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新东方:新概念英语三册全“句”透3

所属教程:新概念英语文章

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2015年01月23日

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【课文例句1】: Editors of newspapers and magazines often go toextremes to provide their readers with unimportant facts and statistics.

【例句精析】:go toextremes ( to do sth) 走极端;事情做绝了;事情做过分了

上述例句翻译为“报纸杂志的编辑往往为了向读者提供一些无关紧要的事实和数据而走向极端”;我们可以从“go to extremes”这一短语进一步归纳出其他类似的短语:go to the other / opposite extreme 走向另一个极端

【例句拓展】:1) 那位班长为了博得老师的欢心把事情都做绝了,以至于班上的每个人都恨他。

The monitor goes to such extremes to get the teacher’sappreciation that everyone in the class hates him now.

2)虽然这本书不怎么好,但那些评论家太过分了,说这是有史以来最糟糕的书了。

The book is not very good, but those critics have gone to extremes,saying that it is the worst one in the history.

3) 这种事情很少发生,因为我们这里气候很少会发生异常

This is rare occurrence as our climate seldom goes to extremes. (新概念第三册,L56)

4) 我总是说你缺乏锻炼,但你也没有必要走向另一个极端啊。

I always say that you do too little physical exercises, but there is noneed for you to go to the other / opposite extreme.

【课文例句2】: However, he had at last been allowed to send a fax in which heinformed the editor that the he had been arrested while counting the 1,084steps leading to the fifteen-foot wall which surrounded the president's

palace.

【例句精析】:“分词后置作定语”和“定语从句”的转换。

上述例句中请注意如下部分——the 1,084 stepsleading to the fifteen-foot wall which surrounded the president's palace中的 leading to the fifteen-foot wall是steps的定语,which surrounded the president's palace是wall的定语。同样是定语,却选择了不同的呈现方式,一个使用分词后置作定语,一个使用定语从句。试问如果这两处定语都改成定语从句会如何?即——the 1,084 steps which led to the fifteen-foot wall which surroundedthe president's palace. 很明显作者之所以这样考虑,是因为如果临近语境中,两次出现定语都用定语从句会构成视觉重复,行文略显单一平淡。同学们也可以把这个写作技巧运用到自己的书面语中去,让我们的行文更显得多样化。

【例句拓展】: 1)..... the descriptions givenby people who claimed to haveseen the puma were extraordinarily similar. (新概念三册L1)

2)The hunt for the puma began in a small village where a woman pickingblackberries saw 'a large cat' only five yards away from her.(新概念三册L1)

3) Fortunately for them, the Bank of England has a team calledMutilated Ladies which deals withclaims from people who fed their money to a machine or to their dog.(新概念三册L7)

【高考真题链接】:“2014年上海英语高考阅读理解SectionB (B)”

Researchers at the University of Barcelona gave people a questionnaire calledthe Implicit Association Test, which measures the strength of people'sassociations between, for instance, black people and adjectives such as good,bad, athletic or awkward.

“2013年上海英语高考阅读理解Section B”

Researchersat the Massachusetts Institute of Technology believe that they have succeededin 45 a specific area of the brain called the fusiform face area (FFA), whichis used only for facial recognition.


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