考研英语 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
> 考研英语 > 考研英语阅读 >  内容

《考研英语阅读理解100篇 高分版》 Unit 16 - TEXT TWO

所属教程:考研英语阅读

浏览:

qinting

2019年02月14日

手机版
扫描二维码方便学习和分享

From its birth in 1981 with just two employees, the Government of Singapore Investment Corporation has become one of the world's largest sovereign funds, managing more than $100 billion in assets, with 900 employees in eight offices around the world. It is larger even than Temasek Holdings, the government's better-known fund. Temasek gained attention with its $1.9 billion purchase of a controlling stake in Thailand's dominant telecommunications company from the family of the country's prime minister. That helped stir street protests that led to a coup d'etat there last year.
The stake was part of a broader expansion started in mid-2002 by the company's executive director, Ho Ching, formerly head of government-owned Singapore Technologies and wife of Singapore's prime minister, Lee Hsien Loong. Aimed at reviving Temasek's financial performance in the wake of a recession, Temasek has since taken large stakes in banks as distant as India, China and the Standard Chartered Bank of Britain. Temasek says its investments are purely for financial purposes despite its ownership by the government. Nonetheless, it has run into political headwinds in the region. An Indonesian court recently ruled that it would have to sell one of the controlling stakes it holds, one directly and the other through a subsidiary, in the country's two dominant cellular telephone companies.
Over the last few years, Singapore has embarked on an aggressive effort to court private banks and their clients as a way of diversifying the economy as manufacturing jobs were shifting to China and Vietnam, turning the country into an Asian asset base. There are already at least 40 private banks with offices in Singapore, managing assets worth at least $150 billion. With many wealthy Europeans shifting assets to Singapore from Switzerland to take advantage of rapid Asian growth and avoid new withholding taxes in Europe, the European authorities have stepped up criticism of Singapore's banking system, saying that Singapore needed to tighten controls against money laundering.
Singaporean financial authorities say they do not condone money laundering and recently stepped up fines against banks found to be involved in illicit financial activity. The Government Investment Corporation, known as G.I.C., is controlled by the state, and Singapore's founding prime minister, Lee Kuan Yew, is its chairman. His son, the current prime minister, is deputy chairman. Tony Tan, its executive director, is a former deputy prime minister.
Both Temasek and G.I.C. have aggressively recruited top international financial talent, and G.I.C. in particular has a reputation among bankers and analysts as a shrewd and powerful investor. More than 40 percent of its employees are not Singaporean. Its investment panel includes Charles Ellis, chairman of the Yale University Investment Committee, and Robert Litterman, a managing director of Goldman Sachs Asset Management. Despite managing public funds, G.I.C. does not publicize its holdings or returns. Last year on its 25th anniversary, Lee Kuan Yew offered the company's first financial disclosure, reporting that G.I.C. had averaged a 9.5 percent annual return in United States dollar terms over its lifetime.
1. The passage mainly discusses about _____.
[A] Singapore's financial strategy in recent years
[B] conditions about the two large government funds in Singapore
[C] the transformation or evolution of Singapore's banking system
[D] the close relation between Singapore's financial system and the government
2. From the first paragraph, it can be inferred that _____.
[A] Singaporeans are against the purchase of controlling stake in Thailand's telecommunica-tions company
[B] Singaporeans think that Temasek's purchase is indeed a political deal
[C] Singaporeans think that Temasek's purchase will make them have a loss
[D] Thais are reluctant to let Temasek to control their telecommunications company
3. Which one of the following statements is TRUE of Temasek Holdings?
[A] Temasek Holdings seems to be quite reluctant to interfere within the political issue of the countries it invests into.
[B] Temasek Holdings will sell one of the controlling stakes in Indonesian mobile telephone companies directly and through a subsidiary.
[C] Temasek Holdings conducts such expansion in order to change its depression.
[D] Temasek Holdings has not only subtle relations with Singapore's political elite, but also those of neighboring countries.
4. Many Europeans shift assets to Singapore due to the following reasons except that _____.
[A] they want to invest into Asia so as to gain more profits
[B] they want to conduct money laundering by tactically avoiding taxes
[C] they want to carry out illegal financial activity in Asia
[D] they think the investment environment in Europe is not attracting
5. The word “condone” (Line 1, Paragraph 4) most probably means _____.
[A] encourage
[B] allow
[C] remit
[D] permit

