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全国公共英语等级考试三级 b

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[00:00.00]Questions 14-17 are based on a press interview at a politician's office.

[00:13.92]You now have 20 seconds to read the questions.

[00:19.10]W:Edward Heath,you seem to have had two consuming passions in your life,

[00:44.49]music and politics.

[00:47.49]Is it important for a leader to have an escape like music or art?

[00:53.39]M:I don't regard it as an escape,

[00:56.97]but I think it's very important that leaders should have a wide variety of interests.

[01:03.16]If you are just a politician and nothing but a politician,

[01:08.55]you gradually drive yourself into the ground.

[01:12.62]You become very inwardlooking and very narrow-minded.

[01:17.51]But if you've got other interests,

[01:20.90]you come back to problems with a fresh mind

[01:24.79]and you can serve your electors much better than you could otherwise.

[01:30.07]W:Where did this interest of yours come from?

[01:34.15]Was yours a musical family?

[01:37.52]M:It wasn't musical in the sense that Mozart's father was a professional musician

[01:43.50]and Bach had brothers and sons who were musicians.

[01:48.20]On the other hand,my mother and father both wanted to encourage me in music

[01:54.49]and my brother as well He became a violinist while I was a pianist.

[02:00.76]W:What about politics?Was yours a political family?

[02:05.54]M:It wasn't at all.My father I think,would have described himself as a Liberal.

[02:12.15]I became interested in politics at school,

[02:16.46]very largely through a debating society.

[02:20.25]I've always enjoyed debating and arguing with people.

[02:24.85]W:It is one thing to be interested in politics;

[02:29.26]it is another to want a political career.

[02:33.16]M:Well.I became seriously interested in politics towards the end of the war;

[02:39.45]not in a party sense but in a general sense:

[02:43.76]that we couldn't allow Europe to tear itself apart again.

[02:48.46]If we were going to survive

[02:51.86]then we ought to do something about it after the war.

[02:55.65]You have one minute to answer questions 14-17.

[03:02.05]14.Why,according to Heath,

[03:06.64]is it important to have a variety of interests?

[03:09.62](A)It is an escape from the routine headaches.

[03:13.02](A)It is an escape from the routine headaches.

[03:16.31](B)It can give a political leader a clear mind and strong sense of duty.

[03:19.99](C)It can make a leader inward-looking and narrow-minded

[03:23.70](D)It makes a politician serve his electors worse.

[03:27.80]15.What kind of family was Heath probably from?

[03:31.91](A)a typical musical family like Mozart's

[03:35.90](B)a typical political family like Kennedy's

[03:39.69](C)a family,the members of which are music lovers

[03:43.58](D)a family,the members of which are fond of politics

[03:47.68]16.How did Heath become interested in politics?

[03:51.58](A)When he was a schoolboy he became interested in debate.

[03:55.57](B)When he was a schoolboy he began worshipping a famous political leader.

[04:02.47](C)It was music that lead him to politics.

[04:06.47](D)His father forced him to enter political circle.

[04:10.46]17.What made him determined to go into British politics?

[04:13.75](A)war(B)music(C)passion(D)family

[04:16.65]Questions 18-21 are based on the following dialogue.

[04:27.05]You now have 20 seconds to read the questions.

[04:32.64]M:Ah,good morning.Mrs.Miles?W:Yes.M:How do you do.

[04:59.13]Julian Alien from Sun Insurance.

[05:02.92]I've come to make a damage report on the house.

[05:06.70]I'm visiting quite a few houses in this area actually.

[05:11.51]Storm did a lot of damage. W:Well.you have been quick.

[05:16.29]I only phoned two days ago.

[05:19.37]M:I know.We like to try and settle claims as soon as possible.

[05:24.96]M:Good.Let's start here at the front,shall we?

[05:31.05]Er,you've got a lot of tiles missing off the roof.

[05:36.35]W:Yes,and the TV.aerial's fallen down.

[05:40.56]W:Hum,you can the bedroom window on the left was smashed.

[05:45.76]I've just put some boards over it.M:O.K.Anything else?

[05:50.96]W:Er...yes.The chimney was damaged as well.

[05:55.34]you can just about see if you look.

[05:58.74]M:Ah,yes.Some of the bricks have blown off.

[06:03.13]Right,let's walk round to the back.W:Here we are.

[06:08.33]M:Goodness,that tree's fallen down right onto the fence!W:Yes.

[06:13.81]It's a real pity.Lovely tree that was.

[06:18.31]The shed roof was damaged too,I'm afraid.

[06:21.70]M:Oh yes.Well,that's also covered in your policy.

