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新概念英语第二册详解第59课:In or out




lesson 59 In or out

Our dog, Rex, used to sit outside our front gate and bark. Every time he wanted to come into the garden he would bark until someone opened the gate. As the neighbours complained of the noise, my husband spent weeks training him to press his paw on the latch to let himself in. Rex soon became an expert at opening the gate. However, when I was going out shopping last week, I noticed him in the garden near the gate. This time he was barking so that someone would let him out ! Since then, he has developed another bad habit. As soon as he opens the gate from the outside, he comes into the garden and waits until the gate shuts. Then he sits and barks until someone lets him out. After this he immediately lets himself in and begins barking again. Yesterday my husband removed the gate and Rex got so annoyed we have not seen him since.

New words and expressions 生词和短语

bark v. 狗叫

press v. 按,压

paw n. 脚爪

latch n. 门闩

expert n. 专家

develop v. 养成

habit n. 习惯

remove v. 拆掉,取下




1.Every time he wanted to come into the garden he would bark until someone opened the gate.每当它想到花园里来时,便汪汪叫个不停,直到有人把门打开。

every time在这里为连词引导一个时间状语从句,表示“每次”、“每当”,主句中的would表示过去的习惯性动作。用一般过去时的句子中它们经常连用:

Every time we met, we would talk for a while.


Every time he came to the restaurant, he would first ask for a cup of tea.


2.…my husband spent weeks training him to press his paw on the latch to let himself in.……我丈夫花了几个星期的时间训练它用脚爪按住门闩把自己放进来。


Why don't you spend more time on studies?


I spent two weeks(in) reading this book.


(2)train的宾语是him, to press…是宾语补足语,to let…为目的状语。

3.Rex soon became an expert at opening the gate.雷克斯很快成了开门的专家。

expert表示“做/干……的专家/高手”时后面通常用 at doing sth.;表示在某一领域是“专家”、“权威”时可用介词in或on:

John is an expert at driving a car.


She is an expert in flowers.


Sam is an expert on that problem.


4.This time he was barking so that someone would let him out!这次它叫着让人把它放出去!

连词so that引导的是目的状语从句。(cf.本课语法)

语法 Grammar in use


2.表示目的的几种方式:to, in order to, so as to, so that, in order that

(1)带to的不定式及其变体in order to和so as to 可以用来表示目的:

I went to live in France to/in order to/so as to learn French.


not to可以用于表示取舍:

I went to France not to study French, but to study chemics.


so as not to/in order not to可以用于表示“以防”:

I shut the door quietly, so as not to/in order not to wake the baby.


在bring, buy, need, take, use, want等动词后经常用宾语+不定式(而不用宾语+in order to/so as to),不定式表示用宾语的目的:

I want something to drink.


I need a spoon to eat this ice cream with.


Bring me a chair to sit on.


(2)连词 so that, in order that可以引导目的状语从句。当主句用一般现在时、现在完成时或一般将来时的时候,so that和 in order that后面可以跟may, can或will。so that比in order that更为普遍:

I've arrived early so that/in order that I may/can/will get the tickets.


当主句中的动词为一般过去时、过去进行时或过去完成时的时候, so that和in order that后面跟should, could, might或would:

I arrived early so that/in order that I should/could/might/would get the tickets.


so that和in order that后面的否定形式如下:

I arrived early so that/in order that I might not miss anything.

我到得很早,以免错过什么。(否定句中不可用could,可用should, would等)

(3)相比之下,带to, so as to和 in order to的结构比带that的结构要简单、自然,所以多为人使用:

I arrived early so as not to/in order not to miss anything.(译文同上)


词汇学习 Word study


(1)vt., vi.按,挤,压:

She pressed my hand warmly.


Can you press that button for me please?


The dog pressed his paw on the latch to let himself in.



This is the time of the year when they press their grapes.


If you prefer juice, you can press some oranges.



My parents pressed me to enter for the competition.


I don't like to be pressed.我不喜欢被人催促。

2.develop vt.,vi.


The village has developed into a town now.


Do you believe that you can develop your mind through watching TV?


It's hard to develop your business in this city.



He has developed another bad habit.


She developed an interest in swimming.


练习答案 Key to written exercises


A b opens (1.9); comes (1.9); waits…shuts (11.9-10);sits…barks…lets…lets (1.10); begins (1.10)

c wanted (1.2); opened (1.3); complained (1.3); spent (1.4); became (1. 5); noticed (1.6); removed (1.11);got (1.11)

d has developed (1.8); have not seen (1.11)

e was going out (1.6); was barking (1.7)

C 1 He is said to be/It is said that he is very rich.

2 There is said to be/It is said that there is a hold-up on the roads.

3 I was given a pen./A pen was given to me.

4 She was given a prize./A prize was given to her.

5 We were promised a new office./A new office was promised to us.

(Note: In numbers 3-5, the second alternative is grammatically correct but rarely used.)


1 He left early so as not to see me.

2 The secretary asked me into the office so that the manager might speak to me.

3 I ran to the station so as not to be late.

4 He worked hard in order to learn English.

5 He has not sent me his address so that I will/shall not be able to write to him.

6 I went to see him to find out what had happened.


1 d 2 b 3 d 4 d 5 d 6 a

7 b 8 a 9 d 10 a 11a 12 b

【New words and expressions】 生词和短语

★bark v. 狗叫

The dog is barking

Somebody is barking

★press v. 按,压

pressure :压力

★paw n. 脚爪

cat's paw :被人所利用的人

I don't want to be a cat's paw.

★latch n. 门闩

bar :门闩

★expert n. 专家

expert at/in 在某一方面是专家

expert at/in dong sth

expert at / in opening the door

★develop v. 养成

develop the film :冲洗胶卷

develop :发展

developing skills ;发展技巧

fluency in English

developing country :发展中国家

developed country :发达国家

boiling water :滚开水

boiled water:开水

★habit n. 习惯

custom :风格,习俗



★remove v. 拆掉,取下

remove sth from


let sb in: 让某人进来

let sb out :让某人出去

let sb down:让某人失望


front gate

would = used to

every time=when :当什么时候,后面可以是点,可以是断

the moment = as soon as:一...就...(强调的是瞬间)

every time 每次,每当

Every time I turn to lesson 59,I will remember my teacher.

The dog used to bark outside the front gate to let(make)somebody open the door.

complain of :抱怨

spend time doing:花费某断时间去做某事

It takes do 事情做主语

sb spend time 人做主语

train sb to do :训练某人做某事

press his paw/press the latch

press the button/press the figure on the button

going out shopping

so that :以便于,为了(表达目的)


表达目的:to/in order to /in order that/ so as to /so that

to + 动词原型, that+从句


after this

got 是谓语动词

have seen 也是谓语dc

so annoyed(that)


so that 目的状语从句,谓语动词前面一定要要情态动词

since(加在尾巴上)=since then :从那时起到现在为止

【Special difficulties】

表达目的的几种方式 :to/in orderto /so as to +原型

in order that /so that +目的状语从句

目的状语从句当中不存在want,只有to do


如果发现do的动作不是由主语做的,而是由其他人做的,在do的前面加for sb

不定式的逻辑主语:for sb to do sth

【Multiple choice questions】

6...was barking__....

so that 引导目的状语从句

Answer A

in case 以防万一,如果

Eg.:Bring your umbrella in case it rains.

so 表示结果;引导句子

to do不定式做目的状语

for sb to do sth = so that sb. do sth.

7. As soon as he____...

Answer B

as soon as 引导状语从句


be opening 强调动作正在发生

has been doing 现在完成进行时强调从过去延续到现在,并且还将延续


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