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新概念英语第二册逐句精讲语言点 第31课(1)

所属教程:新概念英语文章

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lixiao

2015年03月01日

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31课 Success story

Yesterday afternoon Frank Hawkins was tellingme about his experiences as a young man.Before he retired, Frank was the head of a verylarge business company, but as a boy he usedtowork in a small shop. It was his job to repairbicycles and at that time he used to workfourteen hours a day. He saved money for yearsand in 1958 he bought a small workshop of his own.In his twenties Frank used to make spare parts foraeroplanes. At that time he had two helpers. In a fewyears the small workshop had become a large factory which employed seven hundred andtwenty-eight people. Frank smiled when he remembered his hard early years and the long roadto success. He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in. She wanted him torepair their grandson's bicycle!

语法归纳:形式主语

一句话总结:在英语表达中,为了避免头重脚轻、保持句子的整体平衡。我们常用形式主语it来代替真正的主语。例:

1) To recite the important passage is necessary for English learns.

背诵重要的篇章对于英语学习者来说是必要的。

to recite the important passage,似乎在句子中所占比重太大,使句子头重脚轻,因此改为:

It is necessary for English learners to recite the important passage.

2) To talk with you is very funny.和你谈读很有意思

to talk with you是主语,但在句子中所占比重太大,使句子头重脚轻,因此改为:

It is very funny to talk with you.

3) It took me ten minutes to persuade her to ring back later. (Lesson 54)

说服她过一会儿再给我打过来花了我十分钟。

精讲笔记:

1. Yesterday afternoon Frank Hawkins was telling me about his experiences as a youngman.

昨天下午,弗兰克•霍金斯向我讲述了他年轻时的经历。

语言点 tell sb. about / of one’s experiences / story 向……讲述某人的经历:

Tom told me of his unforgettable experiences in U.S.A.

汤姆向我讲述了他在美国的一些让人难忘的经历。

2. Before he retired,Frank was the head of a very large business company, but as aboy he used to work in a small shop.

在退休前,弗兰克是一个非常大的商业公司的经理。但在他小时候,他曾在一个小铺里做工。

语言点1 本句中before引导时间状语从句,but连接并列句。

语言点2 关于“领导,领袖”的词汇:

head / leader 领袖

headmaster 中小学校长

principal首长;中小学校长

director主任,主管,董事;导演

superior 上级,上司

CEO: Chief Executive Officer 首席执行官

CFO: Chief Financial Officer 首席财务官

COO: Chief Operating Officer 首席运营官

CIO: Chief Information Officer 首席信息官

CTO: Chief Technology Officer 首席技术官

语言点3 used to do sth.过去常常做某事(现在已经不做了):

I used to go to school by bicycle.过去我经常骑自行车上学。

She used to eat a lot as a young girl.她小时候经常吃很多。

3. It was his job to repair bicycles and at that time he used to work fourteen hours aday.

他那时的工作是修自行车,并且常常每天工作14个小时。

语言点1 it作形式主语,而动词不定式to repair bicycles才是真正的主语。

语言点2 repair bicycle = mend bicycle = fix bicycle = service bicycle 修理自修车


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