[06:26.69]W:The,er...kitchen window on the right was broken and part of the garden wall collapsed too.

[06:33.80]M:I see.OK.I've got all that.W:Um,that's about it.I think.M:Good.

[06:42.89]I'll write up my report and we'll let you have a cheque as soon as possible.

[06:48.87]You have one minute to answer questions 18-21.

[06:55.16]18.What does Mr.Allen come for?

[06:59.13](A)a visit to show friendship(B)an investigation on damage

[07:03.21](C)a drink with his neigbour

[07:07.39](D)a casual chat with his old day schoolmate

[07:10.39]19.Why is the house damaged?(A)because of war

[07:14.81](B)because of a tornado(C)because of a storm

[07:18.49](D)because of an earthquake

[07:22.59]20.Why did Mrs.Miles contact the insurance company?

[07:28.39](A)for compensation on damage(B)for policymaking(C)to make profit

[07:32.39](D)to hunt for a job as an insurer

[07:36.10]21.What is NOT included in Mrs.Miles' damage?

[07:43.60](A)walls(B)chimney(C)fence(D)floor

[07:53.21]Questions 22 -25 are based on a lecture.

[08:08.99]You now have 20 seconds to read the questions.

[08:15.57]Professor:Let me begin by saying that...ah...

[08:40.88]the history and culture of these two countries...

[08:45.17]Great Britain and the United States...seem to be similar in many ways,but

[08:52.48]ah...not in others. In the field of education,for example,

[08:58.17]the school systems of these two English-speaking countries

[09:02.67]are no more alike than...ah...than cricket and baseball.

[09:08.18]Let's look at the matter of examinations...

[09:12.07]those terrible inventions that students all over the world fear and dread...

[09:17.98]In England they are standard.

[09:21.58]That is,students all over the country take the same examination.

[09:27.56]Most children begin school at five,you see...

[09:32.16]and study the basics for about eight years... then,if they decide to go on,

[09:38.74]they select certain subjects and study for these nation-wide standard exams.

[09:45.04]This process ends at about age 16,

[09:49.43]except for those who want to enter universities.

[09:53.53]These students must...ah,study for yet more difficult examinations,

[09:59.61]known in England as the "A Levels",or Advanced Level Examinations.

[10:06.41]As you can see,these national examinations

[10:10.80]are very important to British students...

[10:14.19]but in the United States there are none...

[10:18.11]oh,of course we have other kinds of tests that are important...

[10:22.99]but I mean there are no nationally set examinations

[10:27.41]that determine whether students can graduate from our public schools.

[10:32.69]Each local school system has its own standards,

[10:37.36]and these are set by the local school boards.

[10:41.15]So a high school diploma from...ah...Oregon,for example,

[10:46.14]is not the same as one from ah...Florida,or Minnesota,or California.

[10:53.24]Generally speaking,there are twelve grades in the American system

[10:58.55]and these twelve are divided into two levels:elementary and secondary

[11:04.84]the secondary one is known as "high school."

[11:09.15]Each grade takes one year so children who begin the first grade

[11:14.74]at the age of six usually graduate when they are about seventeen.

[11:20.54]If they want to go on to college...

[11:23.86]they have to write and find out what the entrance requirements are,

[11:28.46]because each college and university is different.

[11:33.16]Now,as for which system is better...

[11:36.95]the American or the British,I can only say that each one...(fade)

[11:43.14]You have one minute to answer questions 22 -25.

[11:51.42]22.What is the lecture mainly about?

[11:54.42](A)history and culture of the Great Britain and US,

[11:57.53](B)cricket and baseballs of the Great Britain and US.

[12:00.12](C)varieties of examinations of the Great Britain and US.

[12:01.11](D)educational system of the Great Britain and US.

[12:02.10]23.How long do British children study the basics?

[12:03.10](A)six years(B)five years(C)eight years(D)twelve years

[12:04.19]24.What sort of exams do British children have to take?

[12:06.10](A)nation-wide standard exams(B)local exams

[12:07.09](C)school set tests(D)private test

[12:08.09]25.What do American high school students

[12:09.08]have to do if they want to go to college?

[12:10.07](A)They have to take national college entrance exams.

[12:11.06](B)They need not do anything except for paying the tuition fee.

[12:12.08](C)They have to make a phone call to the university president.

[12:13.07](D)They have to find out the basic requirements and apply for entrance

[12:18.48]This is the end of Part B.

[12:26.08]Exercise3 Part A You will hear 10 short dialogues.

[12:38.07]For each dialogue,there is one question and four possible answers.

[12:44.87]Choose the correct answer--A,B,C or D,and mark it in your test booklet.

