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新概念英语第二册逐句精讲语言点 第18课(1)

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lixiao

2015年02月21日

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Lesson18 He often does this

课文内容:

After I had had lunch at a village inn, I lookedfor my bag. I had left it on a chair beside thedoor and now it wasn't there ! As I was lookingfor it, the inn-keeper came in. ‘Did you have agood meal ' he asked. ‘Yes, thank you,' I answered, ‘but I can't pay the bill. I haven't got my bag.' Theinn-keeper smiled and immediately went out. In a fewminutes he returned with my bag and gave it backto me. ‘I'm very sorry,' he said ' My dog had taken it into the garden. He often does this.'

本文语法:have的时态和变化

语法归纳:have作实义动词意为“拥有”,作助动词帮助构成完成时态。

1)作实义动词,意为“拥有”(=own, possess,have got):

I have over a thousand books. = I own / possess over a thousand books 我有1000 多本书。

Did you have plenty of time to see your mother?你有足够的时间去看望你母亲吗?

Have you got any views about this new plan?对于这个新计划你有何看法?(在英式口语中常用 havegot代替have。)

2)has/have作“拥有”解时的否定式:has not (hasn’t)/have not (haven’t),或在have前加“助动词 +not”:

He has not any money.他身无分文。

My father has not (got) a new bicycle.我父亲连一辆新自行车都没有。

3)have作助动词,帮助构成完成时态:

Up to now, she hasn’t got any chance.到目前为止,她还没得到任何机会。

I have not had my lunch yesterday.昨天我连午饭都没有吃。

精讲笔记:

1.After I had had lunch at a village inn, I looked for my bag.

在一个乡村小店吃过午饭后,就找我的提包。

语言点1 此句中“after +过去完成时”构成时间状语从句。

语言点2 有关国家行政区划的表达:

village 乡村;town城镇;county县;city市;province省;country国家

2.I had left it on a chair beside the door and now it wasn't there !

我把包放在进门的椅子上了,现在竟然不见了。

语言点 wasn’t there是be there的过去式,意为“存在于 地方'

3.As I was looking for it, the inn-keeper came in.

就在我四处找包时,酒店老板进来了。

语言点 此处as相当于when,意为“当……时候”;came in = entered,意为“进来”。


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