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> 公共英语 > 公共英语考试教程 > 全国公共英语等级考试一级 >  第7课

2018全国英语等级考试试题pets1级阅读理解(4)

所属教程:全国公共英语等级考试一级

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2018年04月13日

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  阅读下面短文,从A.(Right)、B.(Wrong)、C.(Doesn’t Say)三个判断中选择一个正确 选项,并在答题卡l上将该项涂黑。

  第56题单选修改

  Internet(因特网)use seems to cause a decline(下降)in psychological(心理的)health,which is reported by a study.

  Even people who spent just a few hours a week on the Internet felt more depression(沮丧)and loneliness than those who spent little time on the Internet, the two-year study showed. And it wasn't that people who were already feeling bad spent more time on the Internet, but that using the Internet seems to cause the bad feelings.

  Scientists are surprised at the results, which were quite different from what they thought before. They thought that the Internet would make people psychologically healthier than TV, since on the Internet users are free to choose their information and to communicate(交流)with others.

  However, the scientists also said, when people spend a lot of time or even all the day time on the lntemet, there is no time left for them to be with their family and friends. They can' t have real conversations. Another possible reason is that people can see the outside world on the Internet and it makes them less satisfied(满意的)with their lives.

  "But it' s important to remember this is not about the Internet itself; it' s about how it is used, " one of the scientists says.

  阅读上列短文,回答{TSE}题.

  1.Internet use seems to be bad for people' s psychological health.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Doesn' t Say

  答案及解析

  A【题型】细节题

  【解析】这一道题目的意思实际上就是文章中第一句 “Internet use seems to cause a decline in psychological health”所要表示的意思。

  2.People are free to choose their information when watching TV.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Doesn' t Say

  参考解析:B【题型】推理题

  【解析】文章第三段说因特网比电视对心理更健康,因为人们可以在网上自由选择信息,由此可见,人们不能在电视上自由选择信息。

  3.The more time you spend on the Internet, the less time you are with your family and friends.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Doesn' t Say

  参考解析:A【题型】细节题

  【解析】第四段说的是上网减少了人们与家人和朋友相处的时间,故A选项是正确的。

  4.People are not satisfied with their lives so they spend lots of time on the Intemet.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Doesn' t Say

  参考解析:B【题型】细节题

  【解析】第四段 “Another possible reason is that people call see the outside world on the Intemet and it makes them less satisfied with their lives.”的意思是通过互联网接触到外部世界使人们对自己的生活不满。

  5.The scientists told people to use Intemet less.

  A.Right

  B.Wrong

  C.Doesn' t Say

  参考解析:C【题型】推理题

  【解析】文章说明了因特网町能对心理健康有影响,但最后科学家也说了这不是网络本身的问题,因此文章并没有说要人们少用网络。

  参考译文

  研究表明,使用因特网可能会导致心理健康程度下降。

  两年的研究表明,上网次数多的人与较少的人相比,即使是一周仅上网几小时也会经常地感觉到沮丧和孤独。这不是说已经有不良感觉的人在网上花费了更多的时间,而是说使用因特网似乎确实诱发了人们的不良感觉。

  研究人员对这些结果感到很惊奇,因为这与他们之前所想的不同。他们先前认为,和看电视相比,上网可能更健康一些,因为网络允许使用者选择自己需要的信息并且和别人进行交流。

  但是,科学家说,上网使网民减少了和家人及朋友共度的时光,这也许可以解释他们 ·心理健康状况下降的原因。他们不能够进行面对面的真实交谈。还有一个可能的原因就是,网民通过因特网所了解到的外部世界使他们对自己的生活不那么满意了。

  “然而,重要的是不要忘记这与技术本身是无关的,问题在于如何使用因特网。”一位科学家称。


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