[12:55.58]You will have 15 seconds to answer the question

[13:01.06]and you will hear each dialogue ONLY ONCE.

[13:06.16]Now look at question 1.1.M:It is such a nice warm day.

[13:20.44]I think I'll go to write my report under the tree.

[13:24.65]W:I'd like to join you but I find it hard to work outside.

[13:30.34]1.What's the woman going to do?(A)Join her friend.

[13:34.34](B)Stay inside.(C)Sketch the tree outside.

[13:39.04](D)Find something easy to do.

[13:43.85]2.W:I don't think I can handle all of these books for this course.

[13:55.45]M:I found that you don't have to read them thoroughly.

[13:59.34]Just skim through and get the major points.

[14:03.86]2.How does the woman feel about her books?

[14:07.05](A)They are too heavy and she can't carry them.

[14:10.05](B)They are too many and she can't read them all.

[14:13.94](D)She feels too tired to read.

[14:17.86]3.M:I wish I could get used to this American custom of using first names.

[14:32.65]W:I usually call just my good friends by their first names.

[14:37.66]3.What's the man complaining about?

[14:41.24](A)Calling up customers.(B)Some of his good friends.

[14:44.22](C)Not getting what he wants.(D)A custom that is new to him.

[14:50.12]4.M:Good morning. Could you ring Mr.Grant for me,

[15:00.52]Mr.Charles Grant He's staying here.I have an appointment.

[15:07.23]He said to get reception to ring when I arrived.

[15:11.62]W:Yes,just let me look.Ah,Mr.Grant,Room 117.

[15:18.73]4.Where did this conversation take place?

[15:22.72](A)in a hotel(B)in a hospital ward

[15:26.62](C)in an office building(D)in an apartment building

[15:31.61]5.W:Don't forget.Professor Jackson wants the lab reports in by Wednesday.

[15:44.80]That means we have to write it up today.

[15:48.61]M:I won't forget.We'll finish it at three after my last class.

[15:54.49]5.When are the reports due?

[15:59.87](A)Friday.(B)Today.(C)Wednesday.(D)Thursday.

[16:05.49]6.W:Excuse me,how do I get to the Summer Palace?

[16:18.08]M:Walk past those three traffic lights

[16:22.39]and turn right on Beihai Street.

[16:26.17]It's on the right hand side.

[16:29.07]6.How many traffic lights should the woman pass?

[16:35.27](A)One.(B)Two.(C)Three.(D)Four.

[16:41.85]7.W:Did you and Jane go to dinner with Jane's parents last night?

[16:52.74]M:Well their house was lovely and the food was delicious

[16:57.73]but I can't say much for the company.

[17:00.81]7.What did the man think about Jane's parents?

[17:04.71](A)They were both friendly.(B)He didn't enjoy meeting them.

[17:09.49](C)He'd love to invite them over

[17:13.38](D)They talked so much,and he had no chance to talk.

[17:16.88]8.M:Where have you been all this time?

[17:26.57]The train is about to leave.W:I'm sorry I'm late

[17:30.67]but I was waiting for you at the information desk upstairs.

[17:36.18]8.Where did the woman think they were supposed to meet?

[17:40.68](A)At the information desk.(B)On the platform.(C)Near the stairs.(D)On the train.

[17:49.06]9.M:I paid 15 yuan for these books.I think they're too expensive.

[18:01.34]W:Expensive?They're a steal.You shouldn't complain;

[18:06.93]they're a lot more in other bookstores.

[18:10.72]9.How did the woman feel about the books?

[18:14.11](A)She didn't like the books.(B)She thought they were cheap.

[18:18.29](C)She thought they were expensive.

[18:21.79](D)She thought other bookstores carried more of them.

[18:26.00]10.W:Professor Yang helped me so much

[18:36.60]that I'm thinking of buying him a book of poetry.

[18:40.50]M:I think you should get him a record.

[18:43.79]Just because he's teacher of English doesn't mean that all he does is reading.

[18:49.48]10.What does the man mean?

[18:52.46](A)Teachers usually like to read a lot.(B)Not every teacher likes to read all the time.

[18:55.86](C)Teachers like to read a lot and listen to music.

[18:58.65](D)People who teach English like things besides books.This is the end of Part A.

[19:07.53]Part B You are going to hear four conversations.

[19:16.52]Before listening to each conversation,

[19:21.01]you will have 5 seconds to read each of the questions which accompany it.

[19:26.71]After listening,you will have time to answer each question by choosing A,B,C or D.

[19:38.20]You will hear each conversation ONLY ONCE.

[19:44.10]Mark your answer in your test booklet.