1. The passage mainly discusses about _____.
[A] Singapore's financial strategy in recent years
[B] conditions about the two large government funds in Singapore
[C] the transformation or evolution of Singapore's banking system
[D] the close relation between Singapore's financial system and the government
1. 这篇文章主要讨论了 _____。
[A] 新加坡近些年来的金融策略
[B] 新加坡两大政府基金的情况
[C] 新加坡银行系统的转型或发展
[D] 新加坡的金融系统与政府之间的密切关系
答案:B 难度系数:☆☆☆
分析:主旨题。这篇文章主要分析了新加坡两个大的政府基金的情况,也顺带提到了新加坡的金融策略和经济转型的问题,但主要还是围绕这两大基金来谈论的。因此,答案为选项B。而选项A和C是不正确的。此外,虽然主要谈论的是政府基金,但是所谓的金融系统与政府之间的密切关系并不是文章的重点,只是有所提及而已。
2. From the first paragraph, it can be inferred that _____.
[A] Singaporeans are against the purchase of controlling stake in Thailand's telecommunications company
[B] Singaporeans think that Temasek's purchase is indeed a political deal
[C] Singaporeans think that Temasek's purchase will make them have a loss
[D] Thais are reluctant to let Temasek to control their telecommunications company
2. 从第一段可以推断出 _____。
[A] 新加坡人反对购买泰国电信公司的绝对股权
[B] 新加坡人认为Temasek的收购行为实际上是有政治目的的
[C] 新加坡人认为Temasek的收购行为会给他们带来损失
[D] 泰国人不愿意让Temasek控制他们的电信公司
答案:D 难度系数:☆☆☆
分析:细节题。解题的关键是要理解这句话:That helped stir street protests that led to a coup d'etat there last year. 要搞清楚这是在哪里发生的,根据英语的指称习惯,指的应该就是前面说的泰国。因此,答案为D。
3. Which one of the following statements is TRUE of Temasek Holdings?
[A] Temasek Holdings seems to be quite reluctant to interfere within the political issue of the countries it invests into.
[B] Temasek Holdings will sell one of the controlling stakes in Indonesian mobile telephone companies directly and through a subsidiary.
[C] Temasek Holdings conducts such expansion in order to change its depression.
[D] Temasek Holdings has not only subtle relations with Singapore's political elite, but also those of neighboring countries.
3. 关于Temasek控股公司,下列哪项陈述是正确的?
[A] Temasek看起来非常不愿意干涉它所投资国家的政治事务。
[B] Temasek将会将自己在印尼移动电话公司的绝对股权直接和通过子公司卖出。
[C] Temasek向外扩张,为了扭转其萧条的局面。
[D] Temasek不仅与新加坡的政治精英阶层有微妙的关系,而且与邻国的关系也非常微妙。
答案:C 难度系数:☆☆☆☆
分析:细节题。关于Temasek基金的内容主要在文章的第一段和第二段有所提及。选项A,文章没有提到Temasek对于其所投资国家的政治事务的态度问题,所以该选项不正确。选项B,第二段提到它是直接和通过子公司来控股,而不是卖出股份,因此该选项错误。选项C,第二段提到该基金为了在萧条后重振雄风,才到其他地方购买股份,因此该陈述正确。选项D,文章提到了该基金与政府的关系,也提到了其在周边邻国的投资,但是没有涉及这种所谓的subtle relations。因此,正确答案为C。
4. Many Europeans shift assets to Singapore due to the following reasons except that _____.
[A] they want to invest into Asia so as to gain more profits
[B] they want to conduct money laundering by tactically avoiding taxes
[C] they want to carry out illegal financial activity in Asia
[D] they think the investment environment in Europe is not attracting
4. 许多欧洲人将资金转移到新加坡,是因为下列除了 _____ 外的其他原因。
[A] 他们想要在亚洲投资,以获得更丰厚的利润
[B] 他们想要通过巧妙避税来洗钱
[C] 他们想要在亚洲从事非法的金融活动
[D] 他们认为欧洲的投资环境不那么有吸引力
答案:B 难度系数:☆
分析:细节题。第三段提到了这个问题,谈到欧洲人转移资产是为了分享亚洲经济快速增长的成果,逃避欧洲新设立的税收,那么选项A和 D是他们转移资产的原因。而从欧洲当局的批评以及新加坡的回应可以看出,部分资金是用来进行非法交易了,因此选项C也是对的。而选项B, 他们是想要避税,而不是通过避税来洗钱。因此,正确答案为B。
5. The word “condone” (Line 1, Paragraph 4) most probably means _____.
[A] encourage
[B] allow
[C] remit
[D] permit
5. condone这个词(第四段第一行)最有可能的意思是 _____。
[A] 鼓励
[B] 允许
[C] 宽恕
[D] 同意
答案:C 难度系数:☆☆☆
分析:猜词题。根据上下文,新加坡采取了比较大的处罚力度,由此可以推断,他们是不会容忍这种行为的,因此选项C正确。选项B不符合语法。

