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新概念英语第二册逐句精讲语言点 第27课(2)

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2015年02月26日

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27课 A wet night

Late in the afternoon, the boys put up their tent inthe middle of a field. As soon as thiswas done, theycooked a meal over an open fire. They were allhungry and the food smelt good. After awonderfulmeal, they told stories and sangsongs by the camp fire. But some time later itbegan to rain. The boysfelt tired so they pet outthe fire and crept into their tent. Their sleeping-bags were warm and comfortable, so they all sleptsoundly. In the middle of the night, two boys wokeupand began shouting. Thetent was full of water! They all leapt out of their sleeping-bags andhurried outside. It was raining heavily and they found that a stream had formed in the field.The stream woundits way across the fieldand then flowed right under their tent!

精讲笔记:

4. After a wonderful meal, they told stories and sang songs by the campfire.

他们美美地吃了一顿饭后,就围着篝火讲故事、唱歌。

语言点1 wonderful meal = square meal丰盛的一餐

语言点2 tell, instruct, inform表示“把某消息或某件事转达给别人”的区别:

1) tell是常用词,非正式用语,含义是“把某事告诉某人;指示”。

Glancing at her scornfully, he told her that the dress was sold.

他轻蔑地看了她一眼,告诉她说那件衣服已经卖了。(Lesson 57)

He has been able to tell us more about active volcanoes than any man alive.

他比任何在世的人都能更多地向我们讲述有关活火山的情况。(Lesson67)

2) instruct是正式用语,表示给某人以指示、通知,基本含义为“教授”。一般用于上级对下级或长辈对晚辈的指示。

The editor at once sent the journalist a telegram instructing him to find out the exact numberof steps and the height of the wall.

编辑立即给这位记者发了一份电报,叫他查明台阶的准确数目以及围墙的高度。(《新概念英语》3册Lesson5)

3) inform表示向某人传递信息,告知所发生的情况或有关资料。

I have just received a letter from my old school informing me that my former headmaster, Mr.Stuart Page, will be retiring next week.

我刚接到母校的一封信,通知我说我以前的校长斯图亚特•佩奇先生将于下星期退休。(Lesson 85)

5. But some time later it began to rain.

但过了一阵儿,天下起雨来。

语言点1 some time later = a short time / while later 过了一阵儿

语言点2 比较学习

sometime某时

sometimes有时

some time一段时间

some times若干次

6. The boys felt tired so they put out the fire and crept into their tent.

他们有点疲惫了,于是扑灭了篝火,钻进了帐篷。

语言点1 比较学习 tired, weary, exhausted累的,疲倦的

1) tired为常用词,泛指由于劳动过度、工作紧张导致疲乏的。

I am tired with swimming.我游泳游累了。

2) weary指由于连续不断地进行某项活动而引起疲劳,以致感到厌烦的。

At last, weary with walking, they fell asleep.

最后,因为走得十分疲念,他们都睡着了。

3) exhausted指筋疲力尽的。

Her strength was exhausted and she fell back on the pillow.

她筋疲力尽,又躺在枕头上。

语言点2 put常用相关短语

put out扑灭,熄灭

put sb up留宿某人

put up with sb.容忍某人

put down写下,记下

put off推迟

put sth away把某物摘在一边

put sth. on穿上,戴上

put up建立,搭起

语言点3 总结学习有关“爬”的短语

creep into爬进

creep out of从……爬出

creep over爬上

creep away爬走,偷偷溜走


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