[19:49.09]Questions 11-14 are based on an interview through telephone.

[19:57.69]You now have 20 seconds to read the questions.

[20:05.29]W:Hello.M:This is Jim Evens from Market Research Corporation.

[20:28.98]We're conducting a nationwide survey of people's reading habits.

[20:34.78]May I ask you a few questions?W:Oh,I suppose,

[20:39.27]M:Do you read any newspapers and,if so.which ones?

[20:44.58]W:I read the New York Times and the Wall Street Journal.

[20:49.18]M:Okay,do you subscribe to these newspapers?

[20:53.67]W:I subscribe to the Times.

[20:56.78]But I get the Wall Street Journal at the office.

[21:00.67]M:I see.What about magazines?Do you subscribe to any?

[21:06.47]W:Oh,yeah,I get Fortune and Psychology Today.

[21:11.56]And my husband gets Esquire,so I read that too,sometimes.

[21:17.15]M:About how many hours a week do you read magazines then?

[21:22.14]W:Oh,about two or three.M:All right.

[21:26.56]Now,do you read books regularly and if so what type?

[21:32.15]W:Well,novels are my favorite

[21:35.93]but,to tell you the truth,I haven't read one in quite a while.

[21:40.82]I'm taking a class at night,

[21:43.61]so the only books I've been reading lately are textbooks.

[21:47.51]M:I take it don't belong to a book club?W:No,I don't.

[21:52.39]M:And about how much time do you spend a week reading textbooks?

[21:56.88]W:Not enough.I guess a couple of hours.M:Well,we're just about done.

[22:03.68]Thank you very much for your time.W:You're welcome. Bye.

[22:09.27]You have one minute to answer questions11- 14.

[22:15.27]11.What company does the man work for?

[22:21.26](A)An investigation company.(B)A newly set-up newspaper firm.

[22:26.25](C)A sales company.(D)A market research company.

[22:31.13]12.How much time does the woman

[22:34.71]spend reading magazines every week?

[22:37.92](A)One or two.(B)Two or three.(C)Three or four.(D)Four or five.

[22:42.81]13.Which newspaper or magazine did she NOT subscribe?

[22:49.18](A)Wall Street Journal.(B)Psychology Today.(C)Fortune.(D)New York Times.

[22:55.97]14.Why does the woman read textbooks?

[23:03.16](A)They're her favorite.(B)She's taking some lessons.(C)She's a club member(D)She had nothing else to read.

[23:10.84](C)She's a club member (D)She had nothing else to read.

[23:20.14]Questions 15-17 are based on a conversation.

[23:31.63]You now have 15 seconds to read the questions.

[23:37.72]M:Hi Margaret! Where were you at lunchtime?

[23:43.02]I was saving a seat for you in the cafeteria.

[23:46.52]W:Oh!Sorry to miss you.

[23:49.42]But my thirst for knowledge was greater than my pangs of hunger!

[23:54.62]M:I never had that problem!So where were you?

[23:58.72]W:My political science class ran overtime.

[24:02.61]M:That's been happening quite a bit lately,hasn't it?

[24:06.43]W:I guess so.Actually what happens

[24:10.42]is that a bunch of us hang around for a while after class

[24:14.52]to talk with our professor and ask him questions.

[24:18.70]M:Who is this 20th century philosopher?

[24:22.70]W:Professor Taylor.Have you heard of him?

[24:26.38]M:Hm.He does have a good reputation in the political science department

[24:32.18]W:And a well-deserved one!

[24:35.19]The same students who fall asleep in discussion groups and seminars

[24:40.49]fight for front-row seats in his lectures.

[24:44.20]M:Oh no!I hope this isn't catching!W:You can joke!

[24:48.59]But it's great to have a professor who's not only interesting,

[24:53.39]but prepared to give up time for students.

[24:56.89]M:I know.They're a rare breed!

[25:00.39]Maybe I should sit on his class sometime.

[25:04.39]Do you think he'd care?W:Not at all.

[25:08.00]Lots of students bring their friends,and he says he feels flattered.

[25:13.59]M:Hmm.I think I'll do that next week.

[25:17.58]You have 45 seconds to answer questions 15-17.

[25:24.66]15.How do the students demonstrate that they really enjoy the class?

[25:27.95](A)They do all their homework.(B)They study hard for his tests.

[25:33.33](C)They read all the books he has published.

[25:36.94](D)They compete for the best seats in the class

[25:40.34]16.How does Professor Taylor feel about visitors at his lectures?

[25:45.14](A)They bore him.(B)They make him angry.

[25:50.13](C)They make him feel good.(D)They make no impact on him,

[25:54.42]17.At what time does Professor Taylor's class probably meet?

