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《考研英语阅读理解100篇 基础版》第7章 医药类 Unit 94

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2019年01月25日

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I had two routine checkups last week,and both the eye doctor and the dentist asked me to update my health history for their records.Their requests made sense.Health-care providers should know what problems their patients have had and what medications they’re taking to be on the lookout for potential trouble or complications. 
On each history,however,the section labeled FAMILY HEALTH HISTORY gave me pause.Few diseases are purely genetic,but plenty have genetic components.If my father suffered from elevated LDL,or bad cholesterol,my doctor should know that,because I’m probably at higher risk.If my mother had breast cancer,my sister (if I had one)would want her physician to be especially vigilant. 
While I know something about the history of my parents’ health—my father had prostate cancer at a relatively young age and suffered from macular degeneration and Parkinson's disease,and my mother died of lung cancer—there's plenty I don’t know. What were my parents’ cholesterol numbers and blood pressures? I assume I would have known if either suffered from diabetes,but I can’t swear to that.And when it comes to my grandparents,whose genes I also have,I’m even more in the dark. 
That makes me fairly typical.According to Dr.Richard Carmona,the U.S.Surgeon General,only about a third of Americans have even tried to put together a family-health history.That's why he has launched the Family History Initiative and declared Thanksgiving National Family History Day.Sitting around the turkey talking about cancer and heart disease may seem like a grim thing to do when you’re supposed to be giving thanks for everything that's going right.But since many families will be gathering for the holiday anyway,it's a perfect time to create a medical family tree. 
And the Surgeon General is making it easy: if you go to hhs.gov/familyhistory,you can use the Frequently Asked Questions link to find out which diseases tend to run in families,which ones you should be most and least worried about,and what to do if,like me,your parents and grandparents have passed away.You can also download a free piece of software called My Family Health Portrait,which helps you organize the information.The program prints that out in an easy-to-read form you can give to your doctors. 
The website insists the software is“fun,” but that may be going a bit far.In any case,it's available only for Windows machines,so Mac users and people without computers have to use a printed version of the tree.It's worth it,though,since it could help save your life or the life of your children someday. 
注(1):本文选自Time; 
注(2):本文习题命题模仿对象为2005年真题Text 1。 
1.In the opening paragraph,the author introduces his topic by ______. 
A) posing a contrast 
B) justifying an assumption 
C) explaining a phenomenon 
D) making a comparison 
2.The statement“I assume I would have known if either suffered from diabetes”(Line 4,Paragraph 3)implies that ______. 
A) only one of them suffered from diabetes 
B) neither of them suffered from diabetes 
C) both of them suffered from diabetes 
D) it's uncertain whether they suffered from diabetes or not 
3.Family health report is very important because ______. 
A) you can be careful about some diseases and keep fit 
B) you are connected with your parents and your grandparents 
C) many diseases are genetic and should be noticed 
D) you should be considerate and care about your parents 
4.Dr.Richard Carmona suggests that ______. 
A) you should present your doctor with a medical history 
B) you should print out your family's medical history 
C) you should gather your family's medical history 
D) you should give thanks for everything that is going right 
5.What can we infer from the last paragraph? 
A) The software is fun enough. 
B) Family medical tree shouldn’t be neglected. 
C) The software is not available anywhere. 
D) It is worthwhile to draw a family tree. 

上周,我做了两项常规体检,体检的眼科医生和牙医让我为他们写的病历提供新的健康记录。他们的要求是有道理的。保健服务人员确实应该知道他们的病人得过什么病,还在服用别的什么药。这样做的目的是为了预防潜在的病症或者是并发症。 
然而,在每一项记录中,唯独“家族健康史”这一栏让我感到踌躇。尽管没有哪种疾病完全是遗传的,但是很多疾病都有遗传的因素。如果我的父亲患过低密度脂蛋白升高或是胆固醇不好这样的病的话,我的医生应该知道这些情况,因为我患此病的可能性较高。如果我的母亲曾患过乳腺癌的话,我的姐姐(如果我有一个姐姐的话)会让医生格外留心她这方面的问题。 
虽然我了解一些有关我父母的健康状况——父亲很年轻的时候就得了前列腺癌,并且还得了黄斑变性和帕金森氏症;母亲死于肺癌——但是还有很多我不了解的。我父母的胆固醇指数和血压是多少?如果他们俩有人得了糖尿病的话,我想我可能会知道,但也不敢保证。我身上也有我祖父母的基因,有关他们的健康情况,我就更是一无所知了。 
我的这些情况都是相当典型的。据美国公共卫生部部长理查德·卡莫纳博士所说,只有三分之一的美国人试图整理他们的家族健康记录。这就是他为什么发起家族历史倡议并宣布感恩节为全国家庭历史纪念日的原因。围坐在火鸡旁,本应该去感谢所有一切顺利的事情,但现在却要谈论癌症、心脏病什么的,这真令人生厌。然而,由于许多家庭都会设法聚在一起过节日,所以这真的是谱写家族医学病史的绝好时机。 
这位公共卫生部部长简化了操作程序:登录网站hhs.gov/familyhistory,使用Frequently Asked Questions(常见问题)这一链接来寻找以下信息:哪些疾病容易在家族里传播;哪些疾病最应该担心,哪些最不用担心;像我这样,如果父母和祖父母都已去世了,该怎么办。同时,用户还能免费下载一个叫做“我的家族健康描述”这样的软件。它能够帮助整理信息,并以简单易读的形式把这些信息打印出来,以便提供给你的医生。 
这个网址强调这个软件具有“趣味性”,但它的作用不止于此。不管怎么样,这个软件只适用于装有Windows的机器。因此Mac用户和没有电脑的人只能使用打印样本。但这还是值得去做的,因为将来某一天这可能会挽救你自己或者是你的孩子的生命。 
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