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> 新概念英语 > 新概念英语文章 >  内容

新概念英语第二册逐句精讲语言点 第1课(2)

所属教程:新概念英语文章

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2015年02月10日

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本栏目旨在为莘莘学子们提供新概念第二册课文逐句讲解,希望有助于大家对课文的理解。

Lesson 1 A private conversation

课文内容:

Last week I went to the theatre. I had a very goodseat. The play was very interesting. I did not enjoyit. A young man and a young woman weresitting behind me. They were talking loudly. Igot very angry. I could not hear the actors. Iturned round. I looked at the man and the womanangrily. They did not pay any attention. In the end, I could not bear it. I turned round again. 'Ican't hear a word!' I said angrily.

'It's none of your business, ' the young man said rudely. 'This is a private conversation!'

本文语法:简单陈述句

语法归纳:一个完整的简单陈述句一般包括 主语+谓语(+宾语+方式状语+地点状语+时间状语),其中状语可前置于句首。

精讲笔记:

4.I did not enjoy it.

我却无法欣赏。

语言点1 did not常用于正式写作中,其缩写didn't常在口语中使用,类似有:cannot/cannot=can't,could not=couldn't,do not=don't,will not=won't,shall not=shan't,have not=haven't等。

语言点2 enjoy的用法:

1)enjoy sth.从某事物中得到精神上的娱乐或快乐,比like意义要深得多。enjoy music享受音乐;enjoydinner享受宴会;enjoy life享受生活

2)enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事。enjoy swimming喜欢游泳;enjoy fishing喜爱钓鱼

3)一般不可说enjoy sb.,如:This morning I enjoyed my English teacher.是明显错误的句子。但enjoy oneself(反身代词)是特例,在请客人吃菜时可说Enjoy yourself!

5.A young man and a young woman were sitting behind me.

一青年男子与一青年女子坐在我的身后。

语言点1 A young man and a young woman为主语,交代谁坐在我的后面,他们必然和故事的发展有直接关系。

语言点2 形容词修饰名词作定语一般放在被修饰名词之前,如young man,但如果是介词短语形容词短语作定语或修饰名词的定语则放在被修饰名词之后。例:a man in the room(介词短语)在房间里的一个男人。Isit a problem difficult to solve(形容词短语)?这是个难解决的问题吗?

语言点3 本句时态:were sitting为过去进行时,与sat(一般过去时)不同

语言点4 behind反义词:in front of。原句可改写为I was sitting in front of them.

6.They were talking loudly.

他们俩在一直在那里大声地交谈着。

语言点1 were talking为谓语动词部分,loudly是副词,副词一般修饰动词放在其后。例:hit hard重重地打;speak slowly慢条斯理地说;touch softly温柔地抚摸

语言点2 were talking过去进行时,为何不用"They talked loudly."呢?因为be doing是介绍背景时的最佳选择可以起到加强印象的效果。比较:I speak English.我讲英语。/I am speak English now.我现在正在讲英语。

7.I got very angry.

我很生气。

语言点 比较I was very angry.我那时很生气。/I got very angry.我变得很生气。用get表示“变得”,强调变化的过程。get在作“变得”讲时常后接形容词,如got old变老;got hot变热;got hungry感到饥饿;均有肩井的意味。


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