[26:00.71](A)In the late morning.(B)Immediately after lunch.

[26:06.30](C)In the mid-afternoon.(D)After the evening meal.

[26:14.69]Questions 18-21 are based on a talk.

[26:25.79]You now have 20 seconds to read the questions.

[26:30.78]Before I finish my lecture today,

[26:53.56]I'd like to mention an interesting science program that will be on TV on May 5th.

[27:00.27]It's about an important part of the human body --the brain.

[27:06.07]It's a new public television show produced in Hong Kong.

[27:11.55]The program will investigate how the brain functions and malfunctions.

[27:18.43]Some interesting topics that will be discussed are dreaming,

[27:23.81]memory,and depression.

[27:27.31]These topics will be illustrated with computer animation

[27:32.71]to make explanations easy to follow.

[27:36.50]The show is not for children,but don't worry,

[27:41.28]it's not intended for scientists either.

[27:45.28]It's produced for the understanding of the general public.

[27:49.95]I think the program will be very helpful with the work we're doing in class on thebrain.

[27:56.17]I hope you'll watch it.After the show,we'll hold discussions.

[28:01.27]Remember,the program will be on CCTV Channel One on May 5th

[28:08.16]and it will start about 8:45 p.m.

[28:12.26]You have one minute to answer questions 18-21.

[28:19.86]18.What will be shown on TV on May 5th?

[28:23.47](A)A science fiction cartoon.(B)A scientific program.

[28:28.17](C)A movie about dreaming.(D)A drama set in Hong Kong.

[28:35.46]19.What will be the main purpose of the show?

[28:39.56](A)To demonstrate the latest use of computer graphics

[28:42.85](B)To raise funds for public television programming

[28:47.84](C)To explain the workings of the human brain.

[28:51.73](D)To increase membership in professional medical societies

[28:56.44]20.Why does the speaker recommend watching the program?

[28:59.23](A)It is required of all science majors.

[29:01.95](B)It was made in Hong Kong.(C)It will be shown after working hours.

[29:06.05](D)It will be helpful with course work.

[29:09.73]21.Why should the program be easy to understand?

[29:12.84](A)It is meant for nonscientists.(B)It is simple enough for

[29:16.94](C)A discussion will be held after the show.

[29:22.24](D)There will be a series following the first show.

[29:28.93]Questions 22-25 are based on some introductory remarks of a history lecture

[29:42.83]You now have 20 seconds to read the questions.

[29:48.32]We usually think of history as the story of important people and events,

[30:15.40]but some historians are also interested in the daily lives of ordinary

[30:21.70]We can get this kind of information from written documents like diaries

[30:27.58]and town records,of course--but strange as this may seem--

[30:32.57]we can also learn a lot from studying old family portraits,

[30:37.77]family portraits provide information about things like the size of the family

[30:44.17]and the hobbies and tastes of the family;

[30:48.16]the types of clothing family members wore for the portrait

[30:52.86]suggest the popular fashions of the time.

[30:56.76]The objects that children hold in their hands

[31:01.07]can give clues about the games they played and their hobbies.

[31:05.56]The background of a family portrait gives historians an idea

[31:11.15]of room size and furnishings and even the wealth and social position of the family.

[31:17.94]All of these details help historians understand more about the everyday lives

[31:25.13]of some of the ordinary people from the past.

[31:29.30]You have one minute to answer questions 22-25.

[31:36.91]22.According to the speaker,

[31:40.12]what do most people think historians are concerned with?

[31:44.01](A)Unusual works of art.

[31:48.40](B)Dates and names that cannot be determined.

[31:52.19](C)Articles written by previous historians.

[31:56.08](D)Significant events and influential people.

[32:01.17]23.According to the speaker,

[32:04.47]what makes family portraits valuable to historians?

[32:08.07](A)They are few in number.(B)They depict important historical events.

[32:12.07](C)They provided a lot of information about ordinary people.

[32:16.56](D)They conceal information about the social role of artists.

[32:19.77]24.According to the speaker,what was most likely held

[32:23.77]by children in family portraits?

[32:26.75](A)Their playthings.(B)Some money.games children played.(D)The profession of

[32:30.43](C)Their relative's hands.(D)Their shoes.

[32:34.14]25.According to the speaker,what can historians learn

[32:37.43]from studying the background area in a family portrait?Exercise 3.Part A 1-5 BBDAC

[32:40.44](A)The locations of the house.(B)The social and economic status of the family.

[32:43.44](C)The types of games children played.

[32:46.52](D)The profession of the owner of the house.

[32:51.12]This is the end of Part B.

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