新加坡政府投资集团于1981年成立,当时只有两名员工,而今天已经成为世界最大的独立基金之一,管理的资产超过了一千亿美元,在全世界拥有八个办事处,900名员工。该基金的规模甚至比政府最有名的基金Temasek控股公司还要大。Temasek耗资19亿美元从新加坡总理家族手里购买了泰国最大的电信公司的控股权,从而引起人们的注意。这促成了上街游行抗议,导致了去年的政变。
购买该股权是公司扩展计划的一部分,该计划由公司的执行董事Ho Ching于2002年年中开始实施。Ho Ching是政府所有的新加坡科技公司的前总裁,也是新加坡总理李显龙的夫人。Temasek为了在经济萧条后财务业绩能重振雄风,从那时开始就持有大量的远在印度、中国和英国渣打银行的股份。Temasek称自己虽然归政府所有,但是其投资只是出于经济目的。然而,公司还是卷入了该地区的政治风波。印尼一法庭最近裁定Temasek卖出其所持有的印尼两大垄断移动电话公司中一家的控股权——Temasek对这两家一为直接控股,一为通过其子公司控股。
在过去的几年中,随着制造业转向中国和越南,新加坡致力于吸引私有银行及其客户,从而增加其经济的多样性,将新加坡打造成为亚洲的资金大本营。目前已经有至少40家私有银行将办事处设在新加坡,管理的资产价值最少有1,500亿美元。许多欧洲的富人都将资产从瑞士转移到新加坡,以分享亚洲经济快速增长的成果,并且逃避欧洲新的代扣所得税,因此欧洲当局都在批评新加坡的银行体系,称新加坡需要加紧控制洗钱。
新加坡的财政部门称,他们不会姑息洗钱活动,最近还对那些被发现涉及非法金融活动的银行加大了处罚力度。政府投资集团(G.I.C.)由国家控制,新加坡的第一任总理李光耀担任主席。他的儿子,即现任总理担任副主席,而执行董事Tony Tan是前副总理。
Temasek和政府投资集团聘请了国际最知名的金融专家,尤其是政府投资集团还在银行家和分析师中间享有精明、强大的投资家的美誉。其40%以上的员工不是新加坡人。其投资顾问团包括耶鲁大学投资委员会主席Charles Ellis以及高盛资产管理公司常务董事Robert Litterman。尽管政府投资集团管理的是公募基金,却不公开其持有的股份和收益。在去年集团的25周年庆典上,李光耀第一次公开了公司的财务状况,宣布以美元来计算的话,有平均9.5%的年收益。
用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
用户搜索

疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

  • 频道推荐
  • |
  • 全站推荐
  • 广播听力
  • |
  • 推荐下载
  • 网站推荐