需要时间来思考一下自己想要什么。 
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