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英语口译教程(第二版)--中级 Unit 1-3

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Part Two A Trainning Course ;

Unit 1 Interpreting Conversations ;

1-1 Welcome Text for Interpretation ;

Interpret the following conversation alternatively into English and Chinese: ;

欢迎来上海,罗伯茨先生。 我是上海邮电服务发展 公司海外部主任陈天明 ;

Nice to meet you, Director Chen.I'm very excited to visit your company and of course, ;

to tour around Shang hai and the whole country. ;

您专程从英国赶来,我很 高兴。我们为您来此参加 工作,成为我部门的一员 而感到骄傲和荣幸。 ;

我真诚地希望您的来访有 价值,有意义。 ;

It is indeed my pleasure and privilege to have received your gracious invitation ;

and work with a distinguished group of people like Director Chen ;

I had been looking forward to this visit for years, ;

I had a dream that someday I would visit China ;

and work in the beautiful city of Shanghai for a while. ;

I'm very grateful that you have made my dream come true. ;

您对这次来沪短期工作 有如此高的期望,真令人 高兴。我们会尽力使您在 沪期间过得愉快 ;

考虑到您的方便和舒适, 您可以居住在公司的外 宾专用别墅。 ;

别墅挨着海滩,从那里骑 自行车15分钟可到我海外 部的办公楼。您一定会 喜欢的。 ;

That's wonderful.Isn't it nice that not only your"Overseas" ;

Department looks"over the sea".but also my residence? ;

罗伯茨先生,我真的很喜 欢您的幽默感。 ;

您可知道“上海”这两个 字在汉语里的字面意思 是“海上之埠? ;

我们为能够安排英国朋友 在临海的寓所下榻而感 到骄傲。英国不是海上 岛国吗? ;

I like what you said, Mr.Chen. ;

We have much in common with Shanghai and its people. ;

I believe my wife will like here, too. ;

我希望您的家人能早日与 您在此团聚。我公司支付 包括国际机票在内所需的 一切费用 ;

thank you so much for your concern.My wife teaches at a university ;

and the best time for her and our son to come over is ;

when school breaks in the summer. ;

Two more months.We simply can't wait to see each other here in Shanghai. ;

真遗憾,您还要等那么久 。 ;

You're very nice,Mr. Chen,really. ;

长途飞行后您一定累了。 今晚有招待晚宴,您需要 休息一下。晚上6时我派 车来接您。 ;

Very good. ;

我得走了,我们晚上再 见。 ;

Bye now. ;

1-2 A Wish to Invest ;

Text for Interpretation ;

Interpret the folloing conversation alternatively into English and Chinese: ;

您好,罗伯茨先生。 ;

Hi,Mr.Chen,I have been thinking about something lately ;

and I'd like to share with you my thoughts. ;

愿洗耳恭听。如能为您 效劳,我将很高兴。 ;

In the West everybody is talking about going to the East and making an investment. ;

Apparently a growing number of foreign firms have been pouring into China, ;

and the Pudong area of Shanghai ;

is among the best choices of their investment destinations. ;

Today it is not a matter of whether to go east,but when and how. ;

您说得对。海外人士在上 海及周边地区的投资近年 来翻了两番。 ;

出现这一 高涨不止的投 资热有多种缘由。 ;

除了中国是世界上经济 增长最快的国家之一这 个原因外, ;

中国政府和地方政府很 重视对外全面开放, ;

不仅开放沿海城市, 也开放内地,尽可能吸 引外资。 ;

另外,许多海外团体与 个人投资者认为在中国 直接投资比同中国公司 做生意更有利可图。 ;

I'm not sure if I understand the logic behind this preference. ;

I'm all ears to your explanation. ;

好的,基本情况是这样 的,外国直接在华投资 可以在最大程度上发挥 有关双方的优势。 ;

中国幅员辽阔,自然资 源丰富,廉价劳动力充裕, 税收低,消费市场不断 增长, ;

基础设施不断改善, 当然罗,我们还有稳定 的社会政治环境以及诱人 的投资政策。 ;

所有这些优势难以在其 他国家找到。 ;

而来自发达国家和地区的 外国投资者则有充足的 资金,先进的技术和 管理知识。 ;

同做进出口贸易生意相 比,在华直接投资的经济 回报则更高。 ;

You're right.I have friends who are interested in direct investment in China. ;

Do you have any idea of the best place in which to invest? ;

就我个人来说,我希望 你们在上海的浦东地区 投资。 ;

这倒不是因为浦东是我的 家乡,而是因为浦东的 确是投资者的理想场所。 ;

如果您或您的朋友有兴趣 我可以向你们提供许多 研究资料。 ;

我也听说过许多关于在 中国内地和其他沿海城市 进行投资而获得成功的 例子。 ;

真的很难说哪一个地方 为最佳。也许应该说在 某一时期的某一地点做 投资相对比较为好。 ;

My next question concerns the forms of investment ;

that are allowed in China currently. ;

投资方式很多,您可以同 中方合资办企业,也可以 独资办公司。 ;

What are the differences? ;

投资兴办合资企业时, 通常外方提供资金,机械 先进技术和管理方法,而 中方则提供土地, ;

劳工以及部分用于基础 设施建设的资金。 ;

至于独资企业嘛,外商 提供所有资金,赚取所有 利润,同时承担所有风 险。 ;

您可以选择自己喜欢的 方式经营独资公司, 当然不可超越中国法律。 ;

Your explanations are very enlightening.If we ever decide to invest in Shanghai, ;

We'd like you to be our Chinese consultant. ;

I hope you won't refuse our offer then. ;

我深感荣幸。希望早日 为您的投资效劳。 ;

1-3 Establishing a Joint Venture ;

Text for Interpretation ;

Interpret the following conversation alternatively into English and Chinese: ;

罗伯茨先生,很高兴再次 见到你。有什么需要我 做的吗? ;

Hi,Mr.Chen,it's been ten months since I left China. ;

I would like to discuss with you the possibilities of ;

establishing a joint venture with your company to manufacture cordless phones ;

and mobile phones. ;

好极了。您的投资意向是 明智的。我公司也正在 寻求外资, ;

合办一家生产无绳电话 和移动电话的制造公司, 您的提议很好。 ;

罗伯茨先生,我还记得 一年前曾同您讨论过有 关外国在华投资的事情。 ;

Yes.you did a good job. The whole idea of my investing in a joint enterprise ;

with your company is the direct result of your wonderful lecture. ;

Your answers were direct and honest.And your explanations were sincere and persuasive. ;

May 1 get on China's economic express train and share your economic gains? ;

当然可以。欢迎罗伯茨 先生加入我们的行列! 我们来讨论一下合资企业 的事宜吧。 ;

您能告诉我您得设想吗? ;

I did a lot of research in the market of telecommunications equipment lately. ;

There's a potential market for cordless and mobile phones in China ;

and the world as a whole.Initially. ;

I would like to embark on this joint venture business at a moderate rate and a safe scale. ;

My suggestion for the amount of total capital investment is ;

in the vicinity of eight million US dollars,a lucky number in China.I suppose. ;

很好。800万岂止是个 吉利的数字,我认为这 对启动这家合资企业来 说,是很合适的。 ;

那么您在合资中打算占 有多少投资比重呢? ;

My conlribution is 50% of the total investment, ;

including the construction funds and the cost of all the imported equipment, ;

and the engineers, technicians and management staff from my home company. ;

我对您这个5:5对半开的 合伙投资比例感到满意. ;

这就是说,我们在经营管 理和利润分配上也保持 一种5:5对半开的权益关 系. ;

You're absolutely right. ;

接下来的问题是产品的 营销.无绳电话在中国 有很大的需求量, ;

但是我们无法保证在国内 推销50%移动电话.此外, 我们需要增加外汇的储备 ;

"天晴还需防雨天"嘛.我 建议贵方负责向海外推销 65%以上的移动电话,您 看如何? ;

我相信您对外汇的需求大 于对我人民币的需求. ;

I love renminbi.And 1 have heard that the Chinese yuan will ;

become a convertible currency soon.But I accept your proposal ;

and we will be responsible ;

for the international marketing of two- thirds of the mobile phones. ;

好极了. ;

Two more questions.One concerns the term of our partnership and ;

the other the management's structure of the venture. ;

至于我们的合作期限, 我们可以定为15年,只要 双方愿意,合同期满后我 们还可以续签. ;

您意下如何? ;

That's quite logical. May I suggest that we set up a board of directors ;

for the management of the company and share rights and obligations as equal partners? ;

正合我的想法。下周我们 是否再举行一轮会谈, 详细讨论一些技术性问题 ;

That's fine.I like to work with you.as I did before.It's been a very rewarding day. ;

收获的确很大。罗伯茨 先生,祝您周末愉快。 ;

You,too. ;

Sentences in Focus ;

Interpret the following sentences into English or Chinese. ;

1.我希望您的太太能早日 和您在此团聚,我公司支 付包括国际机票票在内所 需要的一切费用。 ;

2.今晚我们为您举行招待 晚宴,晚上5:30我派车来 接您. ;

3.中央政府很重视全面 对外开放,不仅开放沿海 城市,也开放内地,尽可能 吸引外资. ;

4.由于外国直接在华投资 可以在最大程度上发挥有 关各方的优势, ;

所以许多海外机构个人 投资者认为,他们在中国 直接投资比同中国公司 做生意更有利可图. ;

5.中国幅员辽阔,自然资 源丰富,劳动力低廉,税收 低,消费者市场潜力大, 社会环境稳定, ;

投资政策诱人,经济回报 率高. ;

6.在华投资的方式很多, 你可以同中方合资办企业 也可以独资办公司, ;

选择自己喜欢的方式经 营,但不可超越中国法律. ;

7.投资兴办合资企业时 通常外方提供资金,机械, ;

先进技术和管理方法,而 中方则提供土地,劳工 以及部分用于基础设施 建设的资金. ;

8.我们来讨论以下建立 合资企业的适宜吧.您能 告诉我您的设想吗? ;

例如您打算在合资企业 中占有多少投资份额? ;

9.我们之间的投资份额 可以对半开,在经营管理 和利润分配上也可以对半 开. ;

10.我们的合作期定为10 年,只要双方满意,期满后 我们还可以续签合同. ;

11.我们的想法不谋而合. ;

12.我们是否可以在下周 再举行一次会谈,集中讨 论一些技术性的问题? ;

13.It is my great pleasure and privilege to have received your gracious invitation ;

and work with a distinguished group of China's automobile specialists. ;

14.A growing number of American firms have been pouring into ;

China's inland provinces,although coastal cities such as Shanghai and Tianjin ;

are still among their first choices of investment with many foreign investors. ;

15.1 would like to discuss with you the possibilities of ;

establishing a joint venture with your company to manufacture ;

progressive-scan DVD home cinema systems of the latest model. ;

16.I suggest that we should set up a board of directors for the ;

management of the company and share rights and obligations as equal partners. ;

Unit 2 Interpreting Interviews ;

2-1 Travel in America ;

Text for Interpretation Interpret the ;

following interview alternatively English and Chinese: ;

An interview to learn about travel and public transportation in the United States. ;

Q:据说美国是一个由汽 车驱动的国家, ;

美国人实际是一个生活 在轮子上的民族。你认 为这是一种夸张的说法 吗? ;

A: This is basically a correct observation, ;

which says something about the American way of life. ;

Americans like to do business without leaving their cars. Wherever you go. ;

you'll see drive-in banks, drive-in restaurants, ;

drive-in churches and drive-in movies. ;

Q:如果我以游客的身份 访问美国,我可以在美国 境内开车吗? ;

A :Yes.you can.When you drive in the U.S. ;

it's a good idea to have an international driver's license if you are a foreigner ;

and don't have a state license. Each of the fifty states of the U.S. ;

has its own traffic laws.Drivers are expected to know and ;

understand the local laws even if they don't live in a particular stale. ;

You can get information when you cross the border into a different state at ;

a tourist information center. ;

Q:在中国某些道路上开 车,司机必须将自己的行 车速度控制在标牌规定的 限速内, ;

美国是否也有限速? ;

A:Yes.In most states, the speed limit on the expressway is miles per hour, ;

or about 88 kilometers per hour.On some roads,such as state or federal expressways, ;

there is a minimum speed of in miles per hour,or about 65 kilometers per hour. ;

B:我作为一名出公差来 美国的旅行者,可没有必 要为了旅行而去买一辆车 子。 ;

我想贵国一定有某种出租 车服务行业吧? ;

A :Of course we do. This country has the ;

most developed ear rental industry in the world.The two largest ;

American car rental companies.Hertz and Avis,have offices all over the U.S, ;

with counters at most airports and in many international ciries. ;

Other national car rental companies you can find at airports, such as Thrifty, ;

National,Budger or Dollar, have offices in other countries too.. ;

so you may want to reserve a car through your travel agent in your own country. ;

Q:那么租车时我以什么 方式来付款呢? ;

A :In order to rent a car, you have to have a major credit card, such as MasterCard, ;

Visa, or American Express. ;

Without a credit card you may have 10 pay a very high deposit on the car. ;

If you don't want to spend a lot of money, ;

you may rent used cars from used car rental companies, ;

such as Rent A-Junkcr and Lgly Duckling. ;

Their rates are often lower and they don't always demand a credit card. ;

Sometimes they have special offers that ;

make the total cost of renting a car even lower. ;

Q:如果我没有驾照,那 我怎样去其他城市呢? ;

A :There are three ways to get from city to city without a car. In some places, ;

you can take Anitrak, the national passenger rail service. Or you can take a bus. ;

Greyhound is the largest long distance coach company, ;

which offers the monthly pass.And.of course, you can fly. ;

There arc dozens of airlines,both regional and national. ;

Prices are not regulated, so airlines can make special offers that are ;

sometimes cheaper than train tickets.There are also shuttle and ;

commuter flights between some major cities that are close to each other. ;

Q:听说美国城市的公共 交通不尽如人意,有没有 这回事? ;

A : Well,I have to admit that getting around a city on ;

public transportation is generally not as easy as it is in most other countries, ;

but it is possible. Although only a few cities have subways, ;

most towns with a population of 50.000 or more have some kind of city bus service. ;

Q:万一坐巴士或地铁到 不了我想要去的地方怎么 办呢? ;

A:You can always take a cab.You can stop a cab on the street, ;

but that's not easy in many cities.It's actually easier to call a taxi company ;

listed in the Yellow Pages of a telephone directory and ask them ;

to send a cab to your door.American taxi drivers will usually ;

expect a tip of at least 10%. In big cities like New York, ;

cabbies expect a tip of 15%. ;

Q:十分感激您所提供的 情况。 ;

A : You're welcome. ;

2-2 The AIDS Epidemic Text for Interpretation ;

Interpret the following interview alternatively into English and Chinese: ;

An interview with a Nobel Prize winning microbiologist on the AIDS epidemic. ;

Q:巴尔迪摩先生,爱滋 病的传播程度有多严重? ;

A :AIDS is the worst plague in modern history. ;

In the 20 years since ihe first reports of what we now know was AIDS, ;

an entire generation has been horn and come of age never knowing ;

a world without the epidemic.The disease has changed the personal ;

as well as the political how we think and how we love, ;

what we teach our children and what words we say in public. ;

On an international scale,it threatens to undermine countries, ;

particularly in Africa.AIDS is now the fourth leading cause of death globally, ;

and the leading cause of death in Africa. ;

Throughout the world 36 million people are HIV positive, ;

including 900.000 in the United States. ;

Q:您所说的“危害国家生 计“是指什么? ;

A:AIDS has stolen a generation and imperiled the future. ;

It will cause such a significant amount of disease in the middle ages of the population ;

thai it will largely reduce the number of people available to ;

carry out the functions of the society.In parts of Africa, ;

it's happening already.In seven African countries, ;

more than 20 percent of the 15 to 19-year old population is infected with HIV. ;

For example. Zambia cannot train teachers fast enough to replace those killed by AIDS. ;

Within 10 years,there will be 40 million AIDS orphans in Africa. ;

Q:你认为我们可以及时 改变人们的基本行为,以 阻止爱滋病的传播吗? ;

A:In time to have a significant impact. yes.1 don‘t think we'll be perfect. ;

People will respond differently,but for the homosexua ;

population in San Francisco,the rate of homosexuially transmitted diseases ;

fell dramatically when a serious educational program was put in place. ;

People were obviously willing to change their behavior when ;

they were made to realize how severe a risk they were taking. ;

Q:对于那些还未受到严 重打击的群体,有何措施 可以采取呢? ;

能否在大规模的死亡发生 之前也让我们意识到问题 的严重性? ;

It is certainly harder to reach people when they don't see the con sequences of ;

what they're doing right around them or when the consequences are extremely delayed. ;

I'd guess that's been one of the problems with smokers. ;

Q:怎样才能让人们意识 到问题的严重性呢? ;

Drugs cannot be seen as the ultimate solution.And about $10 billion a year ;

is needed to fight the spread of HIV.I think a massive educational campaign ;

is the only thing conceivable at the moment that can help. ;

Not to do it would he criminal.To argue that it's difficult and ;

expensive and therefore we shouldn’t do it would be self -defeating. ;

Q:调查结果表明,公众 中大部分人认为爱滋病 患者应该被隔离开来, 你的意见呢? ;

A :Quarantining will help no one.Most AIDS patients arc too sick ;

to be transmitting the virus.The virus is being spread largely by people ;

who do not have AIDS but are infected with the HIV virus, ;

and they may or may not even know it. Quarantining would be totally futile. ;

Q:强制性化验有无作用? ;

A :I believe it would drive the very people you want to test underground. ;

Voluntary confidential testing is much more appropriate. ;

Q:怎样做才能鼓励人们 去接受这种令人不安的 化验呢? ;

A :The only thing you can do is convince people that they're better off knowing ;

than not knowing. First,because then they can take action ;

to protect their friends and loved ones and,second,because ;

they can begin to interpret their own ;

symptoms and take whatever action available. ;

AIDS is a very serious disease,but it usually reveals its presence ;

through a variety of infections, and many of those infections can be controlled ;

with appropriate drugs. ;

2-3 Business Management ;

Text for Interpretation ;

Interpret the following interview alternatively into English and Chinese: ;

An interview with an American manager of a Sino-American joint ;

venture an some of the differences in business communication style ;

and work ethic between the Chinese and the Americans。 ;

Q:您好,杰克逊先生。 您在中国已连续工作了 三年,您能否读一下中 美两国生意人在商务沟通 ;

方式上有何不同之处? ;

A : With pleasure. I think there are at least two differences in the way of business ;

communication between Chinese and American businessmen. ;

First,Chinese businessmen tend to have business ;

negotiations in a rather indirect manner,as opposed to the more direct manner ;

of American businessmen.The Chinese take time to ;

learn if their prospective business contacts are really reliable, ;

for example, by inviting them to a party and socializing with them.In contrast. ;

The Americans act with the "get-down-to- business-first" mentality. ;

Second,the decision-ma king process of Chinese companies is ;

generally slow and time-consuming.This is because most Chinese ;

companies keep to the "bottom-up,then top-down and then ;

bottom up" decision- making principle which involves many people at different levels. ;

American companies, on the other hand, usually operate with quick decisions made ;

by the top management. I hope American businessmen in China will understand these ;

differences in business practices and adjust to the Chinese way. ;

美国式的经营之道在我们 中国人看来常显得咄咄逼 人。 ;

您在与中国同事的 合作中有无注意到这一 点? ;

A:Well, we are more direct and straightforward than most Chinese. ;

I would say,due to our different cultural traditions. ;

I noticed that a lot of Chinese often avoid saying a clear "no" just to be polite. ;

Sometimes my Chinese colleagues say "yes" not to express agreement, ;

hut only to show that they are listening. ;

Q:我们都应该承认这些 文化差异,尊重这些差异 以免产生误解。这很重要 不是吗? ;

A : Yes. understanding these differences. ;

1 believe, will be a first step toward establishing a firm business relationship ;

between American and Chinese companies. ;

Q:刚才您提到了中国式 的决策过程,您认为这 种管理模式有无优点? ;

将其与美国式相比, 您有何看法? ;

A :I would say the American-type,or the top-down,management emphasizes efficiency ;

and competition among workers,while the Chinese-type ;

management gives priority to careful planning and encourages cooperation ;

among workers,and between workers and the management. ;

Thus,while the American-type manage- ment often frustrates many workers, ;

the Chinese-type management gives workers a joy of participation ;

and fulfillment,and a sense of pride in their work. ;

Q:谈到员工的工作态度 中国人和美国人在这方面 有何不相同? ;

A :I think most Chinese view work as ;

essential for having member ship in a community. ;

They believe that work allows them to have the.sense of belonging to a community. ;

In other words, work is necessary for them ;

to gain social acceptance in the society.That is why ;

many Chinese managers and employees work so hard to maintain their ;

positions in their companies.Also,they ;

sec work as the most important thing in life.That is, ;

they have tried to find the meaning of life through their jobs. ;

While the Chinese-work ethic is based on social pressure1 and community belonging. ;

the American work ethic seems to be more individual oriented. Traditionally, ;

we work because it is the will of God,and we often value the ;

results and accomplishments of work more than its process. ;

By the way.I'm very impressed by the obvious strong sense of dedication to ;

the jobs among the older Chinese employees. ;

Q:回到我们一开始的 话题,您如何评价中美 两种不同经营之道的利 弊? ;

A : It is difficult to decide which is better than which, because there are some merits ;

and demerits to both types of management. My suggestion is that ;

people of both countries should learn from each other. ;

I will say that in recent years,the merits of the Chinese way.or rather, ;

the Oriental way. of management are beginning to he ;

recognized by an increasing number of people in the West. ;

This more humane Oriental way of management seems to offer a great deal lo ;

the executives of our American industries. ;

Sentences in Focus ;

Interpret the following sentences into English or Chinese: ;

1.This is basically a correct observation, ;

which says something about the American way of life. ;

2.Each state has its own traffic laws,and a driver from another ;

stale is expected to know and understand the local laws. ;

3.My country has the most developed car rental industry in the world, ;

so you may very well want to reserve a car through your travel ;

agent in your own country if you intend to drive while ;

traveling in my country. ;

4.Airfare in this country is not regulated,and airlines often make special ;

offers in order to attract customers. ;

5.It's actually easier to call a taxi company listed in the Yellow Pages of a telephone ;

directory and ask them to send a cab to pick you up at your doorstep. ;

6.In the 20 years since the first reports of what we now know was AIDS, ;

an entire generation has been born and come ;

of age never knowing a world without the epidemic. ;

7.A massive educational campaign is the only thing conceivable ;

at the moment that can help;to argue that this campaign is difficult, ;

expensive and therefore impossible would he quite self-defeating. ;

8.We'll have to convince people that they're belter off knowing ;

than not knowing the fact, because they can take whatever action available to ;

treat the problem and control its infection with appropriate drugs. ;

9.I think Chinese businessmen tend to have business ;

negotiations in a rather indirect manner,as opposed to ;

the more direct style of American businessmen,who are ;

said to work with the "get-down-to-business- first" mentality. ;

10,The Chinese-type management encourages cooperation among employees, ;

between the labor and the management, and gives employees a joy of participation ;

and fulfillment,as well as a sense of pride in their work. ;

11.1 think most Chinese try to find the meaning of life through working in ;

their jobs,and view work as essential for having membership in a community. ;

Put it in another way. they regard work as a prerequisite to gain ;

social acceptance in the community. ;

12.听说美国城市的公共 交通可不尽如人意,有没 有这回事? ;

13.司机在高速公路上开 车时必须将自己的行车 速度控制在标牌规定的最 高限速与最低限速之间。 ;

14.调查结果表明,许多 人对爱滋病的传播不以为 然。你认为我们怎样做 才能让人们意识到问题的 ;

严重性呢? ;

15.美式经营之道在我们 中国人看来常常显 的咄咄逼人。 ;

16.我们应该承认我们 之间的文化差异,应该尊 重这些差异,以免产生 误解。 ;

Unit 3 Interpreting Ceremonial Speeches English-Chinese Interpretation ;

3-1 Revisiting the Old Haunt ;

Text for Interpretation Interpret the ;

following passage from English into Chinese: ;

Ladies and Gentlemen. ;

Permit me first to thank you,our Chinese hosts,for your extraordinary ;

arrangements and hospitality.My wife and I.as well as our entire party, ;

are deeply grateful. In the short period of six days we have gone a longer distance than ;

the world renowned "Long March". We have acquired a keen sense of the diversity, ;

dynamism, and progress of China under your ;

policies of reform and opening to the outside world. ;

My wife and I have a special regard and personal friendship ;

for the people of China. Beijing is for us an old and nostalgic home. ;

During our stay here ten years ago we spent a great deal of memorable time with ;

the people here -- working, shopping, sightseeing, ;

and touring the city on our bicycles. During that time we never experienced ;

anything other than the utmost courtesy and genuine friendship of the Chinese people. ;

Those were happy days. They were good days, important days. ;

We were part of the dramatic process which brought us hack together and set us ;

on the road to a genuine friendly and cooperative relationship. ;

Our friendly and cooperative ties have become extensive, ;

affecting all aspects of our national lives: commerce, culture, ;

education, and scientific exchange. ;

1 am most proud of the large number of Chinese students being educated in exchange ;

in my country.1 myself teach some of them and see the benefits ;

that come from this exchange.At the same time we are learning ;

valuable lessons from you. ;

Nonetheless, problems remain in our economic, ;

education and strategic relations. While we are not so naive as to believe ;

that there are no issues of difference between us.1 also believe that our ;

differences are greatly overshadowed by issues which bind ;

us and strengthen our relationship. As a former government ;

leader and now a private citizen. I recognize that many of the burdens and ;

opportunities of our relationship have now passed to the non-governmental ;

sectors of our two societies: to individuals,our corporations, ;

universities, research institutes, ;

foundations,and so on. Then- is no doubt that our relations have reached a new stage, ;

In this context,it is important for our two societies to search ;

for areas of cooperation which clearly add to our mutual benefit. ;

My visit is a symbol of the good faith with ;

which we seek lo build up the strength of our friendship, ;

our cultural and commercial ties and our important ;

strategic relationship.Events of the past decade have confirmed time ;

and time again thai our friendship and cooperation will continue fo flourish ;

and yield more fruits in the days to come. ;

3-2 A Pleasant Trip ;

Text for Interpretation Interpret the ;

following passage from English into Chinese: ;

Respected Your Excellency.My Chinese friends. ;

Thank you very much for your kind words of welcome. ;

This is a happy and memorable occasion for ;

me personally as well as for the members of my delegation. ;

To come to China,one of the very earliest cradles of civilization, ;

is.1 suppose,the dream of many people the world over.1. therefore, ;

feel very honoured to be your guest. In accepting Your Excellency's gracious ;

invitation to visit this great country,I have had an excellent opportunity to renew ;

old friendships and establish new contacts. ;

When we established our friendly and cooperative relations, ;

we did so on the understanding that we would develop our friendship ;

on the basis of mutual respect and equality, and mutual benefit. ;

These are the principles on which we seek friendship with ;

all peoples of the world.It is absolutely vital that all nations,big or small, ;

strong or weak,should conduct their relations with each other ;

on these principes. We.therefore,welcome the interest and understanding ;

that China has shown regarding the problems of and positions taken ;

by small and developing countries. China's support is a constant source of ;

encouragement to us in the pursuit of the goals of developing ;

and maintaining the independence of our country. ;

It is my sincere hope that we can develop further,on the basis of mutual respect ;

and mutual benefit, ;

the links and the friendship that exist between our two countries. ;

As we are both developing countries, having a common aspiration in ;

improving the standard of life of our peoples.I look forward, ;

in the next few days, to the opportunity of learning something from your endeavours ;

and experience in promoting economic and social development in ;

the service of your people.I'd like to take this opportunity to extend to Your ;

Excellency an invitation to visit my country,so that we ;

will have an opportunity to ;

return the warm welcome and generous hospitality you extended to us. ;

In closing,may I say again how delighted and privileged we are to be in your country. ;

We arc deeply grateful for what you have,done for us since our ;

arrival in your country. May I propose a toast ;

To the health of Your Excellency, To the health of all the Chinese friends. ;

To our lasting friendship. Cheers! ;

3-3 Euro-Asian Cooperation ;

Text for Interpretation ;

Interpret the following passage from English into Chinese: ;

Respected Mr.Chairman, Ladies and gentlemen. ;

The European Union has adopted a new strategy for Asian affairs, ;

We hereby urge our EU members to efficiently cooperate with Asian countries to ;

establish a constructive,stable and equal partnership ;

between the two continents. History has proved the necessity to expand ;

cooperative relations between the two continents.Europe and Asia, ;

two major cradles of human civilization, have both contributed to human progress. ;

Since the 1980s Asia, and East Asia particularly, ;

has witnessed a rapid rise to prosperity. ;

As the world's most robust economic region the East Asia has ;

attracted worldwide attention over the past few decades with ;

its remarkable achievement. In Europe,a 50-year alliance made the ;

European Union the world's largest trade bloc in the world, ;

with its gross domestic product and foreign trade volume ;

both surpassing those of the United States. In addition,EU nations have unified tariffs ;

and established common foreign trade, agricultural and fishery policies. ;

The EU has initially established an economic and monetary union. ;

It has,in other words, become a region which enjoys the highest level of political ;

and economic integration. Trade ties between Europe and East Asia ;

have expanded rapidly in recent years. Significantly. ;

Easi Asia has replaced the United States as the EU's largest export market, ;

with 18 percent of its exports targeted for the region. ;

However,the European Union continues to lag behind the United and ;

Japan in terms of market share in East Asia. ;

We realize that the current Euro Asian economic and trade contacts ;

are a far cry from meeting demands. Ladies and gentlemen. ;

Europe,North America and East Asia have ;

emerged as the world's throe major economic centers. ;

Europe and North America have already established close ties ;

thanks to our historical links.Easi Asia and North America have also established ;

contacts via the forum of the Asian-Pacific Economic Cooperation. ;

Comparatively speaking,ties between the European Union and ;

East Asia remain relatively weak. Therefore.ladies and gentlemen, ;

it is our common desire that Europe and ;

East Asia should resolve differences through dialogues and ;

mutual trust,enhance our cooperative relations, ;

and form a now partnership in the interest of ihe ;

peoples of our two continents. Ladies and gentlemen, ;

given this historic opportunity,let us work together and ;

forge that partnership,thereby contributing to global peace, ;

stability and prosperity. Thank you.Mr.Chairman. ;

3-4 A New Long March ;

Text for Interpretation ;

Interpret the following passage from English into Chinese: ;

Mr.President. On behalf of all my colleagues present here, ;

I wish lo thank you for the incomparable hospitality for which ;

the Chinese people are justly famous throughout the world. ;

1 particularly want to pay triblute,not only to those ;

who prepared the magnificent dinner, but also to those who ;

have provided the splendid music. ;

These have been very pleasant days in China, ;

and I'm happy that my visit should conclude in such a congenial atmosphere. ;

Mr,President,I wish to thank you for your very gracious and eloquent remarks. ;

At this very moment through the wonder of telecommunications, ;

many people are hearing what we say today,Yet. ;

what we say here will not be long remembered. ;

But whal we do here can change the world. So.let us start a long ;

march together on different roads leading to the same goal, ;

the goal of building a world structure of peace and justice in which ;

all may stand together with equal dignity and in which each nation, large or small, ;

has a right to determine us own form of government,Us own course of development, ;

free of outside interference or domination. ;

We have a social and political system which ;

differs in many respects from your own. ;

It is the result of different experiences and a different tradition. ;

This system of ours docs not always produce results of which we all approve. ;

People sometimes grumble at it and criticize it. ;

But it is a political system deeply rooted in the instincts of our people. ;

We do not aim to impose our own ideas on other people. ;

We believe that it is right and necessary that people with different political ;

and social systems should live side by side. ;

We do not assess in identical fashion all aspects of today's ;

world — with our distinct histories, geographies and cultures ;

it is inconceivable that we could see eye to eye on all issues ;

— but we do agree on the fundamental need for world peace, ;

and the equally fundamental need for all countries to determine their own ;

fate and design their own future. The world watches. The world listens. ;

The world waits to see what we will do. What legacy shall we leave our children? ;

Are they destined to die painfully for the hatreds which have plagued the old world, ;

or are they destined to live joyfully ;

because we had the vision to build a new world? ;

This is the hour. This is the day for us to rise to the heights of greatness ;

which can build a new and better world. In that spirit. ;

I ask all of you present to join me in raising your glasses to the friendship and ;

cooperation of our two peoples which can lead to friendship and ;

peace for all peoples in the world. Sentences in Focus ;

Interpret the following sentences from English into Chinese: ;

1.Permit me first of all to thank you.our host, ;

for your extraordinary arrangements and hospitality. ;

2.Thank you very much for your gracious words of welcome. ;

This is a happy and memorable occasion for me personally ;

as well as for all the members of my delegation. ;

3.To come to China,one of the early cradles of civilization, ;

has long been my dream and therefore,1 feel very honored to be your guest. ;

4.In accepting Your Excellency's gracious invitation to visit this great country, ;

I have had an excellent opportunity to renew old friendships and ;

establish new contacts. ;

5.I wish to thank you for the incomparable hospitality, ;

for which the Chinese people arc justly famous throughout the world. ;

6.We have acquired a keen sense of the diversity,dynamism, ;

and progress of China under the policies of reform and opening to the outside world. ;

7.I have a special regard and personal friendship for the people of China, ;

in which 1 never experienced anything other than the utmost ;

courtesy and genuine friendship of your people. ;

8.Our friendly and cooperative tics have become extensive, ;

affecting all aspects of our national lives, including industry, ;

agriculture,commerce, culture,public health, education, ;

and scientific and technological exchange. ;

9.I'm looking forward, in the next few days, to the opportunity of learning something ;

from your endeavors and experience in promoting economic ;

and social development in the service of your people. ;

10.We recognize that our differences are greatly overshadowed ;

by issues which hind us and strengthen our relationship. ;

11.Our visit to your country is a symbol of the good faith with which we seek to build ;

up the. strength of our friendship,our cultural ;

and commercial ties and our important strategic relationship. ;

13.It is absolutely vital that all nations,big or small, strong or weak, ;

should conduct their relations with each other on the basis of mutual respect, ;

and equality and mutual benefit. ;

14.History has proved the necessity to expand cooperative relations ;

between Europe and Asia,two major cradles of human civilization. ;

15.As the world's most robust economic region China has attracted ;

worldwide attention with it's remarkable achievement over the past two decades. ;

16.It is our common desire that we should resolve differences through dialogues ;

and mutual trust, enhance our cooperative relations, ;

and form a new partnership in the interest of the ;

peoples of our two countries. ;

17.Given this rare historic opportunity, let us work together ;

and forge our partnership,thereby contributing to global peace, ;

stability and prosperity. ;

18.Let us start a long march together along different roads leading to the same ;

goal of building a new world of peace and just, ;

a world in which all peoples may stand together with equal dignity, ;

and a world in which each nation has the right lo determine its ;

own course of development. ;

19.I'd like to take this opportunity to extend to Your ;

Excellency an invitation to visit Canada,so that ;

we will have an opportunity to return the warm welcome and ;

generous hospitality you extended to us. ;

20.May I ask all of you present to join me in raising your glasses ;

to the friendship and cooperation of our two peoples